"President "George Washington recalled Wayne from civilian life in order to lead an expedition in the "Northwest Indian War, which up to that point had been a disaster for the United States. Many "American Indians in the "Northwest Territory had sided with the British in the Revolutionary War. In the "Treaty of Paris that had ended the conflict, the British had ceded this land to the United States. The Indians, however, had not been consulted, and resisted annexation of the area by the United States. The "Western Indian Confederacy achieved major victories over U.S. forces in 1790 and 1791 under the leadership of "Blue Jacket of the "Shawnees and "Little Turtle of the "Miamis. They were encouraged and supplied by the British, who had refused to evacuate British fortifications in the region as called for in the Treaty of Paris.
Washington placed Wayne in command of a newly formed military force called the ""Legion of the United States". Wayne established a basic training facility at "Legionville to prepare professional soldiers for his force. Wayne's was the first attempt to provide "basic training for regular U.S. Army recruits and Legionville was the first facility established expressly for this purpose.
Wayne dispatched a force to "Ohio to establish "Fort Recovery as a base of operations, at the exact location of "St. Clair's Defeat. The provocative fort became a magnet for military skirmishes in the summer of 1794. Wayne's army continued northward, building strategically defensive forts ahead of the main force. On August 3, 1794, a tree fell on Wayne's tent. He survived, but was rendered unconscious. By the next day, he had recovered sufficiently to resume the march to the newly built "Fort Defiance. On August 20, 1794, Wayne mounted an assault on the Indian confederacy at the "Battle of Fallen Timbers, in modern "Maumee, Ohio (just south of present-day "Toledo), which was a decisive victory for the U.S. forces, ending the war. Wayne then continued to "Kekionga, where he oversaw the construction of "Fort Wayne.
Wayne then negotiated the "Treaty of Greenville between the tribal confederacy and the United States, which was signed on August 3, 1795. The treaty gave most of what is now Ohio to the United States, and cleared the way for that state to enter the Union in 1803.
Wayne died of complications from "gout on December 15, 1796, during a return trip to Pennsylvania from a military post in "Detroit, and was buried at "Fort Presque Isle (now "Erie, Pennsylvania) where the modern Wayne Blockhouse stands. His body was disinterred in 1809 and, after the body was boiled to remove the remaining flesh, as many bones as possible were placed into two saddlebags and relocated by his son "Isaac Wayne to the family plot in "St. David's Episcopal Church cemetery in "Radnor, Pennsylvania. A legend says that many bones were lost along the roadway that encompasses much of modern "U.S. Route 322, and that every January 1 (Wayne's birthday), his ghost wanders the highway searching for his lost bones.
On September 14, 1929, the U.S. Post Office issued a stamp honoring General Wayne which commemorated the 135th anniversary of the Battle of Fallen Timbers. The post office issued a series of stamps often referred to as the ""Two Cent Reds" by collectors, most of them issued to commemorate the 150th anniversaries of the many events that occurred during the "American Revolution and to honor people such as General Wayne and those others who were there during these times of struggle. The stamp shows "Bruce Saville's "Battle of Fallen Timbers Monument.
Municipalities and institutions
There are many political jurisdictions and institutions named after Wayne, especially in Ohio, Michigan, and Indiana, the region where he fought many of his battles.
