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1872 Democratic National Convention
"1872 presidential election
""HoraceGreeley.png ""BGratzBrown.png
Greeley and Brown
Date(s) July 9–10, 1872
City "Baltimore, "Maryland
Venue "Ford's Grand Opera House, East Fayette Street (between North Howard & Eutaw Streets)
Presidential nominee "Horace Greeley of "New York
Vice Presidential nominee "Benjamin Gratz Brown of "Missouri
‹ "1868  ·  "1876
Interior of "Ford's Grand Opera House of "John T. Ford, (1829-1894), on East Fayette Street (between North Howard and Eutaw Streets) of "Baltimore during the 1872 Democratic National Convention, (built 1871, razed 1964)

The 1872 Democratic National Convention was a "presidential nominating convention held at "Ford's Grand Opera House on East Fayette Street, (between North Howard and North Eutaw Streets) in "Baltimore, Maryland on July 9 to 10, 1872. It resulted in the nomination of newspaper publisher "Horace Greeley, (1811-1872), of "New York and Governor "Benjamin Gratz Brown, (1826-1885), of "Missouri for "President and "Vice President, a ticket previously nominated by the rump "Liberal Republican faction "convention meeting also in "Baltimore's newly built premier "Opera House of nationally well-known theatre owner/operator "John T. Ford, (1829-1894), (infamous as the owner of the "Ford's Theatre in "Washington, D.C. where 16th President "Abraham Lincoln had been assassinated in April 1865) of the major "Republican Party which had already re-nominated incumbent 18th President "Ulysses S. Grant, (1822-1885), of the regular "Republicans for another term.

The convention was called to order by "Democratic National Committee chairman "August Belmont. "Thomas Jefferson Randolph served as the convention's temporary chairman and "James R. Doolittle served as permanent president. At six hours in length, stretched over two days, the convention was the shortest meeting of a major political party convention in history.[1]


The convention[edit]

Accepting the ""Liberal Republican" platform meant the "Democrats had accepted the "New Departure", rejecting the anti-"Reconstruction platform of 1868. They realized to win they had to look forward, and not try to refight the "Civil War.[2]["full citation needed] Also, they realized they would only split the anti-Grant vote if they nominated a candidate other than Greeley. However, Greeley's long reputation in the years before as the most aggressive attacker of the earlier "Democratic Party, its principles, its leadership, and its activists cooled enthusiasm among many of the delegates for the potential nominee.

Presidential candidates[edit]

Horace Greeley received 686 of the 732 delegate votes cast on the first ballot. The motion to have Greeley's nomination be declared unanimous was carried.

Presidential Ballot 1st Unanimous
"Horace Greeley 686 732
"Jeremiah S. Black 21
"James A. Bayard 15
Blank 8
"William S. Groesbeck 2

Source: Official proceedings of the National Democratic convention, held at Baltimore, July 9, 1872. (September 3, 2012).

Vice presidential candidates[edit]

Benjamin G. Brown received 713 of the 732 delegate votes cast on the first ballot.

Vice Presidential Ballot 1st
"Benjamin Gratz Brown 713
Blank 13
"John W. Stevenson 6

Source: Official proceedings of the National Democratic convention, held at Baltimore, July 9, 1872. (September 3, 2012).

Straight-Out Democrats Convention[edit]

A splinter, conservative group of Democrats, calling themselves the "Straight-Out Democrats, unhappy with the nomination of Greeley, held a Straight-Out Democratic National Convention in "Louisville, Kentucky. They nominated for President "Charles O'Conor, who told them by telegram that he would not accept their nomination, and for Vice President "John Quincy Adams II. The candidates received 23,054 votes (0.35%) in the election, and no "Electoral College electors.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

Preceded by
"New York, New York
"Democratic National Conventions Succeeded by
"St. Louis, Missouri
) )