Powered by
TTSReader
Share this page on
Article provided by Wikipedia


""
""
GM-Uzbekistan is the biggest automobile manufacturer in Uzbekistan

Before 1992, "Uzbekistan had absolutely no automotive industry, being part of the Soviet Union. In post-Soviet times, "UzDaewooAuto, "SamKochAvto, "GM Uzbekistan new auto producing plants were built with "South Korean and "American help. Now that production is more than 200 thousand per year, Uzbekistan exports automobiles to Russia and other "CIS countries.

"GM Uzbekistan, a joint venture, with manufacturing operations in "Asaka features three vehicle assembly lines and one stamping operations plant with a growing local supply base supplemented by commodities and automotive parts largely from Asia Pacific region (e.g., steel coil from "Russia, advanced technology parts from South Korea, etc.). With multi-shift operations, employment is estimated around 7000 people in a region otherwise known for agricultural production.

Contents

History[edit]

Automobile manufacturers[edit]

GM Uzbekistan[edit]

""
""
Chevrolet Cobalt

GM Uzbekistan is a joint venture between the "Uzbek OJSC UzAvtosanoat (75%) and the "American "General Motors Company (25%) for the manufacturing of automobiles,[1] and is located in "Asaka, Uzbekistan

The JV originally was founded in 1996 between the Uzbek government and the South Korea-based Daewoo, and was initially known as UzDaewoo Auto.[2] Following the change of ownership of Daewoo to "GM Daewoo, the facility was renamed GM Uzbekistan in 2008 to continue to produce Uz-Daewoo branded vehicles. More recently these models are now sold as Chevrolets as in other international markets.

GM Uzbekistan began production on 27 November 2008. The first assembled car on this day was an "Chevrolet Lacetti which also was the 1,000,000 assembled vehicle out of the production from UzAvtosanoat. The annual production of GM Uzbekistan are 250,000 units.[3][4][5] Since the beginning of the third quarter Chevrolet is manufacturing the "Chevrolet Spark M300 in Asaka. The M300 is currently intended only for export. Currently, the models are assembled "CKD and "SKD kits. But GM Uzbekistan plans to manufacture up to 50% of all needed parts and want to realize it soon as possible.[6] Another plant is producing 200,000 units of front- rear- and side windows for the vehicles of the Uz-DaewooAvto and the Chevrolet Lacetti.[7]

In 2010, about 5,000 employees were employed at the GM Uzbekistan assembly plant.[8] GM Uzbekistan sold 121,584 vehicles locally in 2011, making the country the eighth-largest market for Chevrolet and produced more than 225,000 vehicles. In 2012, the "Chevrolet Cobalt was added to the production line.[9]

Following a new agreement in 2008, the joint venture GM Powertrain Uzbekistan opened an engine plant in Tashkent, 400 kilometres (248.5 mi) from GM Uzbekistan's vehicle manufacturing facility in Asaka, in November 2011. GM owns 52% and UzAvtosanoat has a 48% stake in the Powertrain JV. The factory is GM’s first engine plant in Uzbekistan. It will produce more than 225,000 Ecotec 1.2L and 1.5L engines a year for use in GM small passenger cars around the world.[10]

MAN Auto-Uzbekistan[edit]

""
""
MAN truck on the stamp of Uzbekistan, 2011

The MAN AUTO-Uzbekistan Company is an "joint venture between the "German "MAN Nutzfahrzeuge AG and the "Uzbek OJSC UzAvtosanoat. The joint venture was founded in August 2009. Subsequently, the employees at the plant were trained by the "MAN staff to ensure a proper assembly of the vehicles and to and increase the theoretical knowledge of the workforce.[11] The consolidation of the contractual joint venture took place on 4 September 2009 at the Oqsaroy Residence in "Tashkent. Agents of the parties were on the Uzbek side the "President "Islam Abdugʻaniyevich Karimov and the "chairman of the UzAvtosanoat Mr. Ulugbek Rozukulov. The German side was represented only by the "CEO "Håkan Samuelsson.[12][13][14]

