|"1920 presidential election
Cox and Roosevelt
|Date(s)||June 28 – July 6, 1920|
|City||"San Francisco, "California|
|Presidential nominee||"James M. Cox of "Ohio|
|Vice Presidential nominee||"Franklin D. Roosevelt of "New York|
The 1920 "Democratic National Convention was held at the "Civic Auditorium in "San Francisco, California from June 28 to July 6, 1920. It resulted in the nomination of "Governor "James M. Cox of "Ohio for "President and Assistant Secretary of the Navy "Franklin D. Roosevelt from "New York for "Vice President.
Neither President "Woodrow Wilson, in spite of his failing health, nor former "Secretary of State and three-time presidential candidate "William Jennings Bryan had entirely given up hope that their party would turn to them, but neither was, in the event, formally nominated. In addition to the eventual nominee, Cox, the other high-scoring candidates as the voting proceeded were: "Secretary of the Treasury William McAdoo and "Attorney General Mitchell Palmer. On the forty-fourth ballot, Governor "James M. Cox of Ohio was nominated for the Presidency. "Cora Wilson Stewart of Kentucky, head of the National Education Association's new illiteracy commission, was chosen to second the nomination for Governor Cox. Mrs. Stewart was selected to replace Kentucky Congressman "J. Campbell Cantrill, highlighting the candidate's support for what would become the "19th Amendment.
Although "William Gibbs McAdoo (Wilson's son-in-law and former Treasury Secretary) was the strongest candidate, Wilson blocked his nomination in hopes a deadlocked convention would demand that he run for a third term, even though he was seriously ill, physically immobile, and in seclusion at the time. The Democrats, meeting in "San Francisco between June 28 and July 6 (the first time a major party held its "nominating convention in an urban center on the Pacific coast), nominated another newspaper editor from Ohio, Governor "James M. Cox, as their presidential candidate, and 38-year-old Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin D. Roosevelt, a fifth cousin of the late president Theodore Roosevelt, for vice-president.
Fourteen names were placed in nomination. Early favorites for the nomination had included McAdoo and Attorney General "Alexander Mitchell Palmer. Others placed in nomination included New York Governor "Al Smith, United Kingdom Ambassador "John W. Davis, New Jersey Governor "Edward I. Edwards, and Oklahoma Senator "Robert Latham Owen.
History was made at the convention when "Laura Clay, a delegate from "Kentucky and co-founder of the "Kentucky Equal Rights Association and the Democratic Women's Club of Kentucky, became the first woman to have her name placed into nomination for President at the convention of a major political party. She was also the first woman to receive a convention delegation's vote for the presidency.
|"James M. Cox||134||159||177||178||181||195||295.5||315||321.5||321||332||404||428.5||443.5||468.5||454.5||442||458||468||456.5||426.5||430|
|"William Gibbs McAdoo||266||289||323.5||335||357||368.5||384||380||386||385||380||375.5||363.5||355.5||344.5||337||332||330.5||327.5||340.5||395.5||372.5|
|"A. Mitchell Palmer||256||264||251.5||254||244||265||267||262||257||257||255||201||193.5||181||167||164.5||176||174.5||179.5||178||144||166.5|
|"Alfred E. Smith||109||101||92||96||95||98||4||2||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Edward I. Edwards||42||34||32.5||31||31||30||2||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Thomas R. Marshall||37||36||36||34||29||13||14||12||7||7||7||7||7||7||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Robert L. Owen||33||29||22||32||34||36||35||36||37||37||35||34||32||34||31||34||36||38||37||41||36||35|
|"John W. Davis||32||31.5||28.5||31||29||29||33||32||32||34||33||31.5||29.5||33||32||52||57||42||31||36||54||52|
|"Edwin T. Meredith||27||26||26||28||27||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Furnifold M. Simmons||24||25||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"James W. Gerard||21||12||11||2||0||0||0||1||1||2||1||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||1||0||0|
|"John Sharp Williams||20||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Gilbert M. Hitchcock||18||16||16||5||5||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Francis Burton Harrison||6||6||6||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"William Jennings Bryan||1||1||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"William Randolph Hearst||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"James M. Cox||425||429||424||424.5||423.5||423||404.5||400.5||391.5||391||380.5||379.5||376.5||377||386||383.5||468.5||490||497.5||540.5||568||699.5|
|"William Gibbs McAdoo||364.5||364.5||364.5||371||371.5||368.5||394.5||403.5||415.5||421||421||420.5||409||399||405||405.5||440||467||460||427||412||270|
|"A. Mitchell Palmer||181.5||177||169||167||166.5||165.5||166||165||174||176||180||184||222||241||202.5||211||74||19||12||8||7||1|
|"John W. Davis||50.5||54.5||58.5||55.5||60.5||62.5||63||58||57.5||55.5||56||54||33||28||50.5||50||71.5||76||55.5||49.5||57.5||52|
|"Robert L. Owen||34||33||34||33||34||35.5||33||33||34||34||34||37||38.5||36||33||33||32||33||35||34||34||34|
|"Annette Abbott Adams||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Eugene C. Bonniwell||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"William Jennings Bryan||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Irvin S. Cobb||1.5||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Andrieus A. Jones||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"James H. Lewis||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||6||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Thomas R. Marshall||0||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"John J. Pershing||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Joseph T. Robinson||0||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|"Cora Wilson Stewart||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
It seemed that this was going to be a free for all too, but Cox had asked the delegates to support former Assistant Navy Secretary "Franklin D. Roosevelt, because, as some thought, he had a "magic name." FDR was nominated by voice vote and received the nomination by acclamation. After it became clear that Roosevelt was the choice of party leaders, former Ambassador "David R. Francis of Missouri, Major General "Lawrence Tyson of Tennessee, Governor "Sam V. Stewart of Montana, former Governor "James H. Hawley of Idaho, former "FTC Chairman Joseph Davies of Wisconsin, T.T. Vaughan of Oregon, and oil tycoon "Edward L. Doheny of California all withdrew their candidacies.
"St. Louis, Missouri
|"Democratic National Conventions||Succeeded by
"New York, New York