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"Coordinates: 27°28′21″S 153°00′51″E / 27.47241°S 153.014138°E / -27.47241; 153.014138

Asia Pacific Network Information Centre
""APNIC logo.svg
Founded 13 January 1993
Focus Allocation and registration of "IP address space
Location
Members
6,360
Website www.apnic.net
""
""
APNIC

APNIC (the Asia-Pacific Network Information Centre) is the Regional Internet address Registry ("RIR) for the "Asia-Pacific region. It is one of the world's five RIRs and is part of the Number Resource Organization.

APNIC provides "numbers resource allocation and registration services that support the global operation of the Internet. It is a not-for-profit, membership-based organization whose Members include Internet Service Providers, telecommunication providers, data centres, universities, banks, National Internet Registries, and similar organizations that have their own networks.

Contents

Functions[edit]

APNIC's main functions are:

APNIC manages Internet number resources according to policies developed through an open process of consultation and consensus called the Policy Development Process (PDP).

APNIC PDP[edit]

APNIC's policies are developed by the membership and the broader Internet community. The forums for policy development are the face-to-face Open Policy Meetings, which are held twice each year, and the public mailing list discussions of the Special Internet Groups.

APNIC's open PDP also invites stakeholders interested in Internet number resources from around the world (but mostly the Asia Pacific) to participate. These include representatives from governments, regulators, educators, media, the technical community, civil society, and other not-for-profit organizations.

APNIC's PDP is:

Structure[edit]

Elections are held at each APNIC Annual General Meeting (AGM), which is conducted during the APNIC Member Meeting (AMM) in February. Voting takes place both on site at these meetings and prior to the meeting via online voting.

APNIC Executive Council[edit]

Each APNIC Executive Council (EC) member serves as an individual, not as a representative of any other party or Member. Therefore, they must act at all times in the best interests of APNIC. The APNIC EC meets face-to-face at four regularly scheduled meetings per year.

APNIC Secretariat[edit]

The APNIC Secretariat operates to serve its Members and the Asia Pacific Internet community stakeholders.

Its activities are designed to help the APNIC community achieve APNIC's objectives. The Secretariat (APNIC's staff) carries out the day-to-day work. The Secretariat is structured in five divisions: Services, Technical, Business, Communications, and Learning & Development. These divisions encompass all APNIC activities, including that of acting as a central source of information for Members.

Core services[edit]

Internet number resource delegation[edit]

APNIC delegates IP addresses (IPv4 and IPv6) and (ASNs) according to policies developed by the APNIC community. All IP and AS number delegation is subject to certain criteria, based on demonstrated need.

APNIC Whois Database[edit]

The APNIC "Whois Database contains registration details of IP addresses and AS numbers originally allocated by APNIC. It shows the organizations that hold the resources, where the allocations were made, and contact details for the networks. Users can search the whois for information pertaining to these resources, for network trouble shooting, or helping to track network abuse. The organizations that hold those resources are responsible for updating their information in the database. Internet number resources must be properly and accurately registered to fulfil the goals of addressing policy as outlined by the Public Technical Identifiers (PTI), who are responsible for the operation of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) functions.

This accurate registration of resource usage is a critical role APNIC plays in the operation of the Internet.

The database can be searched by using the web interface on the APNIC site,[1] or by directing your whois client to whois.apnic.net (for example, whois -h whois.apnic.net 203.37.255.97).

RDAP[edit]

APNIC provides an alternative to the whois called the Registration Data Access protocol (RDAP), which was designed to address issues in the whois service, the most important of which are: standardization of queries and responses; internalization considerations to cater for languages other than English in data objects; and redirection capabilities to allow seamless referrals to other registrations.

Spam, hacking, etc.[edit]

For network abuse such as spam or ("hacking), people mistakenly interpret references to apnic.net when doing a whois search to indicate that APNIC is the source of the abuse. Instead, these references to APNIC simply mean that the address space in question was delegated by APNIC to an organization with the Asia Pacific region. APNIC has no authority to prevent these kinds of network abuse.

APNIC also has no technical ability to 'suspend' an Internet service, no mandate to withdraw address registrations, no investigative posers, nor any authority to take action as an enforcement agency. APNIC is in the same position as any other IP address or DNS registry worldwide.

Reverse DNS delegation[edit]

APNIC manages reverse DNS delegations for both IPv4 and IPv6. APNIC only delegates the authority of reverse zones to the DNS name servers provided through domain objects.

Resource Certification[edit]

APNIC provides a Resource Certification service, which is a robust security framework used to verify the association between specific IP address blocks of ASNs and the holders of those Internet number resources. APNIC introduced Resource Certification to improve inter-domain security in the region and enhance the value of the data in the APNIC Whois Database with verification of the resource holder's right-of-use.

Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) is the validation structure for Resource Certification that enables public network users to verify the authenticity of data that has been digitally signed by the data originator.

Other services[edit]

APNIC training[edit]

APNIC conducts a number of training courses[2] in a wide variety of locations around the region. These courses are designed to educate participants to proficiently configure, manage and administer their Internet services and infrastructure and to embrace current best practices.

Technical conferences[edit]

APNIC holds two conferences a year in various locations around the Asia Pacific region. The first one is held with the Asia Pacific Regional Internet Conference on Operational Technologies (APRICOT) and the second one is a stand-alone conference. Both events have a series of workshop sessions on topics such as routing, IPv6, and network security, and plenary and conference tracks on operational topics of current interest.