The assembly of the vehicles began on the day when the joint venture contract was signed. "SamAuto provides their assembly plant in "Samarkand.[15] One of the currently assembled models is the "MAN TGA which is delivered as a "CKD kit from Germany. Another model is the identical truck called "MAN CLA which is made by the "Indian MAN Force Trucks Pvt. Ltd. This units are also delivered as a CKD kit. According to plans of MAN they want to build 500 up to 1000 units annual.[16][17] For the sales of the vehicles, UzAvtosanoat had established a separate dealer network.[18] The production capacity is expected to rise later to more than 2000 units. MAN have plans to introducing the Indian CLA model version in a modified version especially for the Central Asian market called the MAN CLE.[19] So the target markets for the Uzbek manufactured models is the Uzbek domestic market for itself and all markets of the "CIS states.[20] Some used vehicles are exported to Uzbekistan for the strategic market support as a complete vehicle by the Neuhaus GmbH located in "Selm.[21][22] In addition to the TGA and the CLA series there are also the "TGA TGM series and the obsolete models "MAN F2000, "MAN M2000 and "MAN F8 available.[23]

UzAvtosanoat is the only truck manufacturer of "Central Asia and plans to become a "monopolistic company of the commercial vehicle sector. After the collapse of their former "SamKochAvto joint venture, MAN is a promising partner for the company.[24] Håkan Samuelsson, the German contract agent of MAN, was involved into the MAN-bribes scandal which became known in the late 2009.[25][26][27] There have been suggestions that the UzAvtosanoat entangled in it, or could be affected.

In the first phase, the manufacturing should be adjusted to the various economic sectors such as the oil, gas and mining industry by using the local norms of the different targeted markets. Despite the global economic crisis it is seen that these sectors will achieves a dynamic growth. Also the expansion of the infrastructure will increase the demand for automobiles and other vehicles.[28]

SamKochAvto[edit]

""
""
SAZ bus on the stamp of Uzbekistan, 2011

SamKochAvto, originally Samarkand Automobile Factory, is a joint Turkish–Uzbek venture with major investment by the Turkish company "Koc Holding. Located in "Samarkand, "Uzbekistan, the plant manufactures buses and has recently launched a production line for "Nissan cargo trucks. SamKochAvto produces 4 models of buses and 5 truck models, some of which are exported. Plans have been announced for production of "Suzukis.

"Samarkand automobile plant" for the production of medium-capacity buses and small trucks and medium-duty trucks, organized in 1996 by the decision of the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan for the number 381 from 05.11.1996, the commencement of commercial operations from March 19, 1999.

The SamAuto lineup includes basic models in the small class SAZ NP 37 chassis Japanese Isuzu, low-floor bus of small class SAZ LE-60, "Isuzu trucks and other special vehicles on the chassis of Isuzu.

Former manufacturers[edit]

Land Rover Uzbekistan[edit]

UzDaewooAvto[edit]

""
""
Daewoo Nexia II
""
""
Daewoo Gentra

UzDaewooAuto was a "joint venture founded in 1992 between the "Uzbek state owned UzAvtosanoat and the "South Korean headquartered, "American owned "GM Korea. The company began production of vehicles on 19 July 1996,[29] at the new assembly plant located in "Asaka.[30] UzDaewooAuto produced cars under Daewoo brand from 1996 to 2008. "GM Uzbekistan is succeeder of UzDaewooAuto since 2008.

The company produced vehicles under the brand name Uz-Daewoo[30][31] and is increasingly important in the markets of the "CIS area.[32] The initiative to establish the Uzbek automobile industry goes back to the early 1990s and the administration of "State President "Islam Abdugʻaniyevich Karimov.[33]

