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In "Greek mythology, Angelos ("Ancient Greek: Ἄγγελος) or Angelia (Ἀγγελία) was a daughter of "Zeus and "Hera who became known as a "chthonic deity. Her story only survives in "scholia on "Theocritus' Idyll 2, and is as follows:

Angelos was raised by "nymphs to whose care her father had entrusted her. One day she stole her mother Hera's anointments and gave them away to "Europe. To escape Hera's wrath, she had to hide first in the house of a woman in labor, and next among people who were carrying a dead man. Hera eventually ceased from prosecuting her, and Zeus ordered the "Cabeiroi to cleanse Angelos. They performed the purification right in the waters of the "Acherusia Lake in the "Underworld. Consequently, she received the world of the dead as her realm of influence, and was assigned an epithet katachthonia ("she of the underworld").[1]

The story of Angelos is cited by the scholiast in a series of rare myths concerning the birth of "Hecate, which makes it possible to think that Angelos was essentially equal to Hecate. This is to some extent confirmed by the fact that, according to "Hesychius,[2] Angelos was a surname of "Artemis in "Syracuse, being that Artemis as goddess of the moon was identified with Hecate.[3] Angelos could be an early version of Hecate, the one that pertained both to the "upper world and the underworld, similar to the position of "Persephone.[4]


  1. ^ Scholia on Theocritus, Idyll 2. 12 referring to "Sophron
  2. ^ Hesychius s. v. Ἄγγελος, again referring to Sophron
  3. ^ Cf. e. g. scholia on Theocritus, Idyll 2. 33: "...she whom [the author] called Hecate above, is now referred to by him as Artemis, because there exists a certain similarity between the goddesses"
  4. ^ "Realencyclopädie der Classischen Altertumswissenschaft, Band I, Halbband 2, Alexandrou-Apollokrates (1894), s. 2189
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