Ban has been organizing and moderating the "Geneva II Conference on Syria.
On 25 January 2012, Ban announced that he would convene the world's first summit on "humanitarian aid in order to "share knowledge and establish common best practices." Known as the "World Humanitarian Summit, the event took place in the 23rd–24 May 2016 in "Istanbul, "Turkey. In preparation for the summit, Ban released a report on 9 February 2016 titled ‘One Humanity, Shared Responsibility’ in which he laid out an "Agenda for Humanity" based on consultations with more than 23,000 people in 153 countries. The Agenda for Humanity outlines what is needed to reform humanitarian action, including political leadership to prevent and end conflict, new forms of financing, and a shift from providing aid to ending need. The summit is scheduled to include 5,000 participants, including representatives from governments, NGOs, civil society organizations, and the private sector, as well as individuals affected by humanitarian crises.
Criticism as UN Secretary-General
According to "The Washington Post, "some UN employees and delegates" expressed resentment at Ban's perceived "favoritism in the appointment of South Korean nationals in key posts. Previous UN chiefs such as "Kurt Waldheim (Austria), "Javier Pérez de Cuéllar (Peru) and "Boutros Boutros-Ghali (Egypt) brought small teams of trusted aides or clerical workers from their country's Foreign Ministry. But according to "some officials" in the Post story, Ban has gone further, boosting South Korea's presence in UN ranks by more than 20 percent during his first year in office. In response, Ban and his aides have claimed that allegations of favoritism are wrong, and that some of the harshest criticisms against him have undercurrents of "racism. He said that the South Korean nationals he had appointed—including "Choi Young-jin, who has served as a high-ranking official in the United Nations' peacekeeping department—are highly qualified for their positions. Others such as Donald P. Gregg, a former U.S. ambassador to South Korea, say the complaints are driven by envy, "I think being from South Korea, and people have growing respect for South Korea, that's a great enhancement for the secretary general. If he brings along talented people who (whom) he knows very well, I think that's also a plus." UN records show that South Korea, the organization's eleventh-largest financial contributor, had 54 South Korean nationals assigned to its mission six months before Ban took over the top UN post.
Former UN Under Secretary General for Oversight Services "Inga-Britt Ahlenius denounced Ban Ki-moon after resigning her post in 2010, calling him reprehensible. Ahlenius's critique was based on the grounds that the Secretary-General consistently made efforts to undermine the "Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) mandate and challenge its operational independence. In particular, the two disputed Ahlenius's plans to hire a former prosecutor, Robert Appleton, who had carried out aggressive investigations into corruption in UN peacekeeping missions from 2006 to 2009. Ban's staff explained that Appleton's appointment was rejected because female candidates had not been properly considered, and said that the final selection should have been made by Ban, not Ahlenius. However, Ahlenius countered in her End of Assignment memo that "for the Secretary-General to control appointments in OIOS is an infringement of the operational independence of OIOS", and further stated, "There is no transparency, there is lack of accountability. Rather than supporting the internal oversight which is the sign of strong leadership and good governance, you have strived to undermine its position and to control it. I do not see any signs of reform in the Organization."
During the "ROKS Cheonan sinking events, he took the step of demanding action against "North Korea for the alleged sinking of a vessel from his country. This was reported by U.N. Dispatch as being unusual, because it is rare for any Secretary-General—and particularly Ban Ki-moon—to comment on the Security Council taking action on an issue as his office had tended to be extremely deferential to the Security Council.
Former UN corruption fighter "James Wasserstrom has also been critical of Ban Ki-moon for attempting to limit the jurisdiction of the "UN dispute tribunal following his dismissal from his Kosovo post and lengthy appeals process. Ban had refused to hand over confidential documents relating to the case to the UN personnel tribunal, despite repeated orders by the court to do so. In relation to another case, Ban was admonished by Judge Michael Adams for "wilful disobedience" for again failing to hand over key documents in an internal promotions dispute.
In 2013, Ban was accused of undermining collective bargaining rights of The Staff Coordinating Council, the union representing United Nations staff. Ban unilaterally eliminated the role of the union to negotiate on behalf of the employees and terminated talks when the union protested. The United Nations champions the right to collective bargaining as a basic human right in its own charter, enacted as the Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention, 1949; Article 1.
