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Contents

Polish[edit]

""
""
Signage on Polish "municipal police (Straż Miejska) cars uses both the standard letter variant (Ż) and the variant with horizontal stroke (Ƶ)

Ż represents the "voiced retroflex fricative [ʐ], similar to the pronunciation of ⟨g⟩ in "mirage". It usually corresponds to "Ж or "Ž in most other Slavic languages.

Its pronunciation is the same as the "rz (digraph), the only difference being that ⟨rz⟩ evolved from a palatalized ⟨r⟩.

Ż occasionally devoices to the "voiceless retroflex fricative [ʂ], particularly in final position.

Ż should not be confused with ⟨"Ź⟩ (or ⟨z⟩ followed by ⟨i⟩), termed "soft zh"["citation needed], the "voiced alveolopalatal fricative ([ʑ]).

Examples of Ż[edit]

""About this sound żółty  (yellow)
""About this sound żona  (wife)

Compare "ź:
""About this sound źle  (wrongly, badly)
""About this sound źrebię  (foal)

Occasionally, capital "Ƶ (Z with horizontal stroke) is used instead of capital Ż for aesthetic purposes, especially in all-caps text and handwriting.

Emilian-Romagnol[edit]

Ż is used in Emilian-Romagnol to represent the voiced dental fricative [ð] (or, in some peripheral dialects, the affricates [dð~dz]), e.g. viażèr [vjaˈðɛːr] "to travel".

Kashubian[edit]

Kashubian ż is a voiced fricative like in Polish, but it is "postalveolar (["ʒ]) rather than retroflex.

Maltese[edit]

In Maltese ż is pronounced like "z" in English "maze".

Tunisian Arabic[edit]

It is used in "Tunisian Arabic transliteration["which?] for /ð/ (based on Maltese with additional letters).

Computing codes[edit]

character Ż ż
Unicode name LATIN CAPITAL LETTER
Z WITH DOT ABOVE
LATIN SMALL LETTER
Z WITH DOT ABOVE
character encoding decimal hex decimal hex
"Unicode 379 017B 380 017C
"UTF-8 197 187 C5 BB 197 188 C5 BC
"Numeric character reference Ż Ż ż ż
"CP 852 189 BD 190 BE
"CP 775 163 A3 164 A4
"Mazovia 161 A1 167 A7
"Windows-1250, "ISO-8859-2 175 AF 191 BF
"Windows-1257, "ISO-8859-13 221 DD 253 FD
"Mac Central European 251 FB 253 FD

See also[edit]

References[edit]


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