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Abarth & C. S.p.A.
"Società per Azioni
Industry "Automotive
Founded 31 March 1949; 69 years ago (1949-03-31)
Founder "Carlo Abarth
Headquarters "Turin[1]:304, "Italy
Area served
"EMEA[1]:44
Key people
Owner "Fiat Chrysler Automobiles
"Parent "FCA Italy
Website www.abarth.it

Abarth & C. S.p.A. is an "Italian racing car and road car maker founded by Italo-Austrian "Carlo Abarth in 1949.[3] Its logo is a shield with a stylized "scorpion on a yellow and red background.[4] Abarth & C. S.p.A. is a fully owned "subsidiary of "FCA Italy S.p.A. (formerly Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A.), the subsidiary of "Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (formerly of "Fiat S.p.A.) controlling its European automotive production activities.

Contents

History[edit]

1949: Abarth & C.[edit]

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A 1950 205A, one of the first Abarth cars

Carlo Abarth was "sporting director of the "Cisitalia factory racing team starting in 1947.[5] 1948 saw the financial downfall of Cisitalia, spurred by the investments needed to put the "202 coupé into production. The following year the manufacturer folded, and founder "Piero Dusio flew to "Argentina. Carlo Abarth, funded by Armando Scagliarini,[a] took over Cisitalia's assets and on 31 March 1949 Abarth & C. was founded in "Bologna.[6][7] Carlo's astrological sign, "Scorpio, was chosen as the company logo. From the Cisitalia liquidation Abarth obtained five 204 sports cars (two complete Spiders and three unfinished), a D46 "single seater and various spares.[5] The 204s were immediately rechristened Abarth 204 A.[5] Abarth built and raced sports cars developed from the last "Cisitalia cars. In addition to Guido Scagliarini, the «Squadra Abarth» racing team lined up celebrated drivers such as "Tazio Nuvolari, "Franco Cortese and "Piero Taruffi. Notably Tazio Nuvolari made his last appearance in racing at the wheel of an Abarth 204 A, winning its class in the Palermo–Monte Pellegrino "hillclimb on 10 April 1950.[8] Alongside racing, the company's main activity was producing and selling accessories and performance parts for Fiat, "Lancia, Cisitalia and "Simca cars, like "inlet manifolds and "silencers.[9]

On 9 April 1951 the company's headquarters were moved to "Turin;[7] Abarth began his well-known association with "Fiat in 1952, when it built the "Abarth 1500 Biposto on Fiat mechanicals.[10]

In the 1960s, Abarth was successful in "hillclimbing and "sports car racing, mainly in classes from 850cc to 2000cc, competing with "Porsche 904 and "Ferrari Dino. "Hans Herrmann was a factory driver from 1962 until 1965, winning the "500 km Nürburgring in 1963 with "Teddy Pilette.[11]

Abarth promised Johann Abt that he could race a factory car free if he won all the races he entered.["when?] Abt almost succeeded: of the 30 races he entered, Abt won 29 and finished second once.["when?][11] Abt later founded "Abt Sportsline.

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Abarth 595, derived from the Fiat 500

Abarth produced high-performance exhaust pipes, diversifying into tuning kits for road vehicles, mainly for Fiat. A racing exhaust was produced for the 1950s "Lambretta models "D" and "LD". Original Abarth LD exhausts are now valuable collectors items. Reproductions are available which carry the Abarth name, how Fiat feels about this is not known. Lambretta even held several 125cc Motorcycle land speed records during the 1950s thanks partly to the exhaust that Abarth developed for them.[12][13]

Abarth also helped build sports or racing cars with "Porsche[14] and "Simca.

1971: Fiat takeover[edit]

Carlo sold Abarth to Fiat on 31 July 1971.[11] The acquisition was only made public by Fiat with a press release on 15 October.[15] As Fiat was not interested in the Reparto Corse racing operations, these were taken over by "Enzo Osella.[11] Osella obtained cars, spares, technicians and drivers (amongst them "Arturo Merzario), and continued the racing activity founding the "Osella racing team.[16] Thus ended for Abarth the days of sport prototype and hill climb racing.

Under Fiat ownership, Abarth became the Fiat Group's racing department, managed by engine designer "Aurelio Lampredi.[11] Abarth prepared Fiat's rally cars, including the "Fiat 124 Abarth Rally and "131 Abarth.[11] In December 1977, in advance of the 1978 racing season, the beforehand competing Abarth and "Squadra Corse Lancia factory racing operations were merged by Fiat into a single entity named EASA (Ente per l'Attività Sportiva Automobilistica, Organization for Car Sports Racing Activities).[17] "Cesare Fiorio (previously in charge of the Lancia rally team) was appointed director, while "Daniele Audetto was "sporting director; the EASA headquarters were set up in Abarth's Corso Marche (Turin) offices.[17] The combined racing department developed the "Lancia Beta Montecarlo Turbo "Group 5 racing car which won the "1980 World Championship for Makes and the "1981 World Endurance Championship of Makes. It also created the "Lancia Rally 037 "Group B rally car which won for Lancia the "1983 "World Manufacturers' Championship).

