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É, é ("e-"acute) is a letter of the "Latin alphabet. It is found in "Afrikaans, "Catalan, "Czech, "Danish, "Emilian-Romagnol, "French, "English, "Galician, "Hungarian, "Icelandic, "Irish, "Italian, "Kashubian, "Luxembourgish, "Occitan, "Norwegian, "Portuguese, "Slovak, "Spanish, "Swedish, "Vietnamese, and "Welsh languages, as a variant of the letter "e". In "English, it may be observed as a pronunciation aid in "loanwords (e.g., "résumé from French) or "romanizations (e.g., "Pokémon from "Japanese). This is also used in "Dutch and "Navajo.

É or é is also used for /"ɤ/ with a "rising tone ([ɤ̌]) in "Pinyin, a romanization system for "Standard Chinese. It is also used in "Indonesian dictionaries to denote /"e/, in contrast with E, e /"ə/.


Usage in various languages[edit]

Czech and Slovak[edit]

É is the 9th letter of the "Czech alphabet and "Slovak alphabet and represents /ɛː/.

Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish[edit]

In Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish, the letter "é" is used to indicate that a terminal syllable with the vowel e is stressed, and it is often used only when it changes the meaning. See "Acute accent for a more detailed description.


Like in English, é is respected when writing foreign words, mainly from French. It is also used to differentiate the article "een," equivalent to either "a" or "an" in English, and "één", the number one. It is also used to add visual stress on words in the same way English might use italics. In Dutch, some people use "hé" as a greeting, like "hey" or "hi".


In "Emilian, é is used to represent [e], e.g. récc [rekː] "rich". In "Romagnol the same letter is used to represent [eː], e.g. lédar [ˈleːdar] "thieves".


In English, the e-acute has some uses, mostly in words of French origin, such as "née, "résumé, "fiancée, "sauté and "coupé and names such as "Beyoncé, Breneé, "JonBenét, and Théo. "Pokémon, the media franchise owned by Japanese corporation "Nintendo, uses [k]é to signify the proper pronunciation of the hiragana ". Also, "Padmé Amidala in Star Wars has an é in her name.


The letter é (pronounced /e/) contrasts with è (which is pronounced /ɛ/) and is widely used in French.


É is the 9th letter of the "Hungarian alphabet and represents /eː/.


É is the 7th letter of the "Icelandic alphabet and represents /jɛː/.


In Irish the acute accent (fada) marks a long vowel and so é is pronounced /eː/.


É is a variant of E carrying an acute accent; it represents an /"e/ carrying the tonic accent. It is used only if it is the last letter of the word except in dictionaries or when a different pronunciation may affect the meaning of a word: perché ("why"/"because", pronounced "[perˈke]) and pésca ("fishing", "[ˈpeska]), to be compared with caffè ("coffee", "[kafˈfɛ]) and pèsca ("peach", "[ˈpɛska]), which have a grave accent. It is also what the italians call their version of the FBI.["citation needed]


É is the 8th letter of the "Kashubian alphabet and represents /ɛ/. It also represents [ej] in some dialects and represents [i]/[ɨ] in area between Puck and Kartuzy.


In Portuguese, é is used to mark a stressed /"ɛ/ in words whose stressed syllable is in unpredictable within the word, as in "péssimo" (very bad). If the location of the stressed syllable is predictable, the acute accent is not used. É /"ɛ/ contrasts with ê, /"e/. "É" can also mean "is": ela é bonita (she is pretty).


In Spanish, é is an accented letter and is pronounced just like "e" /e/. The accent indicates the stressed syllable in words with irregular stress, as in "éxtasis" or "bebé". See "Diacritic and "Acute accent for more details.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

É was once used in "Scottish Gaelic, but has now been largely superseded by "è". It can still be seen, but it is no longer used in the standard orthography.


In Welsh, word stress usually falls on the penultimate syllable, but one way of indicating stress on a final (short) vowel is through the use of the acute accent, often found on e in borrowed words: personél "[pɛrsɔˈnɛl] "personnel", sigarét "[sɪɡaˈrɛt] "cigarette", ymbarél "[əmbaˈrɛl] "umbrella".


In Vietnamese, the letter "é" indicates the rising tone. It can also be combined with "ê" to form "ế".

Character mappings[edit]

Character É é
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
"Unicode 201 U+00C9 233 U+00E9
"UTF-8 195 137 C3 89 195 169 C3 A9
"Numeric character reference É É é é
"Named character reference É é
"ISO 8859-"1/"2/"3/"4/"9/"10/"13/"14/"15/"16 201 C9 233 E9
"Mac OS Roman 131 83 142 8E

Key strokes[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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