International human rights organizations are critical of Ban Ki-moon for lacking accountability over negligent actions by the United Nations. Scientists and journalists conclusively proved that UN peacekeepers from Nepal were the source of the "2010–13 Haiti cholera outbreak, which has killed approximately 9,000 people and infected more than 1 in 20 Haitians. Ban has declared that the legal immunity of the United Nations before national courts should be upheld, though this does not reduce the UN's moral responsibility to overcoming Haiti's cholera epidemic. Ban is named in a lawsuit challenging UN immunity on behalf of Haitian cholera victims in the U.S. District Court of Manhattan. In January 2015, Judge "J. Paul Oetken dismissed the case, affirming UN immunity. An appeal to Oetken's decision was submitted to the Court in May 2015.
Much press coverage of Ban has been critical, with "The Economist, in May 2016, calling him "plodding, protocol-conscious and loth to stand up to the big powers" and "the dullest—and among the worst" secretary-generals. An article in "The Guardian of July 2010 calls his performance "deplorable," although Ban is defended by some Asian commentators who see his understated presence as more quietly "Confucian. An article in Foreign Policy noted in a profile of Ban that while he would greet world leaders in their native language, he would then read directly from his talking points without small talk. The UN official who reported this style stated, "Quiet diplomacy? He [Ban] displayed no skills for that.”
2017 presidential candidacy speculation
Until the outbreak of the "2016 South Korean political scandal, Ban was the leading potential candidate for "President of South Korea in 2017. However, recent polls show "Moon Jae-in of the main opposition "Minjoo Party of Korea in the lead with a support rating of 32.8 percent, while Ban trails in distant second with 15.4 percent. Although Ban has repeatedly expressed his desires for running, a UN resolution in 1946 says "a Secretary-General should refrain from accepting" any Governmental position "at any rate immediately on retirement." Exceptions to the rule have been made in past history with the 1986 election of "Kurt Waldheim to the post of "President of Austria, although the position is ceremonial in nature.
Contrary to Ban's public comments hinting at any likely run, private reports indicated otherwise. "Kim Jong-pil, former "Prime Minister of South Korea, was reported to say that Ban Ki-moon would announce his candidacy for the presidency shortly after his term as Secretary-General ends. Ban was originally predicted to run under the conservative "Saenuri Party, but President "Park Geyn-hye's scandal has cast doubts as to which party Ban would run under.
Ban returned to South Korea on January 13, 2017.
On February 1, 2017 he announced he would not be a candidate for president.
Ban Ki-moon met Yoo Soon-taek in 1962 when they were both in high school. Ban was 18 years old, and Yoo Soon-taek was his secondary school's student council president. Ban Ki-moon married Yoo Soon-taek in 1971.
They have three adult children: two daughters and a son. His elder daughter, Seon-yong, was born in 1972 and now works for the "Korea Foundation in Seoul. Her spouse is a native of India. His son Woo-hyun was born in 1974 in India. He received an MBA from "Anderson School of Management at "University of California, Los Angeles, and works for an investment firm in New York. His younger daughter, Hyun-hee (born 1976), is a field officer for "UNICEF in "Nairobi. After his election as Secretary-General, Ban became an icon in his hometown, where his extended family still resides. Over 50,000 gathered in a soccer stadium in "Chungju for celebration of the result. In the months following his election, thousands of practitioners of "geomancy went to his village to determine how it produced such an important person. Ban himself is not a member of any church or religious group and has declined to expound his beliefs: "Now, as Secretary-General, it will not be appropriate at this time to talk about my own belief in any particular religion or god. So maybe we will have some other time to talk about personal matters." His mother is "Buddhist.
On 10 January 2017, Ban's brother Ban Ki-sang and nephew Bahn Joo-hyun have been indicted on U.S. charges that they engaged in a scheme to bribe a Middle Eastern official in connection with the attempted $800 million sale of a building complex in Vietnam.
During his tenure at the South Korean Foreign Ministry, Ban's nickname was jusa (주사), meaning "the administrative clerk". The name was used as both positive and negative: complimenting Ban's attention to detail and administrative skill while deriding what was seen as a lack of charisma and subservience to his superiors. The South Korean press corps calls him "the slippery eel" (기름장어), for his ability to dodge questions. His peers praise his understated ""Confucian approach", and he is regarded by many as a "stand-up guy" and is known for his "easy smile". After he assumed a post of United Nations secretary general, he is caricatured as "invisible man", "powerless observer", or "nowhere man" for his lack of powerful personality and leadership.
Honours and awards
- Ban Ki-moon was awarded the "Order of Service Merit, 1st class, by the government of "South Korea on three occasions: in 1975, 1986 and 2006.
