|Member of the "U.S. House of Representatives
from "Florida's "20th district
January 3, 1993
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Judge of the "United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida|
November 2, 1979 – October 20, 1989
|Nominated by||"Jimmy Carter|
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||"Federico Moreno|
|Born||Alcee Lamar Hastings
September 5, 1936
"Altamonte Springs, "Florida, U.S.
"Fisk University ("BA)
"Florida A&M University ("JD)
Alcee Lamar Hastings "// (born September 5, 1936) is the "U.S. Representative for "Florida's 20th congressional district. The district includes most of the majority-black precincts in and around "Fort Lauderdale and "West Palm Beach. A "Democrat, he served as a judge on the "United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida until his impeachment and removal.
Born in "Altamonte Springs, Florida, Hastings was educated at "Howard University in "Washington, D.C. and "Fisk University in "Nashville, Tennessee. He earned his "bachelor's degree in "zoology and "botany from Fisk in 1958. He attended "Howard University School of Law from 1958 to 1960, and received his "law degree from "Florida A&M University in 1963. While in school, he became a member of the "Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity. He was admitted to the bar in 1963, and began to "practice law.
Hastings decided to run for "U.S. Senate in 1970 after incumbent "Spessard Holland decided to retire. He failed to win the Democratic primary, or make the run-off election. He ranked fourth out of five candidates, receiving 13% of the vote. Governor "Farris Bryant ranked first with 33% of the vote. "Lawton Chiles ranked second with 26% of the vote. Chiles defeated Bryant in the run-off election and won the November general election.
In 1981, Hastings was charged with accepting a $150,000 bribe in exchange for a lenient sentence and a return of seized assets for 21 counts of "racketeering by Frank and Thomas Romano, and of perjury in his testimony about the case. In 1983, he was acquitted by a jury after his alleged co-conspirator, William Borders, refused to testify in court, resulting in a jail sentence for Borders.
In 1988, the Democratic-controlled U.S. House of Representatives took up the case, and Hastings was "impeached for bribery and "perjury by a vote of 413–3. He was then convicted in 1989 by the "United States Senate, becoming the sixth federal judge in the history of the "United States to be removed from office by the Senate. The Senate, in two hours of roll calls, voted on 11 of the 17 articles of impeachment. It convicted Hastings of eight of the 11 articles. The vote on the first article was 69 for and 26 opposed.
The Senate had the option to forbid Hastings from ever seeking federal office again, but did not do so. Alleged co-conspirator attorney William Borders went to jail again for refusing to testify in the impeachment proceedings, but was later given a full pardon by President "Bill Clinton on his last day in office.
Hastings filed suit in federal court claiming that his impeachment trial was invalid because he was tried by a Senate committee, not in front of the full Senate, and that he had been acquitted in a criminal trial. Judge "Stanley Sporkin ruled in favor of Hastings, remanding the case to the Senate, but stayed his ruling pending the outcome of an appeal to the "Supreme Court in a similar case regarding Judge "Walter Nixon, who had also been impeached and removed.
Sporkin found some "crucial distinctions" between Nixon's case and Hastings', specifically, that Nixon had been convicted criminally, and that Hastings was not found guilty by two-thirds of the committee who actually "tried" his impeachment in the Senate. He further added that Hastings had a right to trial by the full Senate.
The Supreme Court, however, ruled in "Nixon v. United States that the federal courts have no jurisdiction over Senate impeachment matters, so Sporkin's ruling was vacated and Hastings's conviction and removal were upheld.
Hastings attempted to make a political comeback by running for "Secretary of State of Florida, campaigning on a platform of legalizing "casinos. In a three-way Democratic primary, he placed second with 33% of the vote, behind newspaper columnist Jim Minter's 38% of the vote. In the "runoff, which saw a large dropoff in turnout, Minter defeated him, 67%-33%. He won just one of "Florida's 67 counties: "Miami-Dade. Minter went on to lose in the general election to incumbent Republican, "James C. Smith.
Hastings was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1992, representing "Florida's 23rd district. After placing second in the initial Democratic primary for the post, he scored an upset victory over state representative "Lois J. Frankel in the runoff and went on to easily win election in the heavily-Democratic district. From that point on he has yet to face a serious challenge for reelection. Subsequent to redistricting and the 2012 election, Alcee Hastings represents "Florida's 20th district beginning January 2013.
