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Asia Cooperation Dialogue
""Member states in yellow
Member states in yellow
Type Regional cooperation organizations
• Secretary-General
"Thailand Bundit Limschoon[1]
Establishment 2002
• Total
46,872,864[2] km2 (18,097,714 sq mi)
• Estimate
• Density
92/km2 (238.3/sq mi)

The Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) is an "inter-governmental organization created on 18 June 2002 to promote "Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate "regional organizations such as "ASEAN, "SAARC, the "Gulf Cooperation Council, and the "Eurasian Economic Union.



It is the main objective of the former Thai Prime Minister to form the Asia Co-operation Dialogue or the forerunner to the Asian Union. The ACD's main members states are Pakistan, Kuwait, Qatar, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Indonesia, Thailand, Uzbekistan, China and Japan, the so-called Major Ten ACD Nations.[3]

The idea of an Asia Cooperation Dialogue was raised at the First International Conference of Asian Political Parties (held in "Manila between 17–20 September 2000) by "Surakiart Sathirathai, then deputy leader of the now defunct "Thai Rak Thai Party, on behalf of his party leader, "Thaksin Shinawatra, then "Prime Minister of Thailand. It was suggested that Asia as a continent should have its own forum to discuss Asia-wide cooperation. Afterwards, the idea of the ACD was formally put forward during the 34th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in "Hanoi, 23–24 July 2001 and at the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Retreat in "Phuket, 20–21 February 2002.

Ministerial Meetings[edit]

Meeting Country Year
1st  "Thailand, "Cha-am 18–19 June 2002
2nd  "Thailand, "Chiang Mai 21–22 June 2003
3rd  "China, "Qingdao 21–22 June 2004
4th  "Pakistan, "Islamabad 4–6 April 2005
5th  "Qatar, "Doha 23–24 May 2006
6th  "South Korea, "Seoul 5–6 June 2007
7th  "Kazakhstan, "Astana 16–17 October 2008
8th[4]  "Sri Lanka, "Colombo 15–16 October 2009
9th  "Iran, "Tehran 8–9 November 2010
10th  "Kuwait, "Kuwait City 10–11 October 2012
11th[5]  "Tajikistan, "Dushanbe 29 March 2013
12th[6]  "Bahrain, "Manama 26 November 2013
13th[7]  "Saudi Arabia, "Riyadh 25 November 2014
14th[8]  "Thailand, "Bangkok 9-10 March 2016


Meeting Country Year
I  "Kuwait, "Kuwait City 15 - 17 October 2012
II  "Thailand, "Bangkok 8-10 October 2016
III  "Iran, "Tehran 2018[9]


The main objectives of the ACD are to:

  1. Promote interdependence among Asian countries in all areas of cooperation by identifying Asia's common strengths and opportunities which will help reduce poverty and improve the quality of life for Asian people whilst developing a knowledge-based society within Asia and enhancing community and people empowerment;
  2. Expand the trade and financial market within Asia and increase the bargaining power of Asian countries in lieu of competition and, in turn, enhance Asia's economic competitiveness in the global market;
  3. Serve as the missing link in Asian cooperation by building upon Asia's potentials and strengths through supplementing and complementing existing cooperative frameworks so as to become a viable partner for other regions;
  4. Ultimately transform the Asian continent into an Asian Community, capable of interacting with the rest of the world on a more equal footing and contributing more positively towards mutual peace and prosperity.

Member States[edit]

Membership and expansion of the Asia Cooperation Dialogue
Maldives Bangladesh Bhutan Nepal Sri Lanka India Myanmar Thailand Cambodia Laos Vietnam Brunei Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore Afghanistan Pakistan Turkmenistan Iran Azerbaijan Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan Uzbekistan China Russia Turkey Japan Mongolia South Korea Bahrain Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Mekong–Ganga Cooperation Association of Southeast Asian Nations Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Turkic Council Economic Cooperation Organization Gulf Cooperation Council Asia Cooperation Dialogue
A clickable "Euler diagram showing the relationships between various Asian "regional organisations "v • "de

The ACD was founded by 18 members. Since March 2016, the organization consists of 34 states[10] as listed below (including all current members of ASEAN and the GCC). Overlapping "regional organization membership in italics.

