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Brussels Airport
Luchthaven Brussel-Nationaal (in Dutch)
Aéroport de Bruxelles-National (in French)
""BrusselsAirport.svg
""Brussels - National (Zaventem) - Melsbroek (BRU - EBBR - EBMB) AN1788412.jpg
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Operator Brussels Airport Company
"Belgian Air Component
Serves "Brussels, Belgium
Location "Zaventem, Belgium
"Hub for "Brussels Airlines
Elevation "AMSL 184 ft / 56 m
"Coordinates 50°54′05″N 004°29′04″E / 50.90139°N 4.48444°E / 50.90139; 4.48444"Coordinates: 50°54′05″N 004°29′04″E / 50.90139°N 4.48444°E / 50.90139; 4.48444
Website brusselsairport.be
Maps
""Airport diagram
Airport diagram
""BRU is located in Belgium
BRU
BRU
Location in Belgium
"Runways
"Direction Length Surface
m ft
01/19 2,987 9,800 Asphalt
07R/25L 3,211 10,535 Asphalt
07L/25R 3,638 11,936 Asphalt
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 21,818,418
Freight ("tonnes) 494,637
Aircraft movements 223,688
Sources: Brussels Airport,[1] Belgian "AIP[2]

Brussels Airport ("IATA: BRU, "ICAO: EBBR) (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or "Zaventem) is an "international airport 6.5 "NM (12.0 km; 7.5 mi) northeast[2] of "Brussels, the capital of "Belgium. In 2015, more than 23 million passengers arrived or departed at Brussels Airport, making it the 21st "busiest airport in Europe. It is located partially in "Zaventem, partially in the "Diegem area of "Machelen,[3] and partially in "Steenokkerzeel, in the "Flemish Region of "Belgium. It is home to around 260 companies, together directly employing 20,000 people and serves as the home base for "Brussels Airlines, "TUIfly Belgium and "Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium.

The company operating the airport is known as The Brussels Airport Company N.V./S.A.; before 19 October 2006, the name was BIAC (Brussels International Airport Company), which was created by Belgian law through a merger of BATC with the ground operations departments of the RLW/RVA. Since 2011, the airport has been owned by the "Toronto-based "Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan (39%), "Macquarie Group (Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund I and Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund III) (36%) and the "Belgian State (25%).[4]

On 22 March 2016 the airport's departures hall was severely damaged by the "two terrorist bomb blasts. The airport was closed until 3 April 2016, when it reopened with temporary facilities at less than 20% of its previous capacity.[5] It has since returned to full operations, with a record of 90,000 passengers on 29 July 2016.[6]

Contents

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The origins of Brussels Airport at Zaventem date back to 1940, when the "German occupying force claimed 600 ha (1,500 acres) of agricultural fields reserved as a back-up airfield ("Steenokkerzeel"). There the "Luftwaffe established Fliegerhorst Melsbroek and constructed 3 "runways in the shape of a triangle: runway 02/20, runway 07L/25R (both of which are still in use today) and runway 12/30. The airport buildings were constructed in the nearby municipality of Melsbroek and not of Zaventem, which is why the airfield was known to the locals as Melsbroek (in Dutch) (or "Fliegerhorst Melsbroek" in German). There is an "urban legend that the site of the airport was chosen by the Germans after asking locals where to build it–the Belgians then pointed to this location as it was often foggy.

After the liberation on 3 September 1944, the German infrastructure at Melsbroek fell into the hands of the British. When the "old civilian airport in "Haren became too small, the Belgian authorities decided to use the aerodrome at Melsbroek for the new national airport. By 1948, a new "terminal building was constructed to replace the old wooden building. In the same year, the lengths of both runways 02/20 and 07L/25R were increased, to 1,200 m (3,900 ft) and 2,450 m (8,040 ft) respectively, whereas 12/30 remained at 1,300 m (4,300 ft). The civil aerodrome of Melsbroek was officially opened by "Prince Charles, Count of Flanders, the "Prince Regent, on 20 July 1948. From 1948 to 1956 many more buildings and facilities were erected, mostly on the Melsbroek side of the site.

