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Adna Chaffee
""AdnaChaffee.jpg
General Adna R. Chaffee
Born (1842-04-14)April 14, 1842
"Orwell, Ohio
Died November 1, 1914(1914-11-01) (aged 72)
"Los Angeles, "California
Place of burial "Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  "United States of America
Service/branch  "United States Army
Years of service 1861–1906
Rank ""Union army lt gen rank insignia.jpg "Lieutenant General
Commands held "Department of the East
"Chief of Staff of the United States Army
Battles/wars

"American Civil War

"Indian Wars

"Spanish–American War

"Boxer Rebellion

"Philippine–American War

Other work Public Servant

Adna Romanza Chaffee (April 14, 1842 – November 1, 1914) was a "lieutenant general in the "United States Army. Chaffee took part in the "American Civil War and "Indian Wars, played a key role in the "Spanish–American War, and fought in the "Boxer Rebellion in "China. He was the "Chief of Staff of the United States Army from 1904 to 1906, overseeing far-reaching transformation of organization and doctrine in the army.

Contents

Civil War[edit]

Chaffee was born in "Orwell, "Ohio. When the "American Civil War broke out in July 1861, Chaffee enlisted in the "Union Army as a "Private in the "U.S. 6th Cavalry Regiment. In 1862, Chaffee was promoted to "sergeant and took part in the "Peninsular Campaign and the "Battle of Antietam. In September of that year he was made the "First Sergeant of Company K. He was commissioned as a "Second Lieutenant in May 1863. His 6th Cavalry, on detached service from General John Buford's 1st Union Cavalry Division, though outnumbered attacked a Confederate Cavalry regiment at Fairfield, Pennsylvania, just outside Gettysburg on July 3, 1863 (source, Wittenberg, Eric: Gettysburg: Forgotten Cavalry Actions). In the ensuing action he was wounded and briefly held a prisoner of the Confederates. He served with the 6th Cavalry for the remainder of the war, being twice wounded. In February 1865, he was promoted to "First Lieutenant. For his "gallant and meritorious" actions in the "Battle of Dinwiddie Court House he was "brevetted "captain.

After the War, Chaffee became a member of the "Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States.

Indian Wars[edit]

Chaffee decided to remain with the army after the war. He was posted to the western frontier, and was promoted to captain of "Regulars in October 1867. For the next thirty years he served in the "Indian Wars, fighting the "Central Plains and "Southwestern tribes. In 1868, he was brevetted "major for his actions at "Paint Creek, "Texas. In the following years he engaged the Indians many times, most notably at "Red River, "Texas, in 1874, and "Big Dry Wash, "Arizona, in 1882, for which he was brevetted "lieutenant colonel.

In July 1888 he was promoted to major and transferred to the "9th Cavalry. From 1894 to 1896, he was an instructor of tactics at the Army's Infantry and Cavalry School at "Fort Leavenworth. In June 1897 he was promoted to "colonel and transferred to the "3rd Cavalry, where he served as commandant of the Cavalry School at "Fort Riley until 1898.

Spanish–American War[edit]

With the outbreak of the "Spanish–American War in 1898, he was assigned a brigade and was promoted to "brigadier general of "volunteers in May of that year, and in July after the victory at "El Caney, to "major general of volunteers. From late 1898 to May 1900, he served as the chief of staff to the military governor of Cuba, General "Leonard Wood, being promoted to colonel of regulars in May 1899. He was a member of Society of the Army of Santiago, a military society for officers who had served in Cuba.

Boxer Rebellion[edit]

In June 1900, the "Boxer Rebellion broke out in "China. Chaffee was sent to China in July as the commander of the U.S. Army's "China Relief Expedition. The Expedition was a part of the international force sent to rescue Western citizens and put down the rebellion. Chaffee participated in the "Gaselee Expedition and subsequently the "Battle of Peking (1900), in which the legations were relieved.

He was one of the founders of the "Military Order of the Dragon, a military society for officers who had served in China during the Boxer Rebellion. He served as the society's president from its founding in 1900 until his death.

Later military service[edit]

In February 1901, he was promoted to major general in the Regular Army. From July of that year until October 1902, he served as the "military governor of the "Philippines. This included the beginning of the second phase of the "Philippine Insurrection. In October 1902, he became commander of the "Department of the East, a position he held until October 1903.

In January 1904, he was promoted to lieutenant general and, from January 9, 1904, until January 14, 1906, served as the "Chief of Staff of the United States Army. At his own request, he was retired on February 1, 1906.

In his retirement, he moved to "Los Angeles, where he was appointed president of the Board of Public Works for the city of "Los Angeles.

Family[edit]

""
""
Adna Chaffee Jr.

Chaffee was married twice; in September 1867 he married Kate Haynie Reynolds, a young widow who died two and a half years later.[1]

In 1875, he married Annie Frances Rockwell. Their son "Adna R. Chaffee Jr., also became a general and was one of the fathers of the "U.S. Army’s "armored forces.

Dates of rank[edit]

Rank Date Component
              "Private 22 July 1861 "Union Army
""Confederate States of America Sergeant-Artillery.svg "Sergeant 1862 Union Army
""Confederate States of America First Sergeant.jpg "First Sergeant September 1862 Union Army
""Union 2nd lt rank insignia.svg "Second Lieutenant 13 March 1863 Union Army
""Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg "First Lieutenant 22 February 1865 Union Army
""Union army cpt rank insignia.jpg "Captain 12 October 1867 "Regular Army
""Union army maj rank insignia.jpg "Major 7 July 1888 Regular Army
""Union army lt col rank insignia.jpg "Lieutenant Colonel 1 June 1897 Regular Army
""Union army brig gen rank insignia.jpg "Brigadier General 4 May 1898 "Volunteers
""Union army maj gen rank insignia.jpg"Major General 8 July 1898 Volunteers
""Union Army colonel rank insignia.png "Colonel 8 May 1899 Regular Army
""Union army maj gen rank insignia.jpg "Major General 4 February 1901 Regular Army
""Union army lt gen rank insignia.jpg "Lieutenant General 9 January 1904 Regular Army

Tributes[edit]

A historical marker[2] documenting Chaffee's birthplace stands in "Orwell, Ohio.

The city of "Chaffee, Missouri, was named in his honor when founded in 1905.

The "M24 Chaffee tank was named after his son.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
"Samuel B.M. Young
"Chief of Staff of the United States Army
1904–1906
Succeeded by
"John C. Bates
) )