The rail link is operated jointly by the Swedish "SJ and Danish railways via "DSBFirst on a commission by "Skånetrafiken and other county traffic companies (that also sell tickets) and the Danish transport agency. A series of new dual-voltage trains was developed, linking the Copenhagen area with Malmö and southern Sweden as far as "Gothenburg and "Kalmar. SJ operates "X2000 and "InterCity trains over the bridge, with connections to Gothenburg and "Stockholm. DSB operates trains to "Ystad that connect directly to a ferry to "Bornholm. "Copenhagen Airport at "Kastrup has its own railway station close to the western bridgehead. Trains operate every 20 minutes, once an hour during the night, in both directions. An additional couple of Øresundstrains are operated at rush hour, and 1–2 SJ trains and DSB trains per hour and direction every other hour. Freight trains also use the crossing.
The rail section is "double track 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) "standard gauge and capable of "speeds of up to 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph), slower in Denmark, especially in the tunnel section. There were challenges related to the difference in "electrification and "signalling between the "Danish and "Swedish railway networks. The solution chosen is to switch the electrical system from Swedish "15 kV, 16.7 Hz to Danish "25 kV, 50 Hz before the eastern bridgehead at Lernacken in Sweden. The line is signalled according to the standard Swedish system across the length of the bridge. On Peberholm the line switches to Danish signalling, which continues into the tunnel.
Swedish trains run on the left, Danish on the right. Initially the switch was made at "Malmö Central Station, a terminus at that time. After the 2010 inauguration of the "Malmö City Tunnel connection, a "flyover was built at "Burlöv, north of Malmö, where the two southbound tracks cross over the northbound pair. The railway in Malmö thus uses the Danish standard.
Costs and benefits
The cost for the Øresund Connection, including motorway and railway connections on land, was DKK 30.1 billion (~€4.0 bn) according to the 2000 year price index, with the cost of the bridge expected in 2003 to be recouped by 2037. In 2006, Sweden began work on the "Malmö City Tunnel, a SEK 9.45 billion connection with the bridge that was completed in December 2010.
The connection will be entirely user-financed. The owner company is owned half by the Danish state and half by the Swedish state. This owner company has taken loans guaranteed by the governments to finance the connection and the user fees are its only income. After the increase in traffic, these fees are enough to pay the interest and begin repaying the loans, which is expected to take about 30 years.
Taxpayers have not paid for the bridge nor the tunnel, but tax money has been used for the land connections. On the Danish side, the land connection has domestic benefit, mainly connecting the airport to the railway network. The Malmö City Tunnel has the benefit of connecting the southern part of the inner city to the rail network and allowing many more trains to and from Malmö.
According to "The Öresund Committee, the bridge has made a national economic gain of DKK 57 billion, or SEK 78 billion SEK (~€8.41 bn) on both sides of the strait by increased commuting and lower commuting expense. The gain is estimated to be SEK 6.5 billion per year but this could be increased to 7.7 billion by removing the three biggest obstacles to integration and mobility, the two largest being that non-EU nationals in Sweden are not allowed to work in Denmark and that many professional qualifications and merits are not mutually recognised.
- The Øresund Bridge was the setting for the Swedish/Danish TV crime drama "The Bridge.
- It was used as a symbol for the connection between "Sweden and the rest of "Europe at the "Eurovision Song Contest 2013.
- It was the inspiration behind the 2014 song ""Walk Me to the Bridge" by "Manic Street Preachers from their album "Futurology.
The underwater parts of the bridge have become covered in marine organisms and act as an "artificial reef.
- "Øresund Region
- "HH Tunnel, a proposed second Øresund fixed link connecting "Helsingør and "Helsingborg
- "Great Belt Fixed Link
- "List of bridge–tunnels
- "List of road-rail bridges
- "The Bridge (2011 TV series)
- Data for 2014: 34,087 motorbikes, 6,217,111 passenger cars, 194,495 vans, 50,362 busses, 422,222 trucks, 6,918,277 total (18,954 per day). Trafikstatistik (oresundsbron.com)
- "New Baltic data cable plan unfolding". Yle yhtiönä. 11 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
According to current plans, the undersea optic fibre cable would run directly from Germany to Finland. Haavisto said that the project could make Finland a significant international data hub. So far, all data transmission to Finland has taken place via the Øresund Bridge, that is through Denmark and Sweden.
- Boge, Knut (2006). Votes Count but the Number of Seats Decides: A comparative historical case study of 20th century Danish, Swedish and Norwegian road policy. (Ph.D.). DBI Norwegian School of Management. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
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- Robert Barry, "Bleeding Edge: Nicky Wire on Futures, Futurism and Futurology," TheQuietus.com, 27 May 2014.
|""||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Øresund bridge.|
- Official English website
- Øresund Link at "Structurae
- Øresund Bridge at "Structurae
- Øresund Tunnel at "Structurae
- Øresund bridge project information from Road Traffic Technology
- Impossible Bridges: Denmark to Sweden ("MegaStructures documentary, 2006)
- Video on Arup's website and on Youtube showing Arup Legends: Jorgen Nissen
- Live WebCam