In 1955, a railway line from Brussels city centre to the airport was constructed. The line was officially opened by "King Baudouin on 15 May 1955.

In 1956 a new 2,300 m (7,500 ft) runway was constructed, 07R/25L, which almost runs parallel with 07L/25R. The runway is still in use today and saw its length later increased to 3,200 m (10,500 ft). In April 1956 the "Belgian government decided to build a new airport, using the same runways, but with the buildings located within the municipality of Zaventem. In April 1957, construction started of the new terminal, preparing the airport for the "1958 World Fair. The grass runway 12/30 had to make way to allow for the new passenger terminal. This new airport was inaugurated 5 July 1958, almost just in time for the 1958 World Fair. The buildings on the Melsbroek side are still in use by the "Belgian Air Force ("15th Air Transport Wing), and this is still known as Melsbroek airfield. Both Zaventem Airport and "Melsbroek Air Base, the military airfield, share the same runways.[7]

Development since the 1960s[edit]

""
""
"Sabena "Boeing 707-300 at Brussels Airport in 1966

During the boom of commercial aviation in the 1960s and 1970s, several hangars were constructed. A new "cargo terminal was constructed in 1976. In 1994, a brand new terminal was constructed adjacent to the old 1958 building. Two old piers were torn down and replaced by modern ones. In 2002, amidst the turmoil surrounding the demise of the national airline "Sabena, a new pier was opened.

In 2005, the airport was awarded Best Airport in Europe by "Airports Council International/"International Air Transport Association (ACI/IATA), based on a survey of over 100,000 passengers worldwide. Brussels Airport continued to appear in top airports lists as of 2012. A direct train link with "Leuven and "Liège was opened on 12 December 2005.

In 2007, the airport served 17.8 million passengers, an increase of 7% over 2006. The cargo volume in the same year amounted to 780,000 tonnes, an increase of 8.9% over 2006. In 2008, the airport served 18.5 million passengers, which was an increase of 3.7% over the previous year.[8]

Sabena's demise meant a sharp fall in passenger traffic, a blow from which the airport only slowly recovered. The airport's future is threatened by disagreement between the governments of "Flanders and the Brussels Capital Region concerning night-time air traffic routes.

In March 2009, the old mechanical "Flight information display systems were replaced by electronic ones.[9] In September 2009, CEO Wilfried Van Assche resigned. One of the (unofficial) reasons was the delay in the construction of the low-cost terminal and the possible lawsuit by 52 airlines active at Brussels Airport, on the grounds of tax discrimination. It was Van Assche who started expanding the Long-Haul network ("Jet Airways, "Hainan Airlines, "Etihad Airways and "US Airways) at Brussels Airport. In February 2010 Arnaud Feist was appointed CEO. The Chairman of the Board is Marc Descheemaecker.

According to an unofficial study, Brussels Airport is the most noise-polluting airport of 30 European airports in terms of the noise levels created and the number of people affected by take-off and landing operations.[10]

In November 2015, "Jet Airways announced to shut down their scissor hub operations at Brussels Airport, which they maintained for several years, by 26 March 2016.[11] Two routes incoming from India met here and exchanged passengers for the onward flights to "Newark and "Toronto.[12]

2016 Brussels bombings[edit]

On 22 March 2016, two explosions took place in Brussels Airport at 07:58 local time. One occurred near the "American Airlines and "Brussels Airlines check-in desks and the other next to a "Starbucks coffee shop. A third bomb was found in the airport and detonated in a controlled explosion. The airport was closed after the attacks until 3 April, when it reopened with temporary facilities at less than 20% of its previous passenger capacity.[5] Flights bound to Brussels Airport were either canceled or diverted to nearby airports such as "Brussels South Charleroi Airport, "Ostend–Bruges International Airport, and "Schiphol. At 09:11 "CET, an explosion took place at "Maelbeek/Maalbeek metro station. "ISIL claimed responsibility for the attacks as an act of revenge against "Belgium for participation in the ongoing "Military intervention against ISIL.[13]

Facilities[edit]

""
""
Terminal exterior
""
""
Departures area at Pier A
""
""
Runway and apron
""
""
Control tower