Hastings is a member of the "Congressional Black Caucus and was elected president of the "Parliamentary Assembly of the "Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe in July 2004. Today, as a senior Democratic whip, Hastings is an influential member of the Democratic leadership. Hastings is also a member of the powerful "House Rules Committee and is a senior member of the "House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence (HPSCI). On the HPSCI, Hastings is the chairman of the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations.
After the "2006 United States House of Representatives elections, Hastings attracted attention after it was reported that incoming "House Speaker "Nancy Pelosi might appoint him as head of the "House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. He had support from the "Congressional Black Caucus, but was opposed by the "Blue Dog Coalition. Hastings attacked his critics as “misinformed fools.” Pelosi reportedly favored Hastings instead of the ranking Democrat "Jane Harman due to policy differences and support by the Congressional Black Caucus. On November 28, 2006, Pelosi announced that Hastings would not be the Committee's chairman, and later she chose "Silvestre Reyes (D-TX) instead. While Hastings was passed over to chair the committee, he became chair of a sub-committee. He told the "National Journal that “I am not angry. At some point along the way, it became too much to explain. That is legitimate politics. But it’s unfortunate for me.”
On September 24, 2008, Hastings came under fire for comments he made regarding "Republican vice-presidential candidate "Sarah Palin. Hastings, speaking in "Washington D.C. to a conference sponsored by the National Jewish Democratic Council, said "If Sarah Palin isn't enough of a reason for you to get over whatever your problem is with "Barack Obama, then you damn well had better pay attention. Anybody toting guns and stripping moose don't care too much about what they do with Jews and blacks. So, you just think this through." 
On September 29, 2008, Hastings issued an apology via a written statement, while standing by its core message: "I regret the comments I made last Tuesday that were not smart and certainly not relevant to hunters or sportsmen. The point I made, and will continue to make, is that the policies and priorities of a McCain-Palin administration would be anathema to most African Americans and Jews. I regret that I was not clearer and apologize to Governor Palin, my host where I was speaking, and those who my comments may have offended."
In May 2009, the "Wall Street Journal reported that Hastings spent over $24,000 in taxpayer money in 2008 to lease a luxury "Lexus hybrid sedan. The Journal noted that the expenditure was legal, properly accounted for, and drawn from an expense allowance the U.S. government grants to all lawmakers.
In March 2010, Hastings defended Democrats’ approach to passing the "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, saying "I wish that I had been there when "Thomas Edison made the remark that I think applies here: 'There ain't no rules around here, we're trying to accomplish something.' And therefore, when the deal goes down, all this talk about rules, we make them up as we go along."
In June 2011, a lawsuit filed by one of his staff members, Winsome Packer, alleged that Hastings made repeated unwanted sexual advances and threatened her job when she refused him. A congressional ethics panel investigated these claims. Packer was being represented by the conservative legal group "Judicial Watch. Hastings denied the claims and called them "ludicrous." He stated that "I will win this lawsuit. That is a certainty. In a race with a lie, the truth always wins. And when the truth comes to light and the personal agendas of my accusers are exposed, I will be vindicated.” In February 2012, it was reported that Hastings would be released from the lawsuit, and it would only continue against the "Helsinki Commission. In December of 2017, it was reported that the Treasury Department paid $220,000 to settle the lawsuit.
In a 2011 survey of U.S. lawmakers, the "Center for Responsive Politics named Hastings the "Poorest Member of Congress," with a 2010 average net worth of −$4,732,002. His congressional financial disclosure form indicated that, as of 2010, Hastings did not have any earned income, he had a bank account with a balance in the $1,000 to $15,000 range, and he owed several million dollars in legal fees to several attorneys stemming from the 1981–1989 charges.
In 2012, Hastings was ranked 1 out of 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives for paying salaries and fees to family members, according to the conservative watchdog group, "Judicial Watch. A state by state report on all members of Congress, published by the "Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, reported Hastings paid his girlfriend, Patricia Williams, an attorney who worked as his deputy district director, $622,574 over the four-year period, from 2007-2010.
After defeating two Democratic opponents in the primary, taking almost 80% of the vote, Hastings went on to win the general election on November 4, 2014, defeating Republican Jay Bonner, his margin being 81.60% to 18.40%.
|"Wikisource has original works written by or about:
|New seat||Judge of the "United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida
|"U.S. House of Representatives|
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from "Florida's 23rd congressional district
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|Member of the "U.S. House of Representatives
from "Florida's 20th congressional district
|President of the "Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
|"Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
|"United States Representatives by seniority
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