Following Daewoo's collapse in 2001, and resulting change of ownership, GM Uzbekistan was eventually established in March 2008 as a new replacement joint venture, and the Nexia and Matiz were sold under the "Chevrolet badge together with an extended range of "GM Korea Chevrolet models produced at the Asaka factory. The joint venture is owned by Uzavtosanoat JSC (75%) and General Motors Corporation (25%).[34] GM Uzbekistan produced 106,334 units during the first half of 2011.[35]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GM Uzbekistan to build Chevrolet small car". autoevolution. 15 February 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  2. ^ "Asaka automobile plant turns 13". The Governmental portal of the Republic of Uzbekistan. 18 July 2009. Archived from the original on 21 April 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "One million cars produced at Asaka plant". old.gov.uz. 28 November 2008. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "Millionth car of Uzbekistan". ut.uz (Uzbekistan Today). 5 December 2008. Archived from the original on 29 July 2010. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  5. ^ "General Motors baut und verkauft Chevrolet-Modelle in Usbekistan". autosieger.de. 9 October 2007. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  6. ^ "Новый авто GM Uzbekistan". chevrolet-uz.com. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Поставщик автостекла для GM Uzbekistan". chevrolet-uz.com. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  8. ^ "Uzbek Carmakers Produce a Millionth Car at Asaka Plant". jahonnews.uz. Retrieved 23 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "In Uzbekistan, a Chevy on every corner". Reuters. 6 September 2012. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "GM Opens Engine Plant in Uzbekistan". GM Media. 15 November 2011. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "Узбекистан станет экспортером в страны СНГ и Азии грузовых автомашин немецкой группы компаний "MAN"". 12.uz. Archived from the original on 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  12. ^ "Islam Karimow empfing den Vorstandsvorsitzenden der MAN AG". Botschaft der Republik Usbekistan. 2009-09-05. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  13. ^ "MAN Nutzfahrzeuge and UzAvtosanoat found joint venture in Uzbekistan". East Europe Auto. Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  14. ^ "MAN пришел в Узбекистан". gazeta.uz/Газета.uz. 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  15. ^ "Y MAN Uzbekistan your plan". andijan.uz. 2010-05-05. Archived from the original on 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  16. ^ "Usbekistan: MAN gründet Joint Venture". transport-online.de (Huss-Verlag GmbH - Transport Redaktion). 2009-09-07. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  17. ^ "MAN Auto-Uzbekistan to increase truck production in Uzbekistan". uzdaily.com. 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  18. ^ "Lkw von MAN für Usbekistan". focus.de. 2009-09-07. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  19. ^ "Самарканд. Теперь немецкие грузовики". review.uz. Archived from the original on 2010-02-17. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  20. ^ "MAN Nutzfahrzeuge and UzAvtosanoat found joint venture in Uzbekistan". uzdaily.com. 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  21. ^ "Мультилифт MAN TGA 26-410 6x2". uzbekistan4u.com. 2009-05-15. Archived from the original on 2016-06-01. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  22. ^ "Neuhaus Kommunalfahrzeuge". neuhaus-lkw.de. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  23. ^ "ALL.AUTO.APORT.UZ. Портал бесплатных объявлений". all.auto.aport.uz. Archived from the original on 2012-07-01. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  24. ^ "MAN und UzAvtosanoat gründen Joint Venture in Usbekistan". mylogistics. 2009-09-08. Archived from the original on 2012-08-05. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  25. ^ "Schmiergeldaffäre: Ex-MAN-Manager gibt Millionen-Bestechung zu". spiegel.de. 2010-06-23. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  26. ^ "Korruptionsverfahren: MAN zahlt Millionen-Buße für Schmiergeld-Affäre". welt.de. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  27. ^ "Prozess in München: Ex-MAN-Manager gesteht Schmiergeldzahlung". ftd.de. 2010-06-23. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  28. ^ "Узбекистан станет экспортером в страны СНГ и Азии грузовых автомашин". anons.uz. 2009-09-05. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  29. ^ "UzAvtosanoat - The Millionth Car". avtoolam.sarkor.uz. 2008-12-09. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  30. ^ a b "Uz-Daewoo history page". en.uzdaewoo.ru. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  31. ^ "Company GM Uzbekistan (Uz-Daewoo)". en.uzdaewoo.ru. 2009-12-18. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  32. ^ "Uz-Daewoo; about us". en.uzdaewoo.ru. Archived from the original on 2012-04-22. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  33. ^ "Uzbek Carmakers Produce a Millionth Car at Asaka Plant". jahonnews.uz. 2008-11-28. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  34. ^ "Uzavtosanoat website". Retrieved 2011-05-04. 
  35. ^ "Ozarbay̆zhon Ŭzbekystondan Chevrolet-Captiva sotyb olady". Ozodlik radiosi (in Uzbek). 2011-09-10. Retrieved 2011-10-09. 

External links[edit]

) ) WikipediaAudio is not affiliated with Wikipedia or the WikiMedia Foundation.