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Belfries of Belgium and France
"UNESCO World Heritage Site
""World Heritage belfries map.svg
Belfry locations
"Location "Belgium; north of "France
Includes 56 "belfries
"Criteria Cultural: (ii), (iv)
Reference 943
Inscription 1999 (23rd "Session)
Extensions 2005

The Belfries of Belgium and France are a group of 56 historical buildings designated by "UNESCO as "World Heritage Site, in recognition of an architectural manifestation of emerging civic independence from feudal and religious influences in "historic Flanders and neighboring regions of the "Duchy of Burgundy.

UNESCO inscribed 32 towers onto its list of Belfries of "Flanders and "Wallonia in 1999. In 2005, the belfry of "Gembloux in the "Walloon Region of Belgium and 23 belfries from the "Nord-Pas-de-Calais and "Picardy regions in the northern tip of France were appended to the renamed list. One notable omission is the "Brussels City Hall belfry, as it is already part of the "Grand Place World Heritage Site.

However, despite this list being concerned with civic tower structures, additional six church towers were also made part of it under the pretext that they had served as watchtowers or alarm bell towers. These are the "Cathedral of Our Lady in Antwerp, "St. Rumbolds Cathedral in Mechelen, "St. Peter's Church, Leuven, St. Germanus Church in "Tienen, the Basilica of Our Lady in "Tongeren and "St. Leonard's Church in "Zoutleeuw.

Most of the structures in this list are towers projecting from larger buildings. However, a few are notably standalone, of which, a handful are rebuilt towers formerly connected to adjacent buildings.



ID numbers correspond to the order in the complete list ID 943/943bis from UNESCO, see External links.


"West Flanders[edit]

ID 943-004 "Bruges "Hallentoren belfry and halls
ID 943-006 "Diksmuide City Hall and Belfry
ID 943-011 "Kortrijk "Hallentoren Belfry[1]
ID 943-014 "Lo-Reninge (Lo) Town Hall with Belfry (at present a hotel)
ID 943-017 "Menen City Hall and adjacent Belfry
ID 943-018 "Nieuwpoort Stadshalle grain hall (market hall) with Belfry
ID 943-020 "Roeselare City Hall, Stadshalle (market hall) and Belfry
ID 943-022 "Tielt Hallentoren belfry, Cloth Hall and Aldermen's Chamber [2]
ID 943-025 "Veurne Landhuis ("country-house", former seat of the "Viscounty of Veurne-Ambacht) and Belfry [3]
ID 943-010 "Ypres "Cloth Hall with Belfry

"East Flanders[edit]

ID 943-001 "Aalst "Aldermen's House with Belfry
ID 943-005 "Dendermonde City Hall with Belfry
ID 943-007 "Eeklo City Hall with Belfry
ID 943-008 "Ghent "Belfry, Cloth Hall and Mammelokker [4]
ID 943-019 "Oudenaarde "City Hall with Belfry


ID 943-002 "Antwerp "Cathedral of Our Lady
ID 943-003 "Antwerp "City Hall [5] 
ID 943-009 "Herentals Former City & 'Laken'(Cloth) Hall
ID 943-013 "Lier City Hall and Belfry tower
ID 943-016 "Mechelen "St. Rumbolds Tower of the cathedral [6]
ID 943-015 "Mechelen Old Cloth Hall with Belfry (now part of the City Hall complex)[7]

"Flemish Brabant[edit]

ID 943-012 "Leuven "St. Peter's Church and tower
ID 943-023 "Tienen St. Germanus Church with Stadstoren (City Tower)
ID 943-026 "Zoutleeuw "St. Leonard's Church


ID 943-021 "Sint-Truiden City Hall with Tower
ID 943-024 "Tongeren Basilica of Our Lady with Stadstoren (City Tower)



ID 943-027 "Binche Belfry of the City Hall
ID 943-028 "Charleroi Belfry of the City Hall
ID 943-029 "Mons "Belfry
ID 943-031 "Thuin "Belfry
ID 943-032 "Tournai "Belfry


ID 943-056 "Gembloux Belfry
ID 943-030 "Namur "Belfry


Belfry of "Dunkirk
Belfry of "Arras
Belfry of "Lille city hall

Nord-Pas de Calais[edit]