Brussels Airport uses a one terminal concept, meaning that all the facilities are located under a single roof. The terminal building consists of several levels. The "railway station is located on −1, buses and taxis arrive at 0, arrivals are located on level 2 and departures on level 3. Levels 2 and 3 are connected to the airport's two piers (A and B).[14]

Pier A[edit]

Pier A is the newest pier on Brussels Airport and was opened on 15 May 2002. This pier was destined to support flights from and to the "Schengen countries (A-gates). However, since 15 October 2008 all "Brussels Airlines flights to African destinations are also handled at this pier. Therefore, border control was installed towards the end of the pier in order to create a new pier. As a result, gates A61-72 were renamed T61-72. Later, Brussels Airlines' daily flight to New York was also moved here from pier B.

Until March 26, 2015,[15] Pier A was connected to the main building via a 400-metre-long (1,300 ft) tunnel under the apron. Each pier used to have its own security zone, so transfer between the piers involved a security check. This tunnel was replaced by the "Connector", a new building that links both piers above ground and allows passengers to walk straight from the check-in desk to their gate in pier A or B, without changing floors. In the opposite direction, the building provides arriving passengers with a smooth and convenient passage to the baggage reclaim hall and the exit. Furthermore, border control has been relocated to a 25-lane screening platform (Europe's largest) inside the Connector which means that changing planes no longer requires a security check.

Pier B[edit]

Pier B is the oldest pier still in use at Brussels Airport and is only used for flights outside the "Schengen Area. Pier B is connected immediately to the main departure hall and consists of two decks. The upper deck (level 3) is at the same level as the departure halls and is used for the departing passengers, whereas the lower deck (level 2) is used for arriving passengers and connects immediately to border control and the "baggage claim area.

Planned[edit]

Pier A West[edit]

Pier A West is a planned expansion of Pier A, and is meant to relieve Pier B by also handling flights from non-"Schengen countries. Pier A West was due to open in 2016, but because of the slow passenger growth, Brussels Airport announced in July 2013 that the works would be delayed. However, in November 2015, Brussels Airport announced a major 550 million euro investment and pointed out that within this investment the extension of the pier is included.[16]

Low-cost pier[edit]

Just as is the case for Pier A West, the construction of a new "low-cost pier is currently on hold. It will be built roughly where the old south pier used to be. At present, several low-cost airlines including "Ryanair and "Wizz Air fly to "Brussels-South Charleroi Airport, 40 km (25 mi) away from Brussels.[17] In autumn 2013, low-cost carrier "Pegasus Airlines has announced it will end its flights between Brussels Airport and "Turkey. The service between Brussels and "Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen will relocate to Brussels-South Charleroi Airport. However, "Turkish Airlines announced on 26 November 2013 it will offer one daily flight on the same route, starting one month after Pegasus terminates its operations at the airport.[18] One day later, Ryanair announced the opening of a second Belgian base at Brussels Airport, giving a boost to low-cost traffic at Brussels Airport. Ryanair announced on 27 November 10 new routes from Brussels Airport,[19] although Brussels-South Charleroi Airport will remain the low-cost carrier's primary Belgian base.

Services[edit]

Shops, bars and restaurants are scattered throughout the building. A few facilities are located in the departure area. These are mostly convenience stores and small shops such as the airport shop, a pharmacy, "Relay stores and a coffee shop. But most of the facilities can only be accessed after Security control –and are tax free. Several brands and chains have a branch in both piers, however several only operate in pier A. The airport also features places of worship (for "Catholics, "Jews, "Muslims, "Orthodox Christians and "Protestants), as well as a place for meditation for "humanists. The airport provides meeting facilities and can host congresses up to 600 participants, either in the Regus Skyport Meeting Center or in the "Sheraton Brussels Airport Hotel. The latter is the only hotel located on the airport grounds, opposite the terminal. Shuttle services are provided to 14 nearby hotels.

