In April 1982 Haig conducted "shuttle diplomacy between the governments of "Argentina in "Buenos Aires and the "United Kingdom in "London after Argentina invaded the "Falkland Islands. Negotiations broke down and Haig returned to Washington on April 19. The British "fleet then entered the war zone. In December 2012 documents released under the UK "30 Year Rule" disclosed that Haig planned to reveal British classified military information to Argentina in advance of the recapture of "South Georgia. The proposal, which would have revealed British plans for the retaking of the island, was intended to show the military junta in Buenos Aires that the United States was a neutral player and could be trusted to act impartially during negotiations to end the conflict.
1982 Lebanon War
Haig's report to Reagan on January 30, 1982, shows that Haig feared that the Israelis might start a war against Lebanon. Critics accused Haig of "greenlighting" the "Israeli invasion of Lebanon in June 1982. Haig denied this and said he urged restraint.
Haig caused some alarm with his suggestion that a "nuclear warning shot" in Europe might be effective in deterring the "Soviet Union. His tenure as Secretary of State was often characterized by his clashes with the Defense Secretary, "Caspar Weinberger. Haig, who repeatedly had difficulty with various members of the Reagan administration during his year-and-a-half in office, decided to resign his post on June 25, 1982. President Reagan accepted his resignation on July 5. Haig was succeeded by "George P. Shultz, who was confirmed on July 16.
1988 Republican presidential nomination
Haig ran unsuccessfully for the "1988 Republican Party presidential nomination. Although he enjoyed relatively high name recognition, Haig never broke out of single digits in national public opinion polls. He was a fierce critic of then Vice President "George H. W. Bush, often doubting Bush's leadership abilities, questioning his role in the "Iran Contra Scandal, and using the word "wimp" in relation to Bush in an October 1987 debate in "Texas. Despite extensive personal campaigning and paid advertising in "New Hampshire, Haig remained stuck in last place in the polls. After finishing with less than 1% of the vote in the Iowa caucuses and trailing badly in the New Hampshire primary polls, Haig withdrew his candidacy and endorsed Senator "Bob Dole. Dole, steadily gaining on Bush after beating him handily a week earlier in the "Iowa caucus, ended up losing to Bush in the "New Hampshire primary by ten percentage points. With his momentum regained, Bush easily won the nomination.
In popular culture
In the 1982 "Police Squad! episode ""Testimony of Evil (Dead Men Don't Laugh)", Detectives Drebin and Hocken are looking at a small photograph of Alexander Haig on a slab in a morgue where Drebin states: "This is disgusting!" and Hocken states: "Yeah, I can't take looking at that sort of thing."
In the 1982 film "Airplane II: The Sequel, the bomber, Joe Seluchi ("Sonny Bono), is briefly seen reading a magazine titled Psycho of the Month with Haig on the front cover.
In the 1982 episode ""The Moral Dimension" of "Yes Minister, a plan is concocted to sneak alcohol into a strict Muslim country, necessitating the use of coded terminology. At one point, "Bernard Woolley approaches "Jim Hacker with a phone call from "Mr Haig", to which Jim queries "General Haig?", at which Bernard replies, "No, Mr. Haig. You know, "with the dimples."
In Part 2 of "The Simpsons episode ""Who Shot Mr. Burns?", a "mug shot of a battered and bruised "Homer Simpson is shown, in which he is wearing a "T-shirt with the "campaign slogan "Haig in '88" on it.
In the 1986 "Sledge Hammer! episode "Over My Dead Bodyguard", Captain Trunk is announced dead after several failed assassinations to prevent further attempts. Sledge Hammer then declares in a takeover ceremony in the precinct "But, in the words of the immortal Alexander Haig: 'As of now, I am in control.'".
Haig was played by "Powers Boothe in the 1995 film "Nixon, by "Matt Frewer in the 1995 TV miniseries Kissinger And Nixon, by "Richard Dreyfuss in the 2001 cable film "The Day Reagan Was Shot, by "Bill Smitrovich in the 2003 TV movie "The Reagans, by "Colin Stinton in the 2002 "The Falklands Play, by "Matthew Marsh in the 2011 film "The Iron Lady and by "Patrick St. Esprit in the 2016 television film "Killing Reagan.
Haig was also mentioned in the last level of "Interstate '82, where Ronald Reagan claims that Haig was pressured to resign from office by the president himself.
Haig is mentioned in the "Dead Kennedys song "We've Got a Bigger Problem Now", which was critical of Reagan's presidency.
In the "fourth episode of the first season of "The Americans, Haig's remark that he was "in control" after the attempted assassination attempt on Ronald Reagan is treated by the Soviets as indicative of a potential "coup in the U.S. government.
Later life, health and death
In 1980, Haig had a double "heart bypass operation.
In the 1980s and '90s, being the head of a consulting firm, he served as a director for various struggling businesses, the best-known probably being computer manufacturer "Commodore International.