- The City of "Fort Wayne, Indiana
- The City of "Wayne, Michigan
- The City of "Wayne, Nebraska
- The City of "Waynesboro, Georgia
- The City of "Waynesboro, Mississippi
- The City of "Waynesboro, Pennsylvania
- The City of "Waynesboro, Tennessee
- The City of "Waynesboro, Virginia
- The Village of "Wayne, Illinois
- The Village of "Waynesburg, Ohio
- The Village of "Waynesville, Ohio
- The Town of "Waynesville, North Carolina
- The Town of "Waynesville, Missouri
- The Township of "Wayne, New Jersey
- The community of "Wayne, Pennsylvania
- The community of "Waynedale, Fort Wayne, Indiana
- The community of Waynewood, Alexandria, Virginia
- "Wayne County, Georgia
- "Wayne County, Illinois
- "Wayne County, Indiana
- "Wayne County, Iowa
- "Wayne County, Kentucky
- "Wayne County, Michigan
- "Wayne County, Mississippi
- "Wayne County, Missouri
- "Wayne County, Nebraska
- "Wayne County, New York
- "Wayne County, North Carolina
- "Wayne County, Ohio
- "Wayne County, Pennsylvania
- "Wayne County, Tennessee
- "Wayne County, West Virginia
Forests and parks
- "Wayne National Forest in Ohio
- Anthony Wayne Recreation Area, part of "Harriman State Park, in New York State
- Anthony's Nose, the mountain on the east end of the Bear Mountain Bridge near Peekskill, New York
- Wayne Square, in Tallahassee, Florida – present location of City Hall and one of 5 public squares established in the city's original plan
- Wayne Park in "Beaver, Pennsylvania
Towns and Villages
- The town of "Wayne, Maine
- The town of "Waynesville, Missouri
- The town of "Wayne, New Jersey
- The town of "Wayne, New York
- The town of "Waynesville, North Carolina
- The village of "Wayne, Ohio
- The village of "Waynesville, Ohio
- The town of "Wayne, Oklahoma
- The town of "Wayne, Pennsylvania
- The town of "Wayne, West Virginia
- The town of "South Wayne, Wisconsin
- The town of "Waynesville, Georgia
- Wayne Township, Ohio
- "Wayne Township, Illinois
- Wayne Township, "Allen County, "Indiana
- "Wayne Township, Marion County (Indianapolis), Indiana
- The former Wayne Township, Montgomery County, Ohio (now the "City of Huber Heights)
- "Wayne Township, New Jersey
- "Wayne Township, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania
- the former Mad River Township and Mad River Township Local School District (now "Riverside, Ohio)
- The Village of "Wayne, Illinois
- The Village of "Waynesfield, Ohio
- The Village of "Waynesville, Illinois
- The Village of "Waynesville, Ohio
- The Village of "Wayne City, Illinois
- The Village of "Waynesburg, Ohio
Schools and Colleges
- "Anthony Wayne School in "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Anthony Wayne Elementary School in "Defiance, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne –Elementary School in "Franklin, Ohio
- Wayne Trace High School in Paulding, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne Middle School in "Wayne, New Jersey
- Anthony Wayne High School Whitehouse, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne Local Schools, "Ohio, whose sports teams are known as the "Fighting Generals"
- General Wayne Elementary School, in "Malvern, Pennsylvania
- Wayne County High School, in "Monticello, Kentucky
- Wayne Community Schools in "Corydon, Iowa
- "Wayne County Community College in "Detroit, Michigan
- Wayne Elementary School "Erie, Pennsylvania
- "Wayne High School, "Huber Heights, Ohio
- "Wayne High School (Oklahoma), "Wayne, Oklahoma
- "Wayne High School, "Fort Wayne, Indiana
- "Wayne State College, "Wayne, Nebraska
- "Wayne State University, "Detroit
- "Waynesboro Area Senior High School, "Waynesboro, Pennsylvania
- "Waynesboro High School in "Waynesboro, Virginia
- "Waynesburg University in "Waynesburg, Pennsylvania
- Waynesfield-Goshen Schools, "Waynesfield, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne Elementary School in Detroit, Michigan
- Wayne Trail Elementary School in Maumee, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne High School Whitehouse, OH
- Anthony Wayne Elementary School in Ambridge, Pennsylvania
