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Abū Ḥātim Aḥmad ibn Ḥamdān al-Rāzī ("Persian: ابو حاتم احمد بن حمدان الرازی‎) was a "Persian "Ismaili philosopher of the 9th century, who died in 322 AH (935 CE).[1][2] He was also the "Da'i al-Mutlaq (chief missionary) of "Ray and the leader of the "Ismaili "da'wah in Central "Persia.



He was born in "Rayy near modern "Tehran. He was a contemporary of "Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi and engaged in debates with him.




  1. ^ Abi Bakr Mohammadi Filii Zachariæ (Razis): Opera philosophica fragmentaque quae supersunt collegit et edidit PAULUS KRAUS. Pars prior. (Universitatis Fouadi I Litterarum Facultatis Publicationum fasc. XXII). Cairo, 1939. p. 291. Editor mentions that this date is mentioned only in كتاب لسان الميزان
  2. ^ Henry Corbin, "The voyage and the messenger: Iran and philosophy", North Atlantic Books, 1998. pg 74: "Virtually all its greatest exponents covering the period from the ninth to the eleventh century C.E. show obvious Iranian affiliation. Examples are Abu Hatim Razi)"
  3. ^ Parallel Arabic-English edition, translated, introduced, and annotated by Tarif Khalidi, Brigham Young University Press, 2012, Islamic Translation Series ("ISBN "9780842527873).
  4. ^ H. Landolt in Encyclopedia of Arabic Literature, volume 1, edited by Julie Scott Meisami, Paul Starkey, p. 34.
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