All passengers now have unlimited free Wi-Fi access.[20] "Telenet, "Boingo Wireless and iPass Inc. customers continue to have unlimited free Wi-Fi access through their personal accounts.[21]

Other facilities[edit]

Several airlines have or had its head offices at the grounds of Brussels Airport. "Brussels Airlines has its corporate head office in the b.house, Airport Building 26, located in "Diegem, "Machelen.[3][22] "European Air Transport had its head office in Building 4–5, in "Zaventem.[23] Before "Sabena went out of business, its head office was in the Sabena House on the grounds of Brussels Airport.[24] When it existed, "Virgin Express had its head office in Building 116 in Zaventem.[25] "SN Brussels, which formed in 2002, had its head office in Airport Building 117 in Zaventem when it existed.[26] Prior to its disestablishment, "Sobelair had its head office in Building 45 in Zaventem.[27][28] "CityBird was based in building 117D.[29] The cargo airline "Cargo B Airlines had its head office in the Brucarco Building 706 in Zaventem.[30]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Brussels:[31]

Airlines Destinations
"Adria Airways "Ljubljana
"Aegean Airlines "Athens
Seasonal: "Corfu, "Heraklion, "Rhodes, "Thessaloniki
"Aer Lingus "Dublin
"Aeroflot "Moscow–Sheremetyevo
"Air Algérie "Algiers, "Oran
"Air Arabia Maroc "Fez, "Casablanca, "Nador, "Tangier
"airBaltic "Riga
"Air Canada "Montréal–Trudeau
"Air Europa "Madrid
"Air France
operated by "HOP!
"Lyon
"Air Malta "Malta
"Air Moldova "Chișinău
"Air Serbia "Belgrade
"Air Transat Seasonal: "Montréal–Trudeau
"Alitalia "Milan–Linate, "Rome–Fiumicino
"Alitalia
operated by "Alitalia CityLiner
"Milan–Linate
"All Nippon Airways "Tokyo–Narita
"Austrian Airlines "Vienna
"Blue Air "Bacău, "Bucharest, "Iași
Seasonal: "Constanța
"BMI Regional "Bristol (begins 29 October 2017)[32], "East Midlands, "Nuremberg (begins 29 October 2017)[32], "Newcastle upon Tyne
"British Airways "London–Heathrow
"Brussels Airlines "Abidjan, "Accra, "Agadir (resumes 28 October 2017), "Alicante, "Athens, "Banjul, "Barcelona, "Basel/Mulhouse, "Berlin-Tegel, "Bilbao, "Birmingham, "Bologna, "Budapest, "Bujumbura, "Conakry, "Copenhagen, "Cotonou, "Dakar, "Douala, "Edinburgh (starts 29 October 2017), "Entebbe, "Faro, "Freetown, "Fuerteventura (begins 31 October 2017), "Funchal, "Geneva, "Gothenburg, "Gran Canaria, "Hamburg, "Hurghada (begins 29 October 2017), "Kigali, "Kinshasa-N'djili, "Kraków, "Lanzarote (begins 29 October 2017), "Lisbon, "Lomé, "London–Heathrow, "Luanda, "Lyon, "Madrid, "Málaga, "Manchester, "Marrakech, "Marsa Alam (begins 30 October 2017), "Marseille, "Milan–Linate, "Milan–Malpensa, "Monrovia, "Moscow–Domodedovo, "Mumbai, "Naples, "New York–JFK, "Nice, "Oslo–Gardermoen, "Ouagadougou, "Palma de Mallorca, "Paris–Charles de Gaulle, "Prague, "Rome–Fiumicino, "Stockholm-Bromma, "Strasbourg, "Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, "Tenerife–South, "Toronto–Pearson, "Toulouse, "Venice, "Vienna, "Vilnius, "Warsaw–Chopin, "Yaoundé, "Yerevan, "Zagreb