- Wayne County High School (Waynesboro, Mississippi)
- "Wayne Memorial High School, "Wayne, Michigan
Streets and highways
- Anthony Street, "Celina, Ohio
- Anthony Boulevard, "Fort Wayne, Indiana
- Anthony Wayne Avenue, "Cincinnati, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne Drive, in "Detroit, "Michigan
- Anthony Wayne Drive, in "Baden, Pennsylvania
- Anthony Wayne Drive, in "Chesterbrook, Pennsylvania
- Anthony Wayne Drive, "Warminster, Pennsylvania
- Anthony Wayne Trail, in "Toledo, Ohio
- Anthwyn Road, "Merion, Pennsylvania (across from the inn)
- Mad Anthony Street, "Cincinnati, Ohio
- Mad Anthony Street, "Millersburg, Ohio
- Mad River Road, in "Hillsboro, Ohio
- North Wayne Avenue, "Lockland, Ohio
- North Wayne Street, "West Chester, Pennsylvania
- South Wayne Avenue, "Fort Wayne, Indiana
- South Wayne Avenue, "Lockland, Ohio
- South Wayne Street, "West Chester, Pennsylvania
- Southwest Anthony Wayne Drive, "Fort Wayne, Indiana
- Wayne Avenue, "Ticonderoga, New York
- Wayne Avenue, "Bronx, New York
- Wayne Avenue, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania
- Wayne Avenue, "Collingdale, Pennsylvania
- Wayne Avenue, "Chicago, Illinois
- Wayne Avenue, "Dayton, Ohio
- Wayne Avenue (Rte 112), "Stony Point, New York
- Wayne Avenue, "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- Wayne Avenue, "Greenville, Ohio
- Wayne Road, running through (from North to South) the municipalities of; "Livonia, "Westland, "Wayne, and "Romulus, Michigan
- Wayne Street, "Celina, Ohio
- Wayne Street, "Fort Recovery, Ohio
- Wayne Street, "Fort Wayne, Indiana
- Wayne Street, "Toledo, Ohio
- Wayne Street, "Erie, Pennsylvania
- Wayne Trace, "Fort Wayne, Indiana
- Wayne Trace Road, running from "Eaton in "Preble County, Ohio, to just outside of "Seven Mile in "Butler County, Ohio
Structures and businesses
- The former Anthony Wayne Bank in Fort Wayne
- Anthony Wayne Barber Shop in "Maumee, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne, a campsite at "Woodland Trails Scout Reservation in "Camden, Ohio
- The Anthony Wayne Movie Theater in "Wayne, Pennsylvania
- Anthony Wayne Recreation Area in "Harriman State Park, "New York
- AWS, formerly Anthony Wayne Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped and Blind, Inc. in Fort Wayne, Indiana
- "Anthony Wayne Suspension Bridge near downtown "Toledo, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne Terrace Housing Association "Baden, Pennsylvania
- Mad Anthony Brewing Company, in "Fort Wayne, Indiana
- "Fort Wayne in Fort Wayne, Indiana
- "Fort Wayne in Detroit, Michigan
- The "Fort Wayne Mad Ants basketball team of the "NBA Development League
- "General Wayne Inn in "Merion, Pennsylvania
- "Mad Anthony's", a local pub in Waterville, Ohio
- "Wayne Corporation defunct "school bus manufacturer, originally Wayne Agricultural Works, then Wayne Works
- Wayne Hospital in Greenville, Ohio
- Anthony Wayne Hotel in "Akron, Ohio, demolished in 1996
- Anthony Wayne Motel in "Yellow Springs, Ohio on US Route 68
- General Wayne Inn, Honey Brook, Pennsylvania on US Route 322
- Anthony Wayne Hotel in downtown "Hamilton, Ohio renovated into the Anthony Wayne Apartments
- Hotel Wayne & restaurant, 1202 North Main Street, Honesdale, Pennsylvania 18431
- Mad Anthony's Bottle Shop & Beer Garden in "Waynesville, NC
- Wayne Oil Inc. in "Fort Recovery, OH
- Wayne IGA in "Fort Recovery, OH
Wayne's legacy has extended to American popular culture in a number of ways.
In literature and publications
- Wayne is mentioned in "Donald Barthelme's novel, The King.
- Contrary to the popular belief that Bruce Wayne (the real name of the superhero character "Batman) was named after "John Wayne, comic book writer "Bill Finger named Batman's alter ego after "Robert the Bruce and Anthony Wayne. In the "DC Comics, Bruce Wayne is depicted as General Wayne's direct descendant. Furthermore, the property on which "Wayne Manor is built was given to General Wayne for his service during the Revolution. Rumors that Bruce's middle name is "Anthony" have yet to be confirmed by DC Comics.
