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""Bundesliga logo (2017).svg
Organising body "Deutsche Fußball Liga
Founded "1963; 55 years ago (1963)
Country Germany
"Confederation "UEFA
Number of teams 18
Level on pyramid "1
"Relegation to "2. Bundesliga
Domestic cup(s)
International cup(s)
Current champions "Bayern Munich (26th title)
Most championships "Bayern Munich (26 titles)
Most capped player "Germany "Karl-Heinz Körbel (602)
Top goalscorer "Germany "Gerd Müller (365)
TV partners
"2017–18 Bundesliga

The Bundesliga "[ˈbʊndəsˌliːɡa] (lit. English: "Federal League", sometimes referred to as the Fußball-Bundesliga "[ˈfuːsbal ˈbʊndəsˌliːɡa] or 1. Bundesliga "[ˈeːɐ̯stə ˈbʊndəsˌliːɡa]) is a professional "association football league in Germany and the football league with the highest "average stadium attendance worldwide. At the top of the "German football league system, the Bundesliga is Germany's primary football competition. The Bundesliga comprises 18 teams and operates on a system of "promotion and relegation with the "2. Bundesliga. Seasons run from August to May. Most games are played on Saturdays and Sundays, with a few games played on weekdays. All of the Bundesliga clubs qualify for the "DFB-Pokal. The winner of the Bundesliga qualifies for the "DFL-Supercup.

A total of 54 clubs have competed in the Bundesliga since its founding. "Bayern Munich has won the Bundesliga the most, winning the title 26 times. However, the Bundesliga has seen other champions with "Borussia Dortmund, "Hamburger SV, "Werder Bremen, "Borussia Mönchengladbach and "VfB Stuttgart most prominent among them. The Bundesliga is one of the top national leagues, ranked second in Europe according to "UEFA's "league coefficient ranking at the end of the 2016–17 season, based on performances in European competitions over the past five seasons.[1] The Bundesliga is the number-one football league in the world in terms of average attendance; out of all sports, its average of 45,134 fans per game during the 2011–12 season was the second highest of any sports league in the world after the "National Football League.[2] The Bundesliga is broadcast on television in over 200 countries.[3]

The Bundesliga was founded in 1962 in "Dortmund and the first season started in 1963. The structure and organisation of the Bundesliga along with Germany's other football leagues have undergone frequent changes right up to the present day. The Bundesliga was founded by the "Deutscher Fußball-Bund (English: German Football Association), but is now operated by the "Deutsche Fußball Liga (English: German Football League).



The winner of the Bundesliga receives the "Deutsche Meisterschale" (English: "German championship trophy")

The Bundesliga is composed of two divisions: the 1. Bundesliga (although it is rarely referred to with the First prefix), and, below that, the 2. Bundesliga (2nd Bundesliga), which has been the second tier of German football "since 1974. The Bundesligen (plural) are professional leagues. Since 2008, the "3. Liga (3rd League) in Germany has also been a professional league, but may not be called Bundesliga because the league is run by the German Football Association (DFB) and not, as are the two Bundesligen, by the "German Football League (Deutsche Fußball-Liga or DFL).

Below the level of the 3. Liga, leagues are generally subdivided on a regional basis. For example, the Regionalligen are currently made up of Nord (North), Nordost (Northeast), Süd (South), Südwest (Southwest) and West divisions. Below this are thirteen parallel divisions, most of which are called Oberligen (upper leagues) which represent federal states or large urban and geographical areas. The levels below the "Oberligen differ between the local areas. The league structure has changed frequently and typically reflects the degree of participation in the sport in various parts of the country. In the early 1990s, changes were driven by the "reunification of Germany and the subsequent integration of the national league of East Germany.

Every team in the two Bundesligen must have a licence to play in the league, or else they are relegated into the regional leagues. To obtain a licence, teams must be financially healthy and meet certain standards of conduct as organisations.

As in other national leagues, there are significant benefits to being in the top division:

The 1. Bundesliga is financially strong, and the 2. Bundesliga has begun to evolve in a similar direction, becoming more stable organizationally and financially, and reflecting an increasingly higher standard of professional play.

"Borussia Dortmund against rivals "Schalke, known as the "Revierderby, in the Bundesliga in 2009

Internationally, the most well-known German clubs include "Bayern Munich, "Borussia Dortmund, "Schalke 04, "Hamburger SV, "VfB Stuttgart, "Borussia Mönchengladbach, "Werder Bremen and "Bayer Leverkusen. Hamburger SV is the only club to have played continuously in the Bundesliga since its foundation.

In the 2008–09 season, the Bundesliga reinstated an earlier German system of promotion and relegation, which had been in use from 1981 until 1991:

From 1992 until 2008, a different system had been used in which the bottom three finishers of the Bundesliga had been automatically relegated, to be replaced by the top three finishers in the 2. Bundesliga. From 1963 until 1981 two, or later three, teams had been relegated from the Bundesliga automatically, while promotion had been decided either completely or partially in "promotion play-offs.

