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Bhedābheda Vedānta is a subschool of "Vedānta, which teaches that the individual self (jīvātman) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman.

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Etymology[edit]

Bhedābheda ("Devanagari: भेदाभेद) is a Sanskrit word meaning "difference and "non-difference".[1]

Philosophy[edit]

The characteristic position of all the different Bhedābheda Vedānta schools is that the individual self (jīvātman) is both different and not different from the ultimate reality known as Brahman. Bhedābheda reconciles the positions of two other major schools of Vedānta. The "Advaita (Non-dual) Vedānta that claims that the individual self is completely identical to Brahman, and the Dvaita (Dualist) Vedānta that teaches complete difference between the individual self and Brahman. Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma Sūtra (c. 4th century CE) may also have been written from a Bhedābheda Vedāntic viewpoint.[1]

Each thinker within the Bhedābheda Vedānta tradition has their own particular understanding of the precise meanings of the philosophical terms "difference" and "non-difference". Bhedābheda Vedāntic ideas can traced to some of the very oldest Vedāntic texts, including quite possibly Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma Sūtra (c. 4th century CE).

Influence[edit]

Bhedābheda ideas had an enormous influence on the devotional ("bhakti) schools of India’s medieval period. Among medieval Bhedābheda thinkers are:

Other major names are "Bhāskara (8th and 9th centuries),[1] Rāmānuja’s teacher Yādavaprakāśa,[1] and "Vijñānabhikṣu (16th century).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bhedabheda Vedanta". Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved 2015-02-04. 
  2. ^ Malkovsky, The Role of Divine Grace in the Soteriology of Śaṃkarācārya, Leiden: Brill, p. 118,
  3. ^ Sivananda 1993, p. 247-253.

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

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