Conference schedule[edit]

APNIC 25 Taipei, Taiwan 25–29 February 2008 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT
APNIC 26 Christchurch, New Zealand 25–29 August 2008 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 27 Manila, Philippines 18–27 February 2009 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT 2009
APNIC 28 Beijing, China 24–28 August 2009 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 29 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 24 February – 5 March 2010 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT 2010
APNIC 30 Gold Coast, Australia 24–27 August 2010 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 31 Hong Kong SAR, China 21–25 February 2011 Held in conjunction with APRICOT-APAN 2011
APNIC 32 Busan, South Korea 28 August – 1 September 2011 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 33 New Delhi, India 27 February – 2 March 2012 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT 2012
APNIC 34 NagaWorld, Phnom Penh, Cambodia 21–31 August 2012 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 35 Singapore 25 February - 1 March 2013 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT 2013
APNIC 36 Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province, China 20–30 August 2013 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 37 Petaling Jaya, Malaysia 18-28 February 2014 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT 2014
APNIC 38 Brisbane, Australia 9-19 September 2014 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 39 Fukuoka, Japan 24 February - 6 March 2015 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT 2015
APNIC 40 Jakarta, Indonesia 3 - 10 September 2015 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 41 Auckland, New Zealand 15-26 February 2016 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT 2016
APNIC 42 Colombo, Sri Lanka 28 September - 5 October 2016 Standalone Meeting
APNIC 43 Ho Chi Minh City, "Viet Nam 20 February - 2 March 2017 Held in conjunction with "APRICOT 2017
APNIC 44 Taichung, Taiwan 7 - 14 September 2017 Standalone Meeting

Research[edit]

APNIC Labs provide research, measurement, and technical reports on the use of Internet number resources with in the Internet, for example, IPv6 deployment.

APNIC Foundation[edit]

The APNIC Foundation is a charity established to raise funds independently from APNIC Member contributions to support and expand Internet development efforts in the Asia Pacific.

Partners[edit]

APNIC works closely with many other Internet organizations, including:

The APNIC membership[edit]

Major Internet Service Providers (ISPs), "National Internet Registries (NIRs) and Network Information Centres (NICs).

Other Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)[edit]

"ARIN (North America), "LACNIC (Latin America and the Caribbean), "RIPE NCC (Europe), and "AFRINIC (Africa).

The Number Resource Organization[edit]

With the other RIRs, APNIC is a member of the "Number Resource Organization (NRO), which exists to protect the unallocated number resource pool, to promote and protect the bottom-up policy development process, and to be the focal point for input into the RIR system.

Other leading Internet organizations[edit]

These include the "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), the "Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the "Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), the Internet Engineering and Planning Group (IEPG), the "Internet Society (ISOC), and others.

The previous registry for "Australia, known as "AUNIC, is now disbanded, and its responsibilities undertaken by APNIC.

History[edit]

APNIC was established in 1992, by the Asia Pacific Coordinating Committee for Intercontinental Research Networks (APCCIRN) and the Asia Pacific Engineering and Planning Group (APEPG). These two groups were later amalgamated and renamed the Asia Pacific Networking Group (APNG). It was established as a pilot project to administer address space as defined by RFC-1366, as well as encompassing a wider brief: "To facilitate communication, business, and culture using Internet technologies".

In 1993, APNG discovered they were unable to provide a formal umbrella or legal structure for APNIC, and so the pilot project was concluded, but APNIC continued to exist independently under the authority of "IANA as an 'interim project'. At this stage, APNIC still lacked legal rights, a membership, and a fee structure.

In 1995, the inaugural APNIC meeting was held in "Bangkok. This was a two-day meeting, run by volunteers, and was free to attend. Voluntary donations were sought according to the size of the organization, ranging from US$1,500 for 'small', through to US$10,000 for 'large'. Three member types were defined by APNIC-001: ISP (local IR), Enterprise, and National.

1996 saw a proper fee structure introduced, the establishment of a membership, and the holding of the first "APRICOT meeting.

By the time 1997 rolled around, it was becoming increasingly clear that APNIC's local environment in Japan was restricting its growth – for example, the staff was limited to 4–5 members. Therefore, the consulting firm KPMG was contracted to find an ideal location in the Asia Pacific region for APNIC's new headquarters.

For reasons such as the stable infrastructure, the low cost of living and operation, and tax advantages for membership organizations, Brisbane, Australia was chosen as the new location, and relocation was completed between April and August 1998, while maintaining continuous operation throughout.

By 1999, the relocation was complete, the Asian economic crisis ended, and so began a period of consolidation for APNIC – a period of sustained growth, policy development, and the creation of documentation and internal systems.

Since then, APNIC has continued to grow from its humble beginnings to a membership of more than 6,000 in 56 economies throughout the region and a secretariat of around 80 staff members located in the head office in Brisbane, Australia.

Economies[edit]

APNIC represents the Asia Pacific region, comprising 56 economies:

APNIC covered "Madagascar, "Mauritius and "Seychelles until "AFRINIC was formed.

References[edit]

  1. ^ APNIC.net
  2. ^ APNIC.net Archived 15 March 2008 at the "Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

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