Seasonal: "Ajaccio, "Almería (begins 25 March 2018), "Bastia, "Boa Vista (begins 29 October 2017), "Bordeaux, "Burgas (begins 29 April 2018), "Calvi, "Catania, "Chania (begins 21 April 2018), "Comiso, "Corfu (begins 28 April 2018), "Dubrovnik, "Enfidha (begins 31 March 2018), "Figari, "Florence, "Girona (begins 19 May 2018), "Heraklion, "Ibiza, "Jerez de la Frontera (begins 2 May 2018), "Kos (begins 14 April 2018), "Lourdes, "Menorca (begins 12 May 2018), "Mykonos (begins 4 May 2018), "Ohrid (begins 28 May 2018), "Olbia, "Palermo, "Paphos (begins 31 March 2018), "Porto, "Reus (begins 19 May 2018), "Rhodes, "Sal (begins 29 October 2017), "Santorini (begins 4 May 2018), "Seville, "Sharm El Sheikh (begins 29 June 2018), "Split (begins 28 April 2018), "St. Petersburg, "Thessaloniki, "Tivat (begins 9 May 2018), "Varna (begins 5 May 2018), "Washington–Dulles, "Zagreb (begins 25 March 2018), "Zakynthos (begins 26 April 2018)
"Brussels Airlines
operated by "ASL Airlines France
"Paris–Charles de Gaulle
"Brussels Airlines
operated by "BMI Regional
"Bremen (ends 27 October 2017), "Bristol (ends 28 October 2017)[32], "Hannover, "Nuremberg (ends 28 October 2017)[32], "Strasbourg, "Turin (ends 10 March 2018), "Birmingham
"Brussels Airlines
operated by "CityJet
"Basel, "Billund, "Berlin-Tegel, "Birmingham, "Bologna, "Copenhagen, "Edinburgh (ends 28 October 2017), "Geneva, "Gothenburg, "Hamburg, "Hannover, "Krakow, "Milan-Linate, "Milan-Malpensa, "Nantes, "Nice, "Prague, "Stockholm-Bromma, "Turin (begins 11 March 2018),[33] "Venice, "Vienna, "Warsaw-Chopin
"Bulgaria Air "Sofia
"Cathay Pacific "Hong Kong (begins 25 March 2018)[34]
"Cobalt Air Seasonal: "Larnaca
"Corendon Airlines "Antalya, "Bodrum, "Burgas, "Dalaman, "Faro
"Corendon Dutch Airlines Seasonal: "Heraklion
"Croatia Airlines "Zagreb
"Czech Airlines "Prague
"Delta Air Lines "Atlanta, "New York–JFK
"easyJet "Bordeaux, "Naples (ends 27 October 2017), "Nice
"easyJet Switzerland "Basel/Mulhouse, "Geneva
"EgyptAir "Cairo
"El Al "Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
"Emirates "Dubai–International
"Ethiopian Airlines "Addis Ababa1
"Etihad Airways "Abu Dhabi
"Eurowings
operated by "Air Berlin
"Berlin-Tegel (begins 29 October 2017),[35] "Stuttgart
"Eurowings
operated by "Eurowings Europe
"Salzburg
"Eurowings
operated by "Germanwings
"Stuttgart
"Finnair "Helsinki
"Finnair
operated by "Nordic Regional Airlines
"Helsinki
"Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: "Antalya, "Bodrum
"Georgian Airways "Tbilisi (begins 25 March 2018)[36]
"Hainan Airlines "Beijing–Capital, "Shanghai–Pudong (resumes 25 October 2017)[37]
"Iberia "Madrid
"Icelandair "Reykjavík–Keflavík
"KLM "Amsterdam
"KLM
operated by "KLM Cityhopper
"Amsterdam
"LOT Polish Airlines "Warsaw–Chopin
"Lufthansa "Frankfurt, "Munich
