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ʿAbd-Al-Razzāq B. ʿAlī B. Al-Hosayn Lāhījī (died c. 1072 "AH [1662 CE]) was an Iranian theologian, poet and philosopher.[1] His mentor in philosophy was his father-in-law "Mulla Sadra.

Contents

Life[edit]

Hailing from "Lahijan in "Gilan, he spent most of his life in "Qom. Abd al--Razzaq was a son-in-law of "Mulla Sadra along with Molla Mohsen Feyz Kashani.[2] His son "Hasan would become another prominent theologian and philosopher of the Safavid dynasty.[3] Seyyed "Hossein Nasr knows him among the intellectual figures in Persia.[4] Abd al--Razzaq was in agreement with Molla Sadra as to the contrast between primacy of "quiddity and primacy of existence.[5]

Works[edit]

Teaching and pupils[edit]

According to Madlung, Abd-Razzaq taught at the Masumieh madrasah. There his prominent pupils included his sons Hasan and Ebrahim as well as Qazi Saeed Qommi.[6]

Philosophy[edit]

Lāhīǰī stands at the end of a transition in Islamic scholastic theology in which the thought system of "kalam was gradually replaced by that of "falsafa, heavily influenced by the school of "Avicenna.[1] Lahiji in fact developed a form of Kalam which is hardly distinguishable from Hikmat, although at least in his better known works such as the "Gawhar-e morād" he does not follow the main doctrinal teachings of Mulla Sadra, as on the unity of Being and the catharsis of the faculty of imagination.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b W. Madelung, "ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ LĀHĪJĪ" in Encyclopaedia Iranica
  2. ^ SAJJAD H. RIZVI in Josef Meri,p.531.2006
  3. ^ Ostadi Reza, Hasan Lahiji and his cradle of certainty, p.88, Mirath Javid Magazine (in Persian)
  4. ^ Nasr in Expectation of the Millennium : Shiìsm in History,p.165.1989
  5. ^ Morris Zailan, Revelation, Intellectual Intuition and Reason in the Philosophy of Mulla Sadra: An Analysis of the Al-hikmah Al-'arshiyyah, p.196.1392 Ap.
  6. ^ "ʿABD-AL-RAZZĀQ LĀHĪJĪ". 
  7. ^ Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 6 - The Timurid and Safavid Periods, p.691
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