ID 943-033 "Armentières Belfry of the City Hall 50°41′11″N 2°52′57″E / 50.68645°N 2.8824°E / 50.68645; 2.8824
ID 943-034 "Bailleul Belfry of the City Hall 50°44′23″N 2°44′04″E / 50.7397°N 2.7344°E / 50.7397; 2.7344
ID 943-035 "Bergues Belfry 50°58′05″N 2°25′58″E / 50.9680°N 2.4327°E / 50.9680; 2.4327
ID 943-036 "Cambrai Belfry of the St. Martin's Church 50°10′27″N 3°13′56″E / 50.1742°N 3.232127°E / 50.1742; 3.232127
ID 943-037 "Comines Belfry of the City Hall 50°45′55″N 3°00′26″E / 50.7653°N 3.0072°E / 50.7653; 3.0072
ID 943-038 "Douai Belfry of the City Hall 50°22′04″N 3°04′50″E / 50.3679°N 3.0805°E / 50.3679; 3.0805
ID 943-040 "Dunkirk Belfry of the City Hall[8] 51°02′15″N 2°22′36″E / 51.0376°N 2.3768°E / 51.0376; 2.3768
ID 943-039 "Dunkirk Belfry of Dunkirk[8](former church tower attached to Saint Eligius, in the 1700s transformed into a standalone municipal belfry) 51°02′08″N 2°22′35″E / 51.0356°N 2.3763°E / 51.0356; 2.3763
ID 943-041 "Gravelines Belfry 50°59′12″N 2°07′34″E / 50.9868°N 2.1261°E / 50.9868; 2.1261
ID 943-042 "Lille Belfry of the City Hall 50°37′50″N 3°04′11″E / 50.6306°N 3.0698°E / 50.6306; 3.0698
ID 943-043 "Loos Belfry of the City Hall 50°36′54″N 3°00′53″E / 50.61507°N 3.01477°E / 50.61507; 3.01477


ID 943-044 "Aire-sur-la-Lys Belfry of the City Hall 50°38′19″N 2°23′47″E / 50.6385°N 2.3963°E / 50.6385; 2.3963
ID 943-045 "Arras Belfry of the City Hall 50°17′28″N 2°46′37″E / 50.2911°N 2.7770°E / 50.2911; 2.7770
ID 943-046 "Béthune Belfry 50°31′52″N 2°38′21″E / 50.5310°N 2.6392°E / 50.5310; 2.6392
ID 943-047 "Boulogne-sur-Mer Belfry of the City Hall 50°43′30″N 1°36′48″E / 50.7250°N 1.6132°E / 50.7250; 1.6132
ID 943-048 "Calais Belfry of the City Hall 50°57′10″N 1°51′15″E / 50.9529°N 1.8542°E / 50.9529; 1.8542
ID 943-049 "Hesdin Belfry of the City Hall 50°22′23″N 2°02′11″E / 50.3730°N 2.0363°E / 50.3730; 2.0363



ID 943-050 "Abbeville Belfry 50°06′26″N 1°49′58″E / 50.1073°N 1.8329°E / 50.1073; 1.8329
ID 943-051 "Amiens Belfry 49°53′44″N 2°17′46″E / 49.8955°N 2.2960°E / 49.8955; 2.2960
ID 943-052 "Doullens Belfry of the former Municipal Hall, at present the tourist information center 50°09′19″N 2°20′28″E / 50.1554°N 2.3410°E / 50.1554; 2.3410
ID 943-053 "Lucheux Belfry on the remaining City Gate 50°11′50″N 2°24′40″E / 50.1971°N 2.4112°E / 50.1971; 2.4112
ID 943-054 "Rue Belfry 50°16′21″N 1°40′07″E / 50.2725°N 1.6687°E / 50.2725; 1.6687
ID 943-055 "Saint-Riquier Belfry 50°08′03″N 1°56′47″E / 50.1342°N 1.9464°E / 50.1342; 1.9464


See also[edit]


  1. ^ The belfry is known as Halletoren, because of an adjacent Cloth Hall that no longer exists; the tower is now free-standing.
  2. ^ The belfry is known as Hallentoren or Tower of the Halls, plural: of the two adjacent wings or halls, only one remains, hence Cloth Hall, singular.
  3. ^ The city centre's Landhuis (literally: 'country-house') was once the seat of the kasselrij or burggraafschap (viscounty) "Veurne-Ambacht, serving the countryside; here as opposed to the adjacent Stadhuis (literally: 'city-house' though always meaning the City Hall) serving the city. The Landhuis later became the Court of Justice and recently a place for cultural purposes, e.g. exhibitions, dance acts, concerts, etc.
  4. ^ The name Mammelokker (assumedly: 'Allurer of breasts') for the guard house at the part of the Cloth Hall that once served as a prison, refers to the "story of a prisoner.
  5. ^ Quote from external link Detailed argumentation for list ID 943/943bis, UNESCO Website: "The Hôtel de Ville in Antwerpen (1564) is an excellent example of the transposition of Renaissance principles in the central risalith with superposed diminishing registers flanked by obelisks and scrollwork and finished with a pediment, reiterating the theme of the central belfry." – Hôtel de Ville is French for 'City Hall', Antwerpen is the native name of 'Antwerp' in Dutch.
  6. ^ UNESCO states, inappropriately in French: ID 943-016 Tour de Saint-Rombaut ; in native Dutch language this is Sint-Romboutstoren which is the main tower of the cathedral, once also used as a watchtower against fires.
  7. ^ UNESCO states, inappropriately in French: ID 943-015 Ancienne Halle avec Beffroi ; in native Dutch language this is Oude [or: Voormalige] Halle met Belfort. This 14th-century Cloth Hall with never to its designed height built Belfry – both hardly ever used for the intended purposes – with more recent adjacent buildings, constitute the present-day City Hall.
  8. ^ a b UNESCO states: ID 943-040 Beffroi de l’Hôtel de Ville, ID 943-039 Beffroi de l'église Saint-Eloi – further reading from other source: (in French) Monuments in Dunkirk

External links[edit]

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