The season starts in early August[4] and lasts until late May, with a winter break of six weeks (mid-December through to the end of January). In recent years, games have been played on Saturdays (five games beginning at 3:30 pm and one game beginning at 6:30 pm) and Sundays (one game beginning at 3:30 pm and one game at 5:30 pm). A new television deal in 2006 reintroduced a Friday game (beginning at 8:30 pm).



Prior to the formation of the Bundesliga, German football was played at an amateur level in a large number of sub-regional leagues until, in 1949, part-time (semi-) professionalism was introduced and only five regional Oberligen (Premier Leagues) remained. Regional champions and runners-up played a series of playoff matches for the right to compete in a final game for the national championship. On 28 January 1900, a national association, the "Deutscher Fußball Bund (DFB) had been founded in "Leipzig with 86 member clubs. The first recognised national championship team was "VfB Leipzig, who beat "DFC Prague 7–2 in a game played at "Altona on 31 May 1903.

Through the 1950s, there were continued calls for the formation of a central professional league, especially as professional leagues in other countries began to draw Germany's best players away from the semi-professional domestic leagues. At the international level the German game began to falter as German teams often fared poorly against professional teams from other countries. A key supporter of the central league concept was national team head coach Sepp Herberger who said, “If we want to remain competitive internationally, we have to raise our expectations at the national level.”

Meanwhile, in East Germany, a separate league was established with the formation of the "DS-Oberliga (Deutscher Sportausschuss Oberliga) in 1950. The league was renamed the Football Oberliga DFV in 1958 and was generally referred to simply as the DDR-Liga or DDR-Oberliga. The league fielded 14 teams with two relegation spots.


The Bundesliga was founded at the annual DFB convention at the "Westfalenhallen in "Dortmund on 28 July 1962

The defeat of the national team by Yugoslavia (0–1) in a 1962 World Cup quarter-final game in Chile was one impetus (of many) towards the formation of a national league. At the annual "DFB convention under new DFB president "Hermann Gösmann (elected that very day) the Bundesliga was created in "Dortmund at the "Westfalenhallen on 28 July 1962 to begin play starting with the "1963–64 season.[5]

At the time, there were five Oberligen (Premier Leagues) in place representing West Germany's North, South, West, Southwest, and Berlin. East Germany, behind the Iron Curtain, maintained its separate league structure. 46 clubs applied for admission to the new league. 16 teams were selected based on their success on the field, economic criteria and representation of the various Oberligen.

The first Bundesliga games were played on 24 August 1963. Early favourite 1. FC Köln was the first Bundesliga champion (with 45:19 points) over second place clubs Meidericher SV and Eintracht Frankfurt (both 39:25).


Following "German reunification, the East German leagues were merged into the West German system. "Dynamo Dresden and "F.C. Hansa Rostock were seeded into the top-tier Bundesliga division, with other clubs being sorted into lower tiers.

Competition format[edit]


The German football champion is decided strictly by play in the Bundesliga. Each club plays every other club once at home and once away. Originally, a victory was worth two points, with one point for a draw and none for a loss. Since the 1995–96 season, a victory has been worth three points, while a draw remains worth a single point, and zero points are given for a loss. The club with the most points at the end of the season becomes German champion. Currently, the top three clubs in the table qualify automatically for the group phase of the "UEFA Champions League, while the fourth-place team enters the Champions League at the third qualifying round (see overview). The two teams at the bottom of the table are relegated into the 2. Bundesliga, while the top two teams in the 2. Bundesliga are promoted. The 16th-placed team (third-last), and the third-placed team in the 2. Bundesliga play a two-leg play-off match. The winner of this match plays the next season in the Bundesliga, and the loser in the 2. Bundesliga.

If teams are level on points, tie-breakers are applied in the following order:

  1. Goal difference for the entire season
  2. Total goals scored for the entire season
  3. Head-to-head results (total points)
  4. Head-to-head goals scored
  5. Head-to-head away goals scored
  6. Total away goals scored for the entire season

If two clubs are still tied after all of these tie-breakers have been applied, a single match is held at a neutral site to determine the placement. However, this has never been necessary in the history of the Bundesliga.

In terms of team selection, matchday squads must have no more than five non-EU representatives. Seven substitutes are permitted to be selected, from which three can be used in the duration of the game.

Changes in league structure[edit]

Qualification for European competitions[edit]

The number of German clubs which may participate in UEFA competitions is determined by "UEFA coefficients, which take into account the results of a particular nation's clubs in UEFA competitions over the preceding five years.