"Lufthansa Regional
operated by "Lufthansa CityLine
"Frankfurt, "Munich
"Middle East Airlines "Beirut
"Nordica
operated by "LOT Polish Airlines
"Tallinn
"Nouvelair Seasonal charter: "Djerba, "Monastir
"Onur Air "Antalya
"Pegasus Airlines Seasonal: "Antalya
"Qatar Airways "Doha
"Qeshm Air "Tehran–Imam Khomeini
"Royal Wings Seasonal charter: "Aqaba
"Royal Air Maroc "Casablanca, "Nador, "Rabat, "Tangier
Seasonal: "Al Hoceima, "Oujda
"RwandAir "Kigali2
"Ryanair "Alicante, "Barcelona, "Berlin-Schönefeld, "Dublin, "Larnaca, "Lisbon, "Madrid, "Málaga, "Malta (ends 24 March 2018), "Milan–Malpensa, "Porto, "Rome–Fiumicino, "Treviso, "Valencia
Seasonal: "Hamburg, "Ibiza, "Palma de Mallorca
"Scandinavian Airlines "Copenhagen, "Oslo–Gardermoen, "Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: "Gothenburg
"SunExpress Seasonal: "Ankara, "Izmir
"Swiss International Air Lines "Zürich
"Swiss International Air Lines
operated by "Swiss Global Air Lines
"Zürich
"Tailwind Airlines Charter: "Antalya, "Eskişehir
"TAP Air Portugal "Lisbon
"TAROM "Bucharest
"Thai Airways "Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
"Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium "Agadir (ends 26 October 2017), "Almería (ends 29 October 2017), "Fuerteventura (ends 31 October 2017), "Funchal (ends 29 October 2017), "Gran Canaria (ends 29 October 2017), "Hurghada (ends 21 October 2017), "Lanzarote (ends 31 October 2017), "Marrakesh (ends 26 October 2017), "Palma de Mallorca (ends 22 October 2017), "Tenerife–South (ends 31 October 2017)[38]
Seasonal: "Burgas (ends 30 October 2017), "Corfu (ends 21 October 2017), "Heraklion (ends 27 October 2017), "Kos (ends 21 October 2017), "Marsa Alam (ends 23 October 2017), "Paphos (ends 20 October 2017)[39][38]
"TUI fly Belgium "Agadir, "Alicante, "Almería, "Antalya, "Banjul, "Boa Vista, "Cancún, "Fuerteventura, "Funchal, "Gran Canaria, "Hurghada, "Lanzarote, "Málaga, "Marrakech, "Marsa Alam, "Miami, "Montego Bay, "La Palma, "Pristina, "Punta Cana, "Rabat, "Sal, "Santo Domingo, "Sharm el-Sheikh, "Tenerife–South, "Tirana, "Varadero
Seasonal: "Ajaccio, "Athens, "Bastia, "Bodrum, "Brač, "Brindisi, "Burgas, "Catania, "Chania, "Corfu, "Dalaman, "Dubrovnik, "Faro, "Girona, "Heraklion, "Ibiza, "Izmir, "Jerez de la Frontera, "Kittilä, "Kos, "Lamezia Terme, "Lourdes, "Menorca, "Mykonos, "Naples, "Olbia, "Orlando/Sanford, "Palermo, "Palma de Mallorca, "Paphos, "Patras, "Ponta Delgada, "Reus, "Rhodes, "Samos, "Santorini, "Thessaloniki, "Tivat, "Varna, "Volos, "Zakynthos, "Zanzibar
"Tunisair "Djerba, "Enfidha, "Monastir, "Tunis
"Turkish Airlines "Istanbul–Atatürk, "Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
"Ukraine International Airlines "Kiev–Boryspil
"United Airlines "Chicago–O'Hare, "Newark, "Washington–Dulles
"Vueling "Alicante, "Barcelona, "Málaga, "Valencia
Seasonal: "Ibiza, "Palma de Mallorca, "Santiago de Compostela
"WOW air "Reykjavík–Keflavík

