With this accession, "Cyrillic became the third official alphabet of the EU, after the "Latin and "Greek alphabets. Cyrillic will also be featured on the "euro banknotes and the national ("obverse) side of the "Bulgarian euro coins. The "ECB and the "EU Commission insisted that Bulgaria change the official name of the currency from ЕВРО (EVRO) (as accepted) to ЕУРО (EURO), claiming that the currency should have a standard spelling and pronunciation across the EU. For details, see "Linguistic issues concerning the euro. The issue was decisively resolved in favour of Bulgaria at the "2007 EU Summit in "Lisbon, allowing Bulgaria to use the Cyrillic spelling евро on all official EU documents.
The date of accession, 1 January 2007, was set at the "Thessaloniki Summit in 2003 and confirmed in "Brussels on 18 June 2004. Bulgaria, Romania and the EU-25 signed the "Treaty of Accession on 25 April 2005 at "Luxembourg's "Neumuenster Abbey.
The 26 September 2006 monitoring report of the "European Commission confirmed the entry date as 1 January 2007. The last instrument of ratification of the Treaty of Accession was deposited with the Italian government on 20 December 2006 thereby ensuring it came into force on 1 January 2007.
Some member states of the EU required Bulgarians and Romanians to acquire a permit to work, whilst members of all other old member states do not require one. In the "Treaty of Accession 2005, there is a clause about a transition period so each old EU member state can impose such 2+3+2 transitional periods. Restrictions were planned to remain in place until 1 January 2014 – 7 years after their accession.
|Another EU member state||Bulgaria||Romania|
|Finland||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Sweden||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Cyprus||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Estonia||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Latvia||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Lithuania||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Poland||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Czech Republic||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Slovakia||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Slovenia||1 January 2007||1 January 2007|
|Portugal||1 January 2009||1 January 2009|
|Spain||1 January 2009||1 January 2009 (reintroduced on 1 January 2011 and removed on 1 January 2014)|
|Greece||1 January 2009||1 January 2009|
|Denmark||1 January 2009||1 January 2009|
|Hungary||1 January 2009||1 January 2009|
|Italy||1 January 2012||1 January 2012|
|Ireland||1 January 2012||1 January 2012|
|France||1 January 2014||1 January 2014|
|Germany||1 January 2014||1 January 2014|
|Austria||1 January 2014||1 January 2014|
|Belgium||1 January 2014||1 January 2014|
|Netherlands||1 January 2014||1 January 2014|
|Luxembourg||1 January 2014||1 January 2014|
|United Kingdom||1 January 2014||1 January 2014|
|Malta||1 January 2014||1 January 2014|
While both countries were admitted, concerns about corruption and organised crime were still high. As a result, although they joined, they were subject to monitoring from the Commission through a "Mechanism for Cooperation and Verification (CVM) . It was initially set up for three years but has continued indefinitely and although it has highlighted the corruption and applied some pressure to continue reforms, it has not succeeded in forcing the two countries to complete reforms and corruption persists.
The accession treaty granted Bulgaria and Romania a seat, like every other state, on the Commission. Bulgaria nominated "Meglena Kuneva, from "NDSV who was given the post of "Commissioner for Consumer Protection in the "Barroso Commission, from 1 January 2007 until 31 October 2009. She was nominated in 2006 by the then current "Bulgarian Prime Minister "Sergei Stanishev. Romania nominated "Leonard Orban, an independent, who was made "Commissioner for Multilingualism in the "Barroso Commission, from 1 January 2007 until 31 October 2009. He was nominated in 2006 by the previous "Romanian Prime Minister "Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu. Both were approved by Parliament to become Commissioners upon accession.
Upon accession Bulgaria's 18 and Romania's 35 observer "MEPs became full voting representatives until each state held an election for the posts, which were mandated to happen before the end of the year. Bulgaria held its "election on 20 May 2007 and "Romania on 25 November 2007.