History of European qualification


Club Position in "2015–16 First Bundesliga season Number of seasons in Bundesliga First season of current spell Number of seasons of current spell Bundesliga titles National titles Last title
"FC Augsburgb 12th 2011–12 6 2011–12 6 0 0 -
"Bayer Leverkusenb 3rd 1979–80 38 1979–80 38 0 0 -
"Bayern Munichb 1st 1965–66 52 1965–66 52 26 27 2017
"Borussia Dortmunda 2nd 1963–64 50 1976–77 41 5 8 2012
"Borussia Mönchengladbach 4th 1965–66 49 2008–09 9 5 5 1977
"Darmstadt 98a 14th 1978–79 4 2015–16 2 0 0 -
"Eintracht Frankfurta 16th 1963–64 48 2012–13 5 0 1 1959
"SC Freiburg "2.: 1st 1993–94 17 2016–17 1 0 0 -
"Hamburger SVa b 10th 1963–64 54 1963–64 54 3 6 1983
"Hertha BSCa 7th 1963–64 34 2013–14 4 0 2 1931
"TSG 1899 Hoffenheimb 15th 2008–09 9 2008–09 9 0 0 -
"FC Ingolstadtb 11th 2015–16 2 2015–16 2 0 0 -
"1. FC Kölna 9th 1963–64 46 2014–15 3 2 3 1978
"RB Leipzig "2.: 2nd 2016–17 1 2016–17 1 0 0 -
"1. FSV Mainz 05 6th 2004–05 11 2009–10 8 0 0 -
"Schalke 04a 5th 1963–64 49 1991–92 26 0 7 1958
"Werder Bremena 13th 1963–64 53 1981–82 36 4 4 2004
"VfL Wolfsburgb 8th 1997–98 20 1997–98 20 1 1 2009

a Founding member of the Bundesliga
b Never been relegated from the Bundesliga

Team Location Stadium Capacity Ref.
"FC Augsburg "Augsburg "WWK ARENA 30,660
"Bayer Leverkusen "Leverkusen "BayArena 30,210
"Bayern Munich "Munich "Allianz Arena 75,000
"Borussia Dortmund "Dortmund "Signal Iduna Park 81,359 [6]
"Borussia Mönchengladbach "Mönchengladbach "Stadion im Borussia-Park 54,010
"Darmstadt 98 "Darmstadt "Merck-Stadion am Böllenfalltor 17,000
"Eintracht Frankfurt "Frankfurt "Commerzbank-Arena 51,500
"SC Freiburg "Freiburg im Breisgau "Schwarzwald-Stadion 24,000
"Hamburger SV "Hamburg "Volksparkstadion 57,000
"Hertha BSC "Berlin "Olympiastadion 74,475
"TSG Hoffenheim "Sinsheim "Wirsol Rhein-Neckar-Arena 30,150
"FC Ingolstadt "Ingolstadt "Audi Sportpark 15,000
"1. FC Köln "Cologne "RheinEnergieSTADION 50,000
"RB Leipzig "Leipzig "Red Bull Arena 42,959 [7]
"Mainz 05 "Mainz "Coface Arena 34,000
"Schalke 04 "Gelsenkirchen "Veltins-Arena 62,271 [8]
"Werder Bremen "Bremen "Weserstadion 42,100
"VfL Wolfsburg "Wolfsburg "Volkswagen Arena 30,000

Business model[edit]

In the 2009–10 season, the Bundesliga's turnover was €1.7bn, broken down into match-day revenue (€424m), sponsorship receipts (€573m) and broadcast income (€594m). That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit. Bundesliga clubs paid less than 50% of revenue in players wages, the lowest percentage out of the European leagues. The Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance out of Europe's five major leagues.[9]

The "Allianz Arena, home venue of "Bayern Munich, was the first stadium in the world with a full colour changing exterior.

Bundesliga clubs tend to form close associations with local firms, several of which have since grown to big global companies; in a comparison of the leading Bundesliga and Premiership clubs, Bayern Munich received 55% of its revenue from company sponsorship deals, while Manchester United got 37%.[9][10][11][12]

Bundesliga clubs are required to be majority-owned by German club members (known as the "50+1 rule (de) to discourage control by a single entity) and operate under tight restrictions on the use of debt for acquisitions (a team only receives an operating license if it has solid financials), as a result 11 of the 18 clubs were profitable after the 2008–09 season. By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt.[11][12]

After 2000 the "German Football Association and the Bundesliga mandated that all clubs run a "youth academy, with the aim of bolstering the stream of local talent for the club and national team. As of 2010 the Bundesliga and second Bundesliga spend €75m a year on these youth academies, that train five thousand players aged 12–18, increasing the under-23-year-olds in the Bundesliga from 6% in 2000 to 15% in 2010. This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players.[9][11][12]

In the first decade of the second millennium, the Bundesliga was regarded as competitive, as five different teams have won the league title. This contrasted with Spain's "La Liga, dominated by the "Big Two" of Barcelona and Real Madrid, the English "Premier League dominated by a "Big Four" (Manchester United, Chelsea, Liverpool, and Arsenal), as well as France's "Ligue 1, won seven consecutive years by "Lyon.[13] In the second decade, however, a resurgent "Bayern Munich has won each year from 2012–13 onward as the "Bavarian side is able to outspend its rivals to purchase the league's best players.[14][15]

Financial regulations[edit]

For a number of years, the clubs in the Bundesliga have been subject to regulations not unlike the "UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations agreed upon in September 2009.