^1 "Ethiopian's flight from Brussels to Addis Ababa makes a stop in Vienna. However, the airline does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Brussels and Vienna.
^2 "RwandAir's flight from Brussels to Kigali continues on to London-Gatwick. However, the airline does not have traffic rights to transport passengers solely between Brussels and London-Gatwick.

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
"Air Algérie Cargo "Algiers, "Casablanca
"Asiana Cargo "Anchorage, "Halifax, "London–Stansted, "New York–JFK, "Seoul–Incheon
"ASL Airlines Belgium "Helsinki
"DHL Aviation
operated by "AeroLogic
"Bahrain, "Leipzig/Halle
"DHL Aviation
operated by "DHL Air UK
"Cincinnati, "Lagos, "Leipzig/Halle
"DHL Aviation
operated by "European Air Transport Leipzig
"Bergamo, "Budapest, "Copenhagen, "East Midlands, "Leipzig/Halle, "Lisbon, "London–Heathrow, "Vitoria
"DHL Aviation
operated by "Kalitta Air
"Bahrain, "Cincinnati, "Leipzig/Halle
"DHL Aviation
operated by "Swiftair
"Barcelona, "Bratislava, "Madrid
"Emirates SkyCargo "Chicago–O'Hare, "Dubai–Al Maktoum
"Ethiopian Airlines Cargo "Addis Ababa, "Dubai–Al Maktoum, "Guangzhou, "Hong Kong, "New York–JFK, "Shanghai[40]
"Finnair Cargo
operated by "European Air Transport Leipzig
"Helsinki
"Qatar Airways Cargo "Doha, "Entebbe, "London Stansted, "Nairobi, "Oslo–Gardermoen, "Stavanger
"Royal Air Maroc "Casablanca
"Saudia Cargo "Dammam, "Jeddah, "Milan–Malpensa, "Riyadh, "Vienna
"Singapore Airlines Cargo "Bangalore, "Chennai, "Chicago–O'Hare, "Dallas/Fort Worth, "Los Angeles, "Mumbai, "Sharjah, "Singapore

Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Traffic by calendar year[1][41]
Year Passenger volume Change over previous year Aircraft operations Change over previous year Cargo (tonnes) Change over previous year
2016 21,818,418 Decrease07.00% 223,688 Decrease06.50% 494,637 Increase01.10%
2015 23,460,018 Increase06.96% 239,349 Increase03.38% 489,303 Increase07.79%
2014 21,933,190 Increase014.60% 231,528 Increase06.90% 453,954 Increase05.60%
2013 19,133,222 Increase00.90% 216,678 Decrease03.00% 429,938 Decrease06.40%
2012 18,971,332 Increase01.00% 223,431 Decrease04.40% 459,265 Decrease03.30%
2011 18,786,034 Increase09.30% 233,758 Increase03.60% 475,124 Decrease00.20%
2010 17,180,606 Increase01.10% 225,682 Decrease02.60% 476,135 Increase06.00%
2009 16,999,154 Decrease08.20% 231,668 Decrease010.50% 449,132 Decrease032.1%
2008 18,515,730 Increase03.40% 258,795 Decrease02.10% 661,143 Decrease015.60%
2007 17,900,000 Increase07.10% 264,366 Increase03.80% 783,727 Increase08.90%
2006 16,707,892 Increase03.30% 254,772 Increase00.60% 719,561 Increase02.40%
2005 16,179,733 Increase03.50% 253,255 Decrease00.30% 702,819 Increase05.80%
2004 15,632,773 Increase02.90% 254,070 Increase00.70% 664,375 Increase09.40%
2003 15,194,097 Increase05.40% 252,249 Decrease01.80% 607,136 Increase013.1%
2002 14,410,555 Decrease026.8% 256,889 Decrease015.9% 536,826 Decrease08.00%
2001 19,684,867 Decrease09.00% 305,532 Decrease06.30% 583,729 Decrease015.1%
2000 21,637,003 Increase07.90% 352,972 Increase04.20% 687,385 Increase01.90%
1999 20,048,532 Increase015.7% 312,892 Increase04.30% 674,837
1998 18,400,000 Increase015.7% 300,000 Increase08.30%
1997 15,900,000 Increase018.7% 277,000 Increase04.90%
1996 13,400,000 Increase07.20% 264,000
1995 12,500,000 Increase011.6%
1994 11,200,000
1993 10,000,000+
1950 240,000+

Routes[edit]

Busiest European routes from Brussels Airport[42]
Rank Destination Airport(s) Passengers 2015 Passengers 2016
1 "Barcelona "BCN 862,165 889,180
2 "Madrid "MAD 805,092 763,016
3 "Rome "FCO 793,605 713,392
4 "Berlin "TXL, "SXF 510,143 703,272
5 "Lisbon "LIS 725,839 698,131
6 "London "LHR, "LGW 723,081 587,487
7 "Geneva "GVA 570,261 545,230
8 "Malaga "AGP 463,838 499,228
9 "Milan "MXP, "LIN 542,962 492,068
10 "Frankfurt "FRA 517,941 467,068
Busiest Intercontinental routes from Brussels Airport[42]
Rank Destination Airport(s) Passengers 2015 Passengers 2016
1 "New York City "JFK, "EWR 601,314 441,212
2 "Tel Aviv "TLV 289,395 267,366
3 "Washington, D.C. "IAD 221,855 212,027
4 "Dubai "DXB 209,476 187,049
5 "Montréal "YUL 180,628 174,843
6 "Doha "DOH 147,395 156,644
7 "Abu Dhabi "AUH 171,407 144,239
8 "Casablanca "CMN 159,188 142,294
9 "Beijing "PEK 114,673 108,464
10 "Bangkok "BKK 100,026 101,434

