|Banovina of Croatia|
|"Banate of "Yugoslavia|
Banovina of Croatia (red) within "Yugoslavia
|Historical era||"Interwar period · "World War II|
|•||"Cvetković–Maček Agreement||24 August 1939|
|•||"Invasion of Yugoslavia||6 April 1941|
|•||"World War II in Yugoslavia||1941–1945|
|•||1939||65,456 km2 (25,273 sq mi)|
|Density||61/km2 (159/sq mi)|
|Today part of|| "Croatia
"Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Banovina of Croatia or Banate of Croatia ("Serbo-Croatian: Banovina Hrvatska, Бановина Хрватска) was an "autonomous province ("banovina) of the "Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1939 and 1941. It was formed by combining the "Sava Banovina and "Littoral Banovina, but also with small parts of the "Drina, "Zeta, and "Danube banovinas. Its capital was "Zagreb and it included most of present-day "Croatia along with portions of "Bosnia and Herzegovina and "Serbia. It included area of 65,456 km2 and had population of 4,024,601. The Ban of the Banovina of Croatia during this period was "Ivan Šubašić.
The banovinas of Yugoslavia, established in 1929, deliberately avoided following ethnic or religious boundaries which resulted in the country's "ethnic Croats, like other ethnic groups, being divided among several banovinas. Following a political struggle within the "unitary Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Croat leaders won "autonomy for a new ethnic-based banovina with the "Cvetković-Maček Agreement.
On the basis of the Cvetković–Maček Agreement, and the Decree on the Banate of Croatia (Uredba o Banovini Hrvatskoj) dated 24 August 1939, the Banate of Croatia was created. The entire area of the "Sava and "Littoral Banovinas was combined and parts of the "Vrbas, "Zeta, "Drina and "Danube banovinas (districts "Brčko, "Derventa, "Dubrovnik, "Fojnica, "Gradačac, "Ilok, "Šid and "Travnik) were added to form the Banate of Croatia. The borders of the Banate of Croatia are partly the historical borders of "Croatia, and partly based on the application of the principle of ethnicity according to which Bosnian and Herzegovinian territory with a majority "Croat population was annexed to the Banate.
Under the Agreement, central government continued to control "defense, internal "security, "foreign policy, "trade, and "transport; but an elected "Sabor and a crown-appointed "ban would decide internal matters in Croatia. Ironically, the Agreement fueled "separatism. Maček and other Croats viewed autonomy as a first step toward full Croatian independence, so they began haggling over territory; Serbs attacked Cvetković, charging that the Agreement brought them no return to democracy and no autonomy; Muslims demanded an autonomous "Bosnia; and Slovenes and Montenegrins espoused "federalism. "Prince Regent Paul appointed a new government with Cvetković as prime minister and Maček as vice prime minister, but it gained little support.
In 1941, the "World War II "Axis Powers occupied Yugoslavia, and establishing a government-in-exile in London. Legally, the Banovina of Croatia remained a part of the occupied Kingdom of Yugoslavia, while the Axis proceeded to dismember Yugoslav territory and the Banovina along with it. Some of the coastal areas from "Split to "Zadar and near the "Gulf of Kotor were annexed by "Fascist Italy but the remainder was added to the "Independent State of Croatia. As the "Kingdom of Yugoslavia became the "Democratic Federal Yugoslavia with the success of the "Yugoslav Partisans, a new "Federal State of Croatia was established within it, succeeding the Banovina.
In 1939, the banovina of Croatia had a population of 4,299,430 of which three quarters was Roman Catholic, one-fifth was Orthodox, and 4 percent was Muslim. The banovina was divided into 116 districts (kotari) of which 95 had an absolute and 5 had a relative Catholic majority.
The "Croatian Football Federation was the governing body of football within the Banovina. It organized "a domestic league and a "national team. The Banovina of Croatia had four international matches: two pairs of home-and-away matches against "Switzerland and "Hungary. The Croatian Rowing Championships were held on 29 June 1940.
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