- In F. Scott Fitzgerald's "Tender Is the Night (1934), Dick Diver mentions his descent from Mad Anthony Wayne.
- Anthony Wayne is one of the main characters in "Ann Rinaldi's historical novel, "A Ride into Morning.
- In J.D. Salinger's "The Catcher in the Rye (1951), Mr. Spencer, one of the teachers at (fictitious) Pencey Prep School, lives across the street from campus on Anthony Wayne Avenue.
- Mad Anthony Wayne is a character in Diana Gabaldon's Outlander series. He features in An Echo In The Bone and Written In My Own Heart's B*
- Mad Anthony Ale (Mad Anthony's APA), an American Pale Ale (APA) brewed by the "Erie Brewing Company in "Erie, Pennsylvania
- Actor "Marion Morrison was initially given the stage name of Anthony Wayne, after the general, by "Fox Studio head "Winfield Sheenan and "Raoul Walsh, who directed "The Big Trail (1930), but Fox Studios changed it to "John Wayne instead, saying "Anthony" sounded "too Italian". John Wayne was leading man in 142 of his 153 movies, more than any other actor in history.
- In ""Guy Walks Into a Psychiatrist's Office...", the Season Two premiere of "The Sopranos, the character Dr. "Jennifer Melfi is shown seeing patients at the "Anthony Wayne Motel" in "Wayne, New Jersey, while on the lam, in fear for her life.
- The 1971 made-for-TV movie Assault on the Wayne, starring "Leonard Nimoy, takes place on board the submarine U.S.S. Anthony Wayne.
- In Boardwalk Empire, S3E09, antagonist Gyp Rosetti admires a glass encased colonial hat from, as he says, "Mad Anthony Wayne". Rosetti later steals this hat at the end of the episode and wears it as he watches over his illegal alcohol business.
- General Anthony Wayne relief, by "James Edward Kelly, "Tryon, North Carolina, 1896
- The "Wayne County Building in "Detroit, Michigan, features a "pediment by "Edward Wagner that depicts an "equestrian Wayne, c. 1900
- "Equestrian statue by "Henry Kirke Bush-Brown at "Valley Forge, 1908
- Anthony Wayne Monument by "George Etienne Ganiere, "Fort Wayne, Indiana, 1918
- "Battle of Fallen Timbers Monument also known as the Anthony Wayne Monument, by "Bruce Saville, "Maumee, Ohio, 1929
- Equestrian statue by "John Gregory, "Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1937
- The Gen. "Mad" Anthony Wayne, a side-wheel "steamboat, sank in April 1850 in "Lake Erie while en route from the "Toledo, Ohio, area to "Buffalo, New York. Out of 93 passengers and crew on board, 38 died. On June 21, 2007, it was announced that the wreck had been discovered by Thomas Kowalczk, an amateur shipwreck hunter.
- Major General Anthony Wayne, U.S. Army "tugboat based at Southampton, UK.
- The "Mad Ants basketball team represents Ft. Wayne, Indiana, in the "NBA Development League.
- In 1987, artist "Mark Cline lobbied the "Waynesboro, Virginia, city council to erect a 60 ft (18 m) bust of "Mad" Anthony Wayne atop the city's capped landfill.
- Nelson, 5–6
- Labaree, 345-50
- Anthony and Mary (Penrose) Wayne Family Bible
- Nelson, 52
- Nelson, 55–58
- Nelson, 60
- Lancaster, 195–97
- Boatner, 119–20
- Lancaster, 319–22
- "WAYNE, Anthony, (1745–1796)". bioguide.congress.gov.
- United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997: The Official Results confirms the seat was declared vacant on March 21, 1792.
- Carter, 133
- Hugh T. Harrington and Lisa A. Ennis. "Mad" Anthony Wayne: His Body Did Not Rest in Peace, citing History of Erie County, Pennsylvania, vol. 1. pp. 211–12. Warner, Beers & Co., Chicago. 1884.