Haig was the host for several years of the television program "World Business Review. At the time of his death, he was the host of 21st Century Business, with each program a weekly business education forum that included business solutions, expert interview, commentary and field reports. Haig served as a founding member of the advisory board of "Newsmax Media, which publishes the conservative web site, Newsmax.com. Haig was co-chairman of the American Committee for Peace in the Caucasus, along with "Zbigniew Brzezinski and "Stephen J. Solarz. A member of the "Washington Institute for Near East Policy (WINEP) Board of Advisors, Haig was also a founding Board Member of "America Online.
On January 5, 2006, Haig participated in a meeting at the "White House of former Secretaries of Defense and State to discuss United States foreign policy with Bush administration officials. On May 12, 2006, Haig participated in a second "White House meeting with 10 former Secretaries of State and Defense. The meeting including briefings by "Donald Rumsfeld and "Condoleezza Rice, and was followed by a discussion with President "George W. Bush. Haig's memoirs – Inner Circles: How America Changed The World – were published in 1992.
On February 19, 2010, a hospital spokesman revealed that the 85-year-old Haig had been hospitalized at "Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore since January 28 and remained in critical condition.
On February 20, Haig died at the age of 85, from "complications from a "staphylococcal infection that he had prior to admission. According to The New York Times, his brother, Frank Haig, said the Army was coordinating a Mass at "Fort Myer in Washington and an interment at Arlington National Cemetery, but both would be delayed by about two weeks due to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. A Mass of Christian Burial was held at the "Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in "Washington, D.C. on March 2, 2010. Eulogies were given by "Henry Kissinger and Sherwood D. Goldberg.
President "Barack Obama said in a statement that, "General Haig exemplified our finest warrior-diplomat tradition of those who dedicate their lives to public service." Secretary of State "Hillary Clinton described Haig as a man who "served his country in many capacities for many years, earning honor on the battlefield, the confidence of Presidents and Prime Ministers, and the thanks of a grateful nation."
Alexander Haig was married to Patricia (née Fox), with whom he had three children: Alexander Patrick Haig, Barbara Haig, and "Brian Haig. Haig's younger brother, "Frank Haig, is a "Jesuit priest and "professor emeritus of "physics at "Loyola University in Baltimore, Maryland. Alexander Haig's sister, Mrs. Regina Meredith, was a practicing attorney licensed in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and was a co-founding partner of the firm Meredith, Chase and Taggart, located in Princeton and Trenton, New Jersey. She died in 2008.
Awards and decorations
|"" "Combat Infantryman Badge|
|"" "SHAPE Badge|
|""||"Distinguished Service Cross|
|"Defense Distinguished Service Medal with "oak leaf cluster|
|""||"Army Distinguished Service Medal|
|"Silver Star with oak leaf cluster|
|"Legion of Merit with two oak leaf clusters|
|"Distinguished Flying Cross with two oak leaf clusters|
|"Bronze Star with ""V" Device and two oak leaf clusters|
|""""""||"Air Medal with "award numeral 27|
|""||"Army Commendation Medal|
- Unit Award
|""||"Valorous Unit Award|
- Service Medals
|""||"American Campaign Medal|
|""||"World War II Victory Medal|
|""||"Army of Occupation Medal|
|"National Defense Service Medal with oak leaf cluster|
|"Korean Service Medal with four "service stars|
|"Vietnam Service Medal with two service stars|
- Foreign Awards
- Alexander Haig, MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on October 31, 2009.
- "ALEXANDER M. HAIG, Assistant to the President: Files, 1973–74".
- "Premier Speakers Bureau". Archived from the original on January 14, 2010.
- Hohmann, James (February 21, 2010). "Alexander Haig, 85; soldier-statesman managed Nixon resignation". "The Washington Post. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved February 21, 2010.
- "Haig's Future Uncertain After a Shaky Start". Anchorage Daily News. April 11, 1981. Retrieved December 22, 2009.
- Alexander M. Haig, Jr. "Lessons of the forgotten war".
- "UT Biography". Archived from the original on May 11, 2013.
- Weiner, Tim. "Alexander M. Haig Jr. Dies at 85; Was Forceful Aide to 2 Presidents". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
- "West Point Citation".["verification needed]
- "Full Text Citations For Award of The Distinguished Service Cross, US Army Recipients – Vietnam".
- "Weiner, Tim (February 20, 2010). "Alexander M. Haig Jr., 85, Forceful Aide to 2 Presidents, Dies". "The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 21, 2010. Retrieved February 20, 2010.
- The Final Days, by Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, 1976, New York, Simon & Schuster; Shadow, by Bob Woodward, 1999, New York, Simon & Schuster, pp. 4–38.
- Haig: The General's Progress, by "Roger Morris (American writer), "Playboy Press, 1982, pp. 320–25.
- "German Guilty in '79 Attack At NATO on Alexander Haig". "The New York Times. November 25, 1993.
