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The United States Census of 1810 was the third "Census conducted in the "United States. It was conducted on August 6, 1810. It showed that 7,239,881 people were living in the United States, of which 1,191,362 were slaves.

The 1810 Census included one new state: Ohio. The original census returns for the District of Columbia, Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey, and Ohio were lost or destroyed over the years.[1] Most of Tennessee's original forms were also lost, other than Grainger and Rutherford counties.[2]

Contents

Questions[edit]

The 1810 Census form contained the following information (identical to the 1800 census):

  1. City or township
  2. Name of the head of family
  3. Number of free white males under age 10
  4. Number of free white males age 10-15
  5. Number of free white males age 16-25
  6. Number of free white males age 26-44
  7. Number of free white males age 45 and over
  8. Number of free white females under age 10
  9. Number of free white females age 10-15
  10. Number of free white females age 16-25
  11. Number of free white females age 26-44
  12. Number of free white females age 45 and over
  13. Number of all other free persons
  14. Number of slaves

Note to researchers[edit]

Census taking was not yet an exact science. Before 1830, enumerators lacked pre-printed forms, and some drew up their own, resulting in pages without headings. Some enumerators did not tally their results. As a result, census records for many towns before 1830 are idiosyncratic. This is not to suggest that they are less reliable than subsequent censuses, but that they may require more work on the part of the researcher.

Data availability[edit]

No "microdata from the 1810 population census are available, but "aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the "National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings[edit]

Rank State Population
01 New York 959,049
02 Virginia 877,683
03 Pennsylvania 810,091
04 North Carolina 556,526
05 Massachusetts 472,040
06 South Carolina 415,115
07 Kentucky 406,511
08 Maryland 380,546
09 Connecticut 262,042
10 Tennessee 261,727
11 Georgia 251,407
12 New Jersey 245,555
13 Ohio 230,760
X Maine [3] 228,705
14 Vermont 217,713
15 New Hampshire 214,360
X West Virginia [4] 105,469
16 Rhode Island 76,931
X Louisiana 76,556
17 Delaware 72,674
X Mississippi 31,306
X Indiana 24,520
X Missouri 19,783
X District of Columbia [5] 15,471
X Illinois 12,282
X Alabama 9,046
X Michigan 4,762
X Arkansas 1,062

City rankings[edit]

Rank City State Population[6] "Region (2016)[7]
01 "New York "New York 96,373 "Northeast
02 "Philadelphia "Pennsylvania 53,722 "Northeast
03 "Baltimore "Maryland 46,555 "South
04 "Boston "Massachusetts 33,787 "Northeast
05 "Charleston "South Carolina 24,711 "South
06 "Northern Liberties "Pennsylvania 19,874 "Northeast
07 "New Orleans "Louisiana 17,242 "South
08 "Southwark "Pennsylvania 13,707 "Northeast
09 "Salem "Massachusetts 12,613 "Northeast
10 "Albany "New York 10,762 "Northeast
11 "Providence "Rhode Island 10,071 "Northeast
12 "Richmond "Virginia 9,735 "South
13 "Norfolk "Virginia 9,193 "South
14 "Washington "District of Columbia 8,208 "South
15 "Newport "Rhode Island 7,907 "Northeast
16 "Newburyport "Massachusetts 7,634 "Northeast
17 "Alexandria "District of Columbia 7,227 "South
18 "Portland "Maine 7,169 "Northeast
19 "Portsmouth "New Hampshire 6,934 "Northeast
20 "Nantucket "Massachusetts 6,807 "Northeast
21 "Gloucester "Massachusetts 5,943 "Northeast
22 "Schenectady "New York 5,903 "Northeast
23 "Marblehead "Massachusetts 5,900 "Northeast
24 "New Haven "Connecticut 5,772 "Northeast
25 "Petersburg "Virginia 5,668 "South
26 "New Bedford "Massachusetts 5,651 "Northeast
27 "Lancaster "Pennsylvania 5,405 "Northeast
28 "Savannah "Georgia 5,215 "South
29 "Charlestown "Massachusetts 4,959 "Northeast
30 "Georgetown "District of Columbia 4,948 "South
31 "Pittsburgh "Pennsylvania 4,768 "Northeast
32 "Beverly "Massachusetts 4,608 "Northeast
33 "Brooklyn "New York 4,402 "Northeast
34 "Middleborough "Massachusetts 4,400 "Northeast
35 "Lexington "Kentucky 4,326 "South
36 "Plymouth "Massachusetts 4,228 "Northeast
37 "Lynn "Massachusetts 4,087 "Northeast
38 "Hudson "New York 4,048 "Northeast
39 "Hartford "Connecticut 3,955 "Northeast
40 "Reading "Pennsylvania 3,462 "Northeast
41 "New London "Connecticut 3,238 "Northeast
42 "Trenton "New Jersey 3,002 "Northeast
43 "Elizabeth "New Jersey 2,977 "Northeast
44 "Norwich "Connecticut 2,976 "Northeast
45 "York "Pennsylvania 2,847 "Northeast
46 "Cincinnati "Ohio 2,540 "Midwest

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dollarhide, William (2001). The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. North Salt Lake, Utah: HeritageQuest. p. 8. 
  2. ^ "Tennessee Census Availability at TSLA and Online". March 5, 2013. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Between 1790 and 1820, the "District of Maine was part of the state of Massachusetts.
  4. ^ Between 1790 and 1860, the state of West Virginia was part of Virginia; the data for each states reflect the present-day boundaries.
  5. ^ The District of Columbia is not a state but was created with the passage of the "Residence Act of 1790. The territory that formed that federal capital was originally donated by both Maryland and Virginia; however, the Virginia portion was "returned by Congress in 1846.
  6. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998 
  7. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 9, 2016. 

External links[edit]


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