- Wood, Maureen & Kolek, Ron (2010). A Ghost a Day: 365 True Tales of the Spectral, Supernatural, and Just Plain Scary!, p. 1. Adams Media.
- "History". Anthony Wayne Local Schools. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- "Chicago Streets" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
- Furlong, William Rea; McCandless, Byron (1981). So Proudly We Hail : The History of the United States Flag. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press. p. 160. "ISBN "0-87474-448-2.
- Anthony Wayne Flag (Greenville Treaty Flag)
- "The History of AWS". AWS. Retrieved September 8, 2012.
- Kane, Bob; Tom Andrae (1989). Batman & Me. "Forestville, California: "Eclipse Books. p. 44. "ISBN "1-56060-017-9.
- Eyman, Scott (2014). John Wayne : the life and legend. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 48. "ISBN "9781439199589.
- Sweeney, Camille; Gosfield, Josh (2013). The art of doing : how superachievers do what they do and how they do it so well. New York: Penguin Group. p. 8. "ISBN "9781101602812.
- Assault on the Wayne (1971)(TV) at the "Internet Movie Database
- Lafferty, Mike (June 21, 2007). "Lake Erie searchers locate 157-year-old shipwreck". Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved April 29, 2008.
- Fort Wayne in the NBA Development League
- Gonzalez, Tony (April 1, 2009). "Epic Return". The News Virginian.
- Allen, William B. (1872). A History of Kentucky: Embracing Gleanings, Reminiscences, Antiquities, Natural Curiosities, Statistics, and Biographical Sketches of Pioneers, Soldiers, Jurists, Lawyers, Statesmen, Divines, Mechanics, Farmers, Merchants, and Other Leading Men, of All Occupations and Pursuits. Bradley & Gilbert. pp. 46–47. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
- Boatner, Mark M. III (1994). Encyclopedia of the American Revolution. Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books. "ISBN "0-8117-0578-1.
- Carter, Harvey Lewis (1987). The Life and Times of Little Turtle: First Sagamore of the Wabash. Urbana: University of Illinois Press. "ISBN "0-252-01318-2.
- Dubin, Michael J (1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788–1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st through 105th Congresses. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company. "ISBN "0-7864-0283-0.
- Knopf, Richard C. (ed) (1960). Anthony Wayne: A Name in Arms. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.
- Labaree, Leonard W, (ed) (1968). The Papers of Benjamin Franklin, Vol. 12. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.
- Lancaster, Bruce (1971). The American Revolution. New York: American Heritage Books. "ISBN "0-618-12739-9.
- Nelson, Paul David (1985). Anthony Wayne. Soldier of the Early Republic. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. "ISBN "0-253-30751-1.
- Pleasants, Henry; Delaware County Historical Society (1907). History of Old St. David's Church Radnor, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. John C Winston Co. p. 206.
|""||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anthony Wayne.|
|""||Wikiquote has quotations related to: Anthony Wayne|
|""||"Wikisource has the text of a "1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article about Anthony Wayne.|
- Anthony Wayne and the Battle of Fallen Timbers from The Army Historical Foundation
- General Anthony Wayne
- Anthony Wayne family papers. WIlliam L. Clements Library.
- National Park Service Museum Collection: American Revolutionary War Exhibit, Wayne portrait & bio
- Maumee Valley Heritage Corridor
- Anthony Wayne – The Man Buried in Two Places
- "The Man Buried in Two Places", Chester County Genealogy at the "Wayback Machine (archived November 6, 2007)
- Gen Anthony "Mad Anthony" Wayne at "Find a Grave – Garrison Hill
- Gen Anthony "Mad Anthony" Wayne at "Find a Grave – Old Saint David Church Cemetery
|"United States House of Representatives|
|Member of the "U.S. House of Representatives
from "Georgia's 1st congressional district
March 4, 1791 – March 21, 1792
"Arthur St. Clair
|"Senior Officer of the United States Army