On 1 October 1981, Abarth & C. ceased to exist and was replaced by Fiat Auto Gestione Sportiva, a division of the parent company specialized in the management of racing programmes that would remain in operation through to the end of 1999, when it changed to Fiat Auto Corse S.p.A.

Some commercial models built by Fiat or its subsidiaries "Lancia and "Autobianchi were co-branded Abarth, including the "Autobianchi A112 Abarth, a popular ""boy racer" because it was lightweight and inexpensive.

In the 1980s, Abarth name was mainly used to mark performance cars, such as the "Fiat Ritmo Abarth 125/130 TC.

In 2000s, Fiat used the Abarth brand to designate a trim/model level, as in the "Fiat Stilo Abarth.

2007: Rebirth of Abarth & C. S.p.a.[edit]

On 1 February 2007 Abarth was re-established as an independent unit with the launch of the current company, Abarth & C. S.p.a.,[18] controlled 100% by Fiat Group Automobiles S.p.A., the "subsidiary of Fiat S.p.A. dealing with the production and selling of "passenger cars and "light commercial vehicles. The first model launched was the "Abarth Grande Punto and the Abarth Grande Punto S2000. The brand is based in the Officine 83, part of the old Mirafiori engineering plant.[19] The "CEO is Harald Wester.[20]

In 2015, Abarth's parent company was renamed "FCA Italy S.p.A., reflecting the incorporation of "Fiat S.p.A. into "Fiat Chrysler Automobiles that took place in the previous months.

Yamaha XSR900 Abarth[edit]

Abarths collaboration with "Yamaha to produce for 2017 a limited-edition "Sport Heritage café racer special", the "XSR900 Abarth based on Yamahas XSR900 847 cc "inline-triple neo-retro "standard.[21]

Production[edit]

Current models[edit]

"Abarth 500 "Abarth 500C "Abarth 124 Spider Abarth 695 Biposto
""2017 Abarth 595 Trofeo 1.4 Front.jpg ""Abarth 500C rear Poznan 2011.jpg ""Abarth 124 Spider (17).JPG
""Abarth 695 biposto.JPG
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Fiat Abarth 750
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Abarth 209A Boano Coupe
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Abarth race cars
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Fiat Abarth 1000
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1961 Abarth Monomille, rebodied Fiat 600 chassis[23]

Cars produced by Abarth[edit]

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"Fiat 131 Abarth driven by "Markku Alén at the 1978 "1000 Lakes Rally

Cars not produced by Abarth but with Abarth badges[edit]

Cars produced under Abarth & C. S.p.A. (2007–)[edit]

Cars produced by other manufacturers with involvement from Abarth[edit]

Cars produced under Fiat Corse – N Technology named Abarth[edit]

Motorsport[edit]

Rally[edit]

