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Bhavabhuti was an 8th-century scholar of "India noted for his plays and poetry, written in "Sanskrit. His plays are considered equivalent to the works of "Kalidasa. Bhavbhuti was born in Padmapura, "Vidarbha, in Gondia district, on "Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh border. His real name was Srikantha Nilakantha, and he was the son of Nilakantha and Jatukarni. He received his education at 'Padmapawaya', a place some 42 km South-West of "Gwalior. Paramhans Dnyananidhi is known to be his "guru. He composed his historical plays at 'Kalpi', a place on banks of river "Yamuna.

He is believed to have been the court poet of king "Yashovarman of "Kannauj. "Kalhana, the 12th-century historian, places him in the entourage of the king, who was defeated by "Lalitaditya Muktapida, king of Kashmir, in 736 AD.



The play is set in the city of Padmavati. The king desires that his minister's daughter Malati marry a youth called Nandana. Malati is in love with Madhava ever since she saw him and drew his portrait. Madhava reciprocates, and draws a portrait of her in turn. Malati suspects her father's motives in falling in with the King's plans for her. A side plot involves the lovers' friends Makaranda and Madayantika. The latter is attacked by a tiger, and Makaranda rescues her, getting wounded in the process. After numerous travails, all ends well, with the two couples uniting. According to the renowned sanskritist "Daniel H.H. Ingalls, the Malatimadhava is a work that combines love and horror with a felicity never again equaled in Sanskrit literature. [1]

Indebtedness to "Kautilya and "Arthashastra[edit]

According to "Dasharatha Sharma, the dramatists "Kalidasa and Bhavabhuti utilized the "Arthashastra of "Kautilya while composing their famous works. Kalidasa is indebted to Kautilya's Arthashastra for material in the Raghuvamsa.[2] Similarly, Bhavabhuti utilizes words and ideas from the Arthashastra in the Malatimadhava and the Mahaviracharita. There is indeed a striking resemblance between the methods advocated by Ravana's minister, Malayavana and the policies suggested by Kautilya in the Arthashastra.[3]


Late Laxmanrao Mankar Guruji named his education society as "Bhavbhuti Education Society" in 1950. Yashodabai Rahile founded "Bhavbhuti Mandal" (community) in 1996. O.C. Patel published a book "Bhavbhuti ab geeton mein" (Bhavbhuti, now in his songs), he also has published some audio CDs and cassettes to keep the legend's memories alive. State's local TV channel, Sayhyadri and E TV "Marathi telecasts some documentaries on the life of this great poet. People and some non profit groups have erected a few statues in the region where the poet belongs to.



  1. ^ Vidyakara; Daniel H.H. Ingalls, An Anthology of Sanskrit Court Poetry, "Harvard Oriental Series Volume 44, p. 75 
  2. ^ Indian Historical Quarterly Vol XXV, part 2
  3. ^ 'Bhavabhuti's Indebtedness to Kautilya' Journal of the Ganganath Jha Research Institute Vol VIII, part 3, May 1951

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