Name Accession date Regional organization
 "Afghanistan 17 October 2012 "SAARC, "ECO
 "Bahrain 18 June 2002 "GCC, "AL
 "Bangladesh 18 June 2002 "SAARC, "BIMSTEC
 "Bhutan [t 1] 27 September 2004 "SAARC, "BIMSTEC
 "Brunei 18 June 2002 "ASEAN
 "Cambodia 18 June 2002 "ASEAN, "MCG
 "China 18 June 2002 "SCO
 "India 18 June 2002 "SAARC, "BIMSTEC, "MGC
 "Indonesia 18 June 2002 "ASEAN
 "Iran 21 June 2004 "ECO
 "Japan 18 June 2002
 "Kazakhstan [t 2] 21 June 2003 "CIS, "ECO, "SCO
 "South Korea 18 June 2002
 "Kuwait 21 June 2003 "GCC, "AL
 "Kyrgyzstan[11] 16 October 2008 "CIS, "ECO, "SCO
 "Laos 18 June 2002 "ASEAN, "MCG
 "Malaysia 18 June 2002 "ASEAN
 "Mongolia 21 June 2004
 "Myanmar 18 June 2002 "ASEAN, "BIMSTEC, "MCG
   "Nepal 10 March 2016 "SAARC, "BIMSTEC
 "Oman 21 June 2003 "GCC, "AL
 "Pakistan 18 June 2002 "SAARC, "ECO
 "Philippines 18 June 2002 "ASEAN,
 "Qatar 18 June 2002 "GCC, "AL
 "Russia [t 2] 4 April 2005 "CIS, "CoE, "SCO
 "Saudi Arabia 4 April 2005 "GCC, "AL
 "Singapore 18 June 2002 "ASEAN
 "Sri Lanka 21 June 2003 "SAARC, "BIMSTEC
 "Tajikistan 5 June 2006 "CIS, "ECO, "SCO
 "Thailand 18 June 2002 "ASEAN, "BIMSTEC, "MCG
 "Turkey[10][t 2] 26 September 2013 "CoE,[t 3] "ECO
 "United Arab Emirates 21 June 2004 "GCC, "AL
 "Uzbekistan 5 June 2006 "CIS, "ECO, "SCO
 "Vietnam 18 June 2002 "ASEAN, "MCG
  1. ^ One more membership request was finally confirmed at the ACD Breakfast Meeting of 27 September 2004
  2. ^ a b c Located partially in "Europe.
  3. ^ Turkey is a "European Union candidate since 1999.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Top Stories : Thailand nominates ACD Secretary General and highlights priority areas in Asia-wide cooperation - Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of Thailand". www.mfa.go.th. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  2. ^ Corresponds to the terrestrial surface. Including the "Exclusive Economic Zones of each member state, the total area is 73 936 667 km².
  3. ^ For an analysis of the history of the ACD see Michael, Arndt (2013). China's Foreign Policy and Regional Multilateralism (Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 175-181.
  4. ^ "Arrangements for media coverage of the 8th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting October 2009" (PDF). Retrieved 15 September 2009. ["permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Thaksin's Statement at the 11th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting". wordpress.com. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  6. ^ "12th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting held in Bahrain". xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  7. ^ "32 ministers to attend Riyadh conference". "Arab News.com. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2015. 
  8. ^ "Chairman's Statement 14th Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) Ministerial Meeting" (PDF). 
  9. ^ "Asia Cooperation Dialogue". www.acd-dialogue.org. Retrieved 10 April 2018. 
  10. ^ a b "No: 253, 26 September 2013, Press Release on Turkey's Membership to the Asia Cooperation Dialogue". "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Assistant Foreign Minister Zhai Jun Attends the 7th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Foreign Ministers'Meeting in Kazakhstan". Retrieved 28 June 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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