Ground transportation[edit]

Road[edit]

""
""
Brussels Airport bus service

Brussels Airport can be reached by car via the A201, which is directly connected to the "Brussels Ring Road. From there, the main "highways of Belgium can directly be accessed. Private partners provide three car parks at the airport, offering in total 10,600 parking spaces. "Shell operates a self-service "gas station near the exit of the airport complex.

Several car rental services are located in the airport as well. "Europcar, "Hertz, "Sixt and "Thrifty all operate at Brussels Airport. Taxi2Share provides sharing cab service from airport.

"De Lijn provides bus transportation to and from various cities in Flanders from platforms A and B (via "Brucargo). The "MIVB/STIB provides transportation into Brussels city centre at "Brussels Luxembourg Station via line 12 (weekdays before 8 pm) or line 21 (weekends and evenings after 8 pm) from platform C. Platform E is used by the Hotel Shuttles, offering shuttle services to several hotels near the area.

"Taxis are permanently available in front of the arrivals hall. Licensed taxis can be recognized by the blue and yellow emblem.

Rail[edit]

The "Airport Railway Station is located under the airport building at level −1. The train station has direct services to "Antwerp, Brussels, "De Panne, "Ghent, "Hasselt, "Landen, "Leuven, "Mechelen, "Nivelles and "Quévy. At least four trains per hour serve the most used link to "Brussels South Railway Station, where international connections are offered by "Eurostar (to London), "Thalys (to "Amsterdam, "Avignon, "Cologne, "Essen, "Lille, "Marseille, Paris and "Valence), "ICE (to "Cologne and "Frankfurt), and "Eurocity (to "Basel, "Bern, "Chur, "Luxembourg and "Zürich).

A direct train link with Leuven was opened on 12 December 2005. A direct link with "Antwerp and "Mechelen via the so-called "Diabolo line was opened for public service on 10 June 2012. The Diabolo project is a "public-private partnership. It has been decided that all rail passengers to the "Brussels National Airport railway station pay a "Diabolo supplement" to finance the ongoing and planned work.

As of December 2014, a direct train link between "Bruges and the Airport will be offered,[43] just as an Intercity service to "Schiphol and "Amsterdam.[44]

Since the new "Schuman-Josaphat tunnel[45] has been finished, a new connection has been established to connect Brussels Airport directly to the stations of the EU quarter, being "Brussels-Schuman and "Brussels-Luxembourg. This brought the travel time between the Airport and the EU quarter to 15 minutes. The Belgian Railways announced the line to open as an hourly service.[46][47][48] However, the line now sees a train every 30 minutes on weekdays.[49]

Tram[edit]

In an attempt to alleviate gridlock around Brussels, the regional transport company "De Lijn started the Brabantnet project.[50] Three new lightrail lines will be created, of which 2 will have a stop at Brussels Airport;

The Brabantnet project is scheduled to be finished by 2020.

To speed up the process, testing started in August 2016 with a Trambus, a "Bus rapid transit system developed by Belgian bus builder "Van Hool. As these require less investment, the Ring Tram line could enter in Service as early as 2019. This Trambus solution would be an in-between step until the Tram line is finished.[51]

Bicycle[edit]

Brussels Airport has a special separated road that provides access to the airport for bikers and pedestrians. There is also a special place to park bikes. By 2018 a connection will be created between the airport and the Bike Highway "Brussels - "Leuven.[52] This should increase the number of employees commuting by bike, which only stands at 1%.[53]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

""
""
The "Boeing 747 that overran the runway in 2008

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates "public domain material from the "Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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External links[edit]

"" Media related to Brussels Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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