- Maykuth, Andrew (February 21, 2010). "Philadelphia dominated Haig's formative years". Philadelphia Inquirer.
- "New Atlanticist". Acus.org. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Fifty years among the new words: a dictionary of neologisms, 1941–1991, John Algeo, p.231
- Financial Times, London, March 21, 2009
- "Reagan selects half of Cabinet-level staff". Gadsden Times. Associated Press. December 11, 1980.
- Chace, James (April 22, 1984). "The Turbulent Tenure of Alexander Haig". The New York Times.
- LeoGrande, William (1998). Our Own Backyard: The United States in Central America, 1977–1992. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p. 70. "ISBN "0807898805.
- LeoGrande 1998, p. 89.
- "Alexander Haig". The Economist. February 25, 2010.
- "Church Women Ran Roadblock, Haig Theorizes". Pittsburgh Press. "UPI. March 19, 1981. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Michaels, Leonard; Ricks, Christopher (1990). The State of the Language (2nd ed.). Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 261. "ISBN "0520059069.
- "Alexander Haig". "Time. April 2, 1984. p. 22 of 24 page article. Archived from the original on April 6, 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2008.
- Tweedie, Neil (2012-12-28). "US wanted to warn Argentina about South Georgia". Telegraph. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Ronald Reagan edited by Douglas Brinkley (2007) The Reagan Diaries Harper Collins "ISBN 978-0-06-087600-5 p. 66 Saturday, January 30
- "Alexander Haig". "Time. April 9, 1984.
- Waller, Douglas C. Congress and the Nuclear Freeze: An Inside Look at the Politics of a Mass Movement, 1987. Page 19.
- 1982 Year in Review: Alexander Haig Resigns
- Ajemian, Robert; George J. Church; Douglas Brew (July 5, 1982). "The Shakeup at State". "Time. Archived from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved February 21, 2010.
- Short History of the Department of State, United States Department of State, Office of the Historian. Retrieved February 20, 2010.
- Dowd, Maureen (21 November 1987). "Haig, the Old Warrior, in New Battles". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- "Haig Calls Meeting to Discuss Campaign". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. 12 February 1988. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- Clifford, Frank (13 Feb 1988). "Haig Drops Out of GOP Race, Endorses Dole". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- Harold Jackson. "obituary". Guardian. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "Businessweek June 16, 1991". Businessweek.com. 1991-06-16. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "World Business Review with Alexander Haig". Archived from the original on October 25, 2006. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
- General Alexander M. Haig, Jr. joins Newsmax.com advisory board, "PR Newswire", June 21, 2001.
- "Business Wire AOL-TIme Warner announces its board of directors". Business Wire. January 12, 2001. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
- "President George W. Bush poses for a photo Thursday, January 5, 2006, in the Oval Office with former Secretaries of State and Secretaries of Defense from both Republican and Democratic administrations, following a meeting on the strategy for victory in Iraq". The White House. January 5, 2006. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
- "Bush discusses Iraq with former officials".
- "Haig, top adviser to 3 presidents, hospitalized". Associated Press. February 19, 2010. Archived from the original on February 20, 2010. Retrieved February 20, 2010.
- "Alexander M. Haig, Jr". West Point Association of Graduates. Retrieved August 9, 2011.
- "Alexander M. Haig Jr. Dies at 85; Was Forceful Aide to 2 Presidents". The New York Times. February 20, 2010.
- "Alexander Haig, former secretary of state, dies at 85". Washington Times. 2010-02-20. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Alexander M. Haig Jr., 85, forceful aide to 2 Presidents, dies
- Krebs, Albin (January 25, 1982). "NOTES ON PEOPLE; A Haig Inaugurated". New York Times. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
- The Price of Power: Kissinger in the Nixon White House, by "Seymour Hersh, Summit Books, "New York, 1983, "ISBN 0-671-50688-9.
- Caveat: Realism, Reagan and Foreign Affairs, by Alexander Haig, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 1984.
- Inner Circles: How America Changed the World, by Alexander M. Haig, Jr., and Charles McCarry, Grand Central Publishing, 1/02/1994
- Silent Coup: The Removal of a President, by Len Colodny and Robert Gettlin, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1991.
|""||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexander Haig.|
|""||Wikiquote has quotations related to: Alexander Haig|
- The Day Reagan was Shot article on Haig
- The Falklands: Failure of a Mission critique of Haig's mediation efforts
- Portrait of Alexander Haig by "Margaret Holland Sargent
- Appearances on "C-SPAN
- Alexander Haig at the "Internet Movie Database
- Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr at "Find a Grave
"Richard V. Allen
|"Deputy National Security Advisor
"H. R. Haldeman
|"White House Chief of Staff
|"United States Secretary of State
"George P. Shultz
"Bruce Palmer Jr.
|"Vice Chief of Staff of the Army
"Frederick C. Weyand
|"Supreme Allied Commander Europe
"Bernard W. Rogers