- For his accomplishments as an envoy, he received the "Grand Decoration of Honour in Gold with Star (4th Cl.) for Services to the Republic of Austria in 2001 
- He was bestowed the Grand Cross of the "Order of Rio Branco by the government of "Brazil.
- "Peru : Grand Cross of the "Order of the Sun (Gran Cruz del Sol) (2006)
- He was honored with "James A. Van Fleet Award by the "Korea Society in "New York City for his contributions to friendship between the United States and South Korea.
- Ban Ki-moon, in his capacity as Secretary-General of the United Nations, was one of the Olympic Flag carriers of the "2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony.
- "Algeria : National Order of Merit of Algeria
- Commemorative Medal of Freedom Heroes of the Republic of Hungary
- "El Salvador : Grand Cross with Silver Star of the "Order of Jose Matias Delgado
- "Philippines : Grand Cross of the "Order of Sikatuna, Rank of Raja (October 30, 2008)
- "Kazakhstan : "Order of Friendship, 1st class (2010)
- "Tajikistan : Order of Ismoili Samoni – 2010
- "Burkina Faso : Grand Cross of the National Order of "Burkina Faso (2008)
- "Ivory Coast : Grand Officer of the National Order of Ivory Coast (2008)
- "Monaco : Grand Cross of the "Order of Saint-Charles (2013)
- "Austria : Grand Golden Order of the City of "Vienna (2013)
- Ban Ki-moon, in his capacity as Secretary-General of the United Nations, was one of the Olympic Torch carriers of the "2014 Winter Olympic Games.
- He accepted the 2014 "Tipperary International Peace Award, described as "Ireland's outstanding award for humanitarian work", in "County Tipperary, "Ireland in May 2015.
- "Netherlands : Grand Cross of the "Order of the Netherlands Lion (19 April 2016)
- "Russia : He was awarded the "Order of Friendship by Vladimir Putin, "for his special role in strengthening peace, friendship, cooperation and mutual understanding between nations" (8 June 2016)
- "Argentina : Grand Cross of the "Order of the Liberator General San Martín (2016).
- Ban Ki-moon, in his capacity as Secretary-General of the United Nations, was one of the Olympic Torch carriers of the "2016 Summer Olympics.
- Honorary Doctor of Public Service degree from "University of Maryland, College Park on 17 October 2016
- Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree from "Loyola Marymount University on 6 April 2016
- Honorary Doctor of Laws degree of "The University of Auckland on 3 September 2014
- Honorary doctorate in Human Letters degree of "Fairleigh Dickinson University on 10 September 2008
- Honorary doctorate from "Seoul National University (2008)
- Doctor Honoris Causa by the "National University of San Marcos, the main university in Peru and the oldest of the Americas (2011)
- Doctor of Laws Degree Honoris Causa by the "College of Law at the "University of the Philippines Diliman, the national university of the country, in 2008
- Honorary Doctor by the "National University of Mongolia in 2009
- "Doctors of Letters" by "Jamia Millia Islamia in New Delhi
- Honorary doctorates in law from the "University of Malta (2009) and the "University of Washington (2009)
- Honorary doctorate of public service from "Denver University (2013)
- Honorary doctorate from "Georgetown University (2015)
- Honorary doctorate from "Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (2015)
- Doctor honoris causa from "Comenius University (2015)
- Degree of Doctor of Civil Law Honoris Causa from "University of Mauritius (2016)
- Honorary Doctor of Laws from "Columbia University (2016)
- Honorary Degree from "Marymount Manhattan College (2016)
- Doctor honoris causa from "Panthéon-Sorbonne University (2016)
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He's been called among the worst secretaries general in U.N. history, a "powerless observer" and a "nowhere man"...
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- "Nowhere Man". Foreign Policy. June 21, 2009.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question about the Decoration of Honour" (pdf) (in German). p. 1446. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in:
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- Sovereign Ordonnance n° 4251, 3 April 2013.
- Ralph Riegel (21 August 2013). "Mandela, Clinton and Geldof among the former winners". "Irish Independent. Retrieved 25 May 2015.
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Speaking after he accepted the Tipperary International Peace Award in Co Tipperary this evening...
- (Dutch) Hoge koninklijke onderscheiding voor VN-leider Ban Ki-moon, NOS, 19 April 2016.
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- Ban Ki-moon, official "United Nations profile as former Secretary-General
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|"Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade
" "Kofi Annan
|"Secretary-General of the United Nations
" "António Guterres