Year Car Driver 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 DC Points MC Points
"2007 "Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 "Italy "Andrea Navarra "KEN
1
"TUR
2
"BEL
3
RUS
4
POR
Ret
"CZE
7
"ITA
10
"SWI
Ret
"CHI 3rd 32 2nd 90
"Italy Umberto Scandola "KEN
Ret
"TUR "BEL
5
RUS POR "CZE "ITA
4
"SWI
3
"CHI 6th 15
"Finland "Anton Alén "KEN "TUR
4
"BEL RUS
1
POR "CZE
Ret
"ITA "SWI "CHI 7th 15
"Italy "Giandomenico Basso "KEN "TUR "BEL RUS POR
1
"CZE "ITA
2
"SWI "CHI 5th 18
"2008 "Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 "Italy "Giandomenico Basso "TUR
Ret
"POR
4
"BEL
6
RUS
3
POR
2
"CZE
Ret
"ESP
1
"ITA
1
"SWI
5
"CHI 3rd 32 2nd 74
"Finland "Anton Alén "TUR
3
"POR
Ret
"BEL
11
RUS
2
POR "CZE
Ret
"ESP
6
"ITA
8
"SWI
6
"CHI 5th 21
"Italy Umberto Scandola "TUR "POR "BEL RUS POR
7
"CZE "ESP "ITA
Ret
"SWI
Ret
"CHI 28th 2
"Italy "Renato Travaglia "TUR "POR "BEL RUS POR "CZE "ESP "ITA
4
"SWI "CHI 6th* 19*
"Italy Alessio Pissi "TUR "POR "BEL RUS POR "CZE "ESP "ITA
13
"SWI "CHI - 0
"Italy "Andrea Navarra "TUR "POR "BEL RUS POR "CZE "ESP "ITA
Ret
"SWI "CHI - 0
"2009 "Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 "Italy "Giandomenico Basso "MON
5
BRA
3
"KEN "POR
Ret
"BEL
8
RUS
3
POR
1
"CZE
Ret
"ESP
8
"ITA "SCO 5th 28 4th 43
"Finland "Anton Alén "MON
Ret
BRA
Ret
"KEN "POR
14
"BEL RUS
7
POR "CZE "ESP "ITA "SCO 34th 3
"Italy "Luca Rossetti "MON
Ret
BRA "KEN "POR "BEL RUS POR
Ret
"CZE
10
"ESP "ITA
2
"SCO 10th 8
"Belgium Bernd Casier "MON BRA "KEN "POR "BEL
14
RUS POR "CZE "ESP "ITA "SCO - 0
"Spain Miguel Fuster "MON BRA "KEN "POR "BEL RUS POR "CZE "ESP
Ret
"ITA "SCO - 0
"Italy Umberto Scandola "MON BRA "KEN "POR "BEL RUS POR "CZE "ESP "ITA
11
"SCO - 0
"Belgium "François Duval "MON BRA "KEN "POR "BEL RUS POR "CZE "ESP "ITA
Ret
"SCO - 0
"2010 "Fiat Grande Punto Abarth S2000 "Italy "Luca Rossetti "MON "BRA "ARG "CAN "ITA "BEL "AZO "MAD "CZE "ITA
5
"SCO "CYP 22nd 4 6th 6
"Italy "Giandomenico Basso "MON "BRA "ARG "CAN "ITA "BEL "AZO "MAD "CZE "ITA
7
"SCO "CYP 36th 2

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Father of Cisitalia racing driver Guido Scagliarini

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2014 Annual Report (PDF), "Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, retrieved 13 March 2015 
  2. ^ "Alfredo Altavilla - FCA Group". www.fcagroup.com. Retrieved 22 March 2018. 
  3. ^ "Abarth wants 100 dealers in Europe". autonews.com. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  4. ^ "Abarth Logo: Design and History". Famouslogos.net. Retrieved 2011-07-28. 
  5. ^ a b c Boscarelli, Lorenzo. Abarth: le corse. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; "Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 3–25. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015. 
  6. ^ Avidano, Renzo. Carlo Abarth - Il compendio di una vita per le auto e le corse. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; "Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 29–32. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Karl Abarth, the man and his history". bernimotori.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Quando venne a Torino per la sua ultima gara". "Stampa Sera. 13 August 1953. p. 5. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Le attrattive del Salone". "Stampa Sera. 12 April 1951. p. 2. Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "1952 Abarth 1500 Biposto Coupé". rickcarey.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f "The history of Abarth". abarthcarsuk.com. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  12. ^ "125 Model D Racer". racinglambrettas.com. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Lambretta World Land Speed Record Scooter". lambrettista.net. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "Porsche 356B Carrera GTL Abarth". porschearchive.com. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  15. ^ "L'Abarth entra nel gruppo Fiat". "La Stampa. 16 October 1971. p. 17. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  16. ^ Avidano, Renzo. I rapporti con la Fiat. Abarth: l'uomo e le sue auto; "Fiorenzuola d'Arda, 9 May 2010. Monografie AISA (in Italian). 90. Associazione Italiana per la Storia dell'Automobile. pp. 33–35. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 February 2015. 
  17. ^ a b Fenu, Michele (6 December 1977). "Rally, Fiat e Lancia si uniscono in un nuovo "super-squadrone"". "La Stampa. p. 17. Retrieved 13 March 2015. 
  18. ^ Borgomeo, Vincenzo (23 January 2007). "Svolta Fiat: torna l'Abarth e diventa marchio indipendente". "La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 7 September 2014. 
  19. ^ Abarth's new premises in Turin from duemotori.it (18 Feb 2008)
  20. ^ "Nominato il nuovo CEO di Abarth" (in Italian). 
  21. ^ "XSR900 Abarth". "Yamaha. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  22. ^ Biposto, Italian for two-seater
  23. ^ "The Abarth Monomille". scuderialafortuna.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 
  24. ^ Authentic USA-Spec Abarth: 1958 Fiat 750 Retrieved on 2 April 2011
  25. ^ Abarth 209A Boano Coupe, www.ultimatecarpage.com Retrieved on 15 July 2014
  26. ^ The Observer's Book of Automobiles, Thirteenth Edition, 1967, page 27

External links[edit]

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