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The 101 "French "departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be roughly translated into English as districts. The capital of an arrondissement is called a "subprefecture. When an arrondissement contains the "prefecture (capital) of the department, that prefecture is the capital of the arrondissement, acting both as a prefecture and as a subprefecture. Arrondissements are further divided into "cantons and "communes.
A "municipal arrondissement ("French: arrondissement municipal, pronounced "[aʁɔ̃dismɑ̃ mynisipal]), is a subdivision of the "commune, used in the three largest cities: "Paris, "Lyon, and "Marseille. It functions as an even lower administrative division, with its own "mayor. Although usually referred to simply as an "arrondissement," they should not be confused with departmental "arrondissements, which are groupings of communes within one "département. The official translation into English is "district".
"Belgium is a "federalized country which geographically consists of three regions, of which only "Flanders (Flemish Region) and "Wallonia (Walloon Region) are subdivided into five "provinces each; the "Brussels-Capital Region is neither a province nor is it part of one.
In Belgium, there are administrative, judicial and electoral arrondissements. These may or may not relate to identical geographical areas.
"Subdivisions of the canton of Bern include districts since 2010, which are called arrondissements administratifs in French.
In some "post-Soviet states, there are cities that are divided into municipal "raioni similarly to how some French cities are divided into municipal arrondissements (see e.g. "Raions of cities in Ukraine, "Municipal divisions of Russia, "Administrative divisions of Minsk).
Most nations in Africa who have been colonised by the French have retained the arrondissement administrative structure. These are normally subunits of a Department, and may either contain or be coequal with Communes (towns). In "Mali the arrondissement is a subunit of a "Cercle, while in some places arrondissements are essentially subdistricts of large cities.
In the "Canadian province of "Quebec, eight cities are divided into arrondissements, known as "boroughs in English. In Quebec, boroughs are provincially organized and recognized sub-municipal entities that have mayors and councillors.