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Bell Helicopter Textron Inc.
"Subsidiary[1]
Industry "Aerospace
Founded 1935
Headquarters "Fort Worth, Texas, United States
Key people
Mitch Snyder, President & CEO
Products "Helicopters, "tiltrotors
"Parent "Textron
Website http://www.bellflight.com

Bell Helicopter Textron Inc. is an "American "aerospace manufacturer headquartered in "Fort Worth, Texas. A division of "Textron, Bell manufactures military "rotorcraft in and around Fort Worth, as well as in "Amarillo, Texas, and commercial "helicopters in "Mirabel, Quebec, "Canada. Bell provides training and support services worldwide.

Contents

History[edit]

Bell Aircraft[edit]

The company was founded on July 10, 1935 as "Bell Aircraft Corporation by "Lawrence Dale Bell in "Buffalo, New York. The company focused on the designing and building of fighter aircraft. Their first fighters were the "XFM-1 Airacuda, a twin-engine fighter for attacking bombers, and the "P-39 Airacobra. The "P-59 Airacomet, the first American jet fighter, the "P-63 Kingcobra, the successor to the P-39, and the "Bell X-1 were also Bell products.[2]

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The "Bell 47 is displayed at the "MoMA
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Previous Bell logo

In 1941, Bell hired "Arthur M. Young, a talented inventor, to provide expertise for "helicopter research and development. It was the foundation for what Bell hoped would be a broader economic base for his company that was not dependent on "government contracts. The "Bell 30 was their first full-size helicopter (first flight December 29, 1942) and the "Bell 47 became the first helicopter in the world rated by a "civil aviation authority, becoming a civilian and military success.[2]

Bell Helicopter[edit]

"Textron purchased Bell Aerospace in 1960. Bell Aerospace was composed of three divisions of Bell Aircraft Corporation, including its helicopter division, which had become its only division still producing complete aircraft. The helicopter division was renamed Bell Helicopter Company and in a few years, with the success of the "UH-1 Huey during the Vietnam War, it had established itself as the largest division of Textron. In January 1976, Textron changed the name of the company again to Bell Helicopter Textron.[3]

Bell Helicopter has a close association with "AgustaWestland. The partnership dates back to separate manufacturing and technology agreements with "Agusta ("Bell 47 and "Bell 206) and as a sublicence via Agusta with "Westland ("Bell 47).[4] When the two European firms merged, the partnerships were retained, with the exception of the AB139, which is now known as the "AW139. As of 2014, Bell and AW cooperate on the "AW609 "tiltrotor.[5]

Bell intends to reduce employment by 760 in 2014 as fewer "V-22s are made.[5] A "rapid prototyping center called XworX assists Bell's other divisions in improving development speed.[6]

The company was rebranded as "Bell" on February 22, 2018.[7]

Product list[edit]

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Bell 206B JetRanger III
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Comparison of the Bell 212 (U.S. Navy "HH-1N) and 412 (Mercy Air) at the Mojave Airport
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"Bell 412EP Griffin HT1 helicopter of the UK "Defence Helicopter Flying School

Commercial helicopters[edit]

Model Intro. Until MTOW (lb/t) Notes
"Bell 47 1946 1974 2,950 1.34 based on the "Bell 30 prototype, piston engine
"Bell 47J Ranger 1956 1967 2,950 1.34 Bell 47 executive variant
"Bell 204/205 1959 1980s 9,500 4.31 "Huey family civil variant, single turboshaft
"Bell 206 1967 current 3,200 1.45 light single or twin turboshaft
Bell 210 late 1970s 11,200 5.1 205B
"Bell 212 1968 1998 11,200 5.08 Civilian "UH-1N Twin Huey
"Bell 214 1972 1981 15,000 6.8 larger Huey
"Bell 214ST 1982 1993 17,500 7.94 medium twin derived from the 214
"Bell 222/230 1979 1995 8,400 3.81 light twin
"Bell 407 1995 current 6,000 2.72 four-blade single derived from the 206L-4
"Bell 412 1981 current 11,900 5.4 four-blade 212
"Bell 427 2000 2010 6,550 2.97 407 derived light twin
"Bell 429 GlobalRanger 2009 current 7,000 3.2 lengthened 427
"Bell 430 1995 2008 9,300 4.22 222/230 stretch
"Bell 525 Relentless 2018 current 20,500 9.3 in development
"Bell 505 Jet Ranger X 2017 current 3,680 1.67 206 development

Established in 1986, its "Mirabel, Quebec facility assembles and delivers most Bell's commercial helicopters and delivered its 5,000th helicopter on 12 December 2017.[8]

Not produced[edit]

Military helicopters[edit]

Tiltrotors[edit]

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V-22 in flight

Projects produced by other companies[edit]

See also[edit]

Comparable major "helicopter manufacturers include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Textron: Our Businesses". October 21, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b History of Bell Helicopter Archived June 3, 2007, at the "Wayback Machine.. bellhelicopter.com
  3. ^ "Our History". Bell Training Academy. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. 
  4. ^ "Westland History – Part 4". 
  5. ^ a b Oliver Johnson & Elan Head. "Bell CEO outlines European growth plan" Vertical, October 15, 2014. Accessed: October 21 ,2014.
  6. ^ "Bell's XworX studying improved rotor blades". Aviation International News. 
  7. ^ Bell Drops 'Helicopter,' Rebrands Company as Tech Company Redefining Flight
  8. ^ Mark Huber (December 13, 2017). "Bell Canada Delivers 5,000th Civil Helicopter". AIN. 

External links[edit]

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