At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the "German Football Federation (DFB) for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.[16] The DFB have a system of fines and points deductions for clubs who flout rules and those who go into the red can only buy a player after selling one for at least the same amount. In addition, no individual is allowed to own more than 49 percent of any Bundesliga club, the only exceptions being "VfL Wolfsburg, "Bayer Leverkusen and current "Regionalliga Nordost member "FC Carl Zeiss Jena should they ever be promoted to the Bundesliga as they were each founded as factory teams.[10]

The "Commerzbank Arena, is the home ground of "Eintracht Frankfurt.

Despite the good economic governance, there have still been some instances of clubs getting into difficulties. In 2004, "Borussia Dortmund reported a debt of €118.8 million (£83 million).[17] Having won the Champions League in 1997 and a number of Bundesliga titles, Dortmund had gambled to maintain their success with an expensive group of largely foreign players but failed, narrowly escaping liquidation in 2006. In subsequent years, the club went through extensive restructuring to return to financial health, largely with young home-grown players. In 2004 "Hertha BSC reported debts of £24.7 million and were able to continue in the Bundesliga only after proving they had long term credit with their bank.[17]

The leading German club "Bayern Munich made a net profit of just €2.5 million in 2008–09 season (group accounts,[18] while "Schalke 04 made a net loss of €30.4 million in 2009 financial year.[19] "Borussia Dortmund GmbH & Co. KGaA, made a net loss of just €2.9 million in 2008–09 season.[20]


Based on its per-game average, the Bundesliga is the best-attended association football league in the world; out of all sports, its average of 45,116 fans per game during the 2011–12 season was the second highest of any "professional sports league worldwide, behind only the "National Football League of the United States.[2] Bundesliga club "Borussia Dortmund has the highest average attendance of any football club in the world.[21]

Out of Europe's five major football leagues ("Premier League, "La Liga, "Ligue 1, and "Serie A ), the Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance. Many club stadia have large terraced areas for "standing fans (by comparison, stadia in the English "Premier League are all-seaters due to the "Taylor Report). Teams limit the number of "season tickets to ensure everyone has a chance to see the games live, and the away club has the right to 10% of the available capacity. Match tickets often double as free rail passes which encourages supporters to travel and celebrate in a relaxed atmosphere. According to Bundesliga chief executive "Christian Seifert, tickets are inexpensive (especially for "standing room) as "It is not in the clubs' culture so much [to raise prices]. They are very fan orientated".[9][11][12] "Uli Hoeneß, former president of Bayern Munich, was quoted as saying "We do not think the fans are like cows to be milked. Football has got to be for everybody."[10]

The Bundesliga has the highest average attendance of any football league in the world. "Borussia Dortmund has the highest average attendance at "Signal Iduna Park of any football club in the world.

The "spectator figures for league for the last ten seasons:

Season Overall Average Best supported club Average
2006–07[22] 12,226,795 39,957 Borussia Dortmund 72,652
2007–08[23] 12,069,813 39,444 Borussia Dortmund 72,510
2008–09[24] 13,011,578 42,521 Borussia Dortmund 74,851
2009–10[25] 13,001,871 42,490 Borussia Dortmund 77,246
2010–11[26] 13,054,960 42,663 Borussia Dortmund 79,151
2011–12[27] 13,805,514 45,116 Borussia Dortmund 80,521
2012–13[28] 13,042,263 42,622 Borussia Dortmund 80,520
2013–14[29] 13,311,145 43,500 Borussia Dortmund 80,297
2014–15[30] 13,323,031 43,539 Borussia Dortmund 80,463
2015–16[31] 13,249,778 43,300 Borussia Dortmund 81,178
2016–17[32] 12,703,167 41,514 Borussia Dortmund 79,653

Media coverage[edit]


The Bundesliga TV, radio, internet, and mobile broadcast rights are distributed by DFL Sports Enterprises, a subsidiary of the "Deutsche Fußball Liga. The Bundesliga broadcast rights are sold along with the broadcast rights to the Bundesliga Relegation Playoffs, "2. Bundesliga and "DFL-Supercup.[33]

From 2017–18 to 2020–21 Bundesliga matches are broadcast on TV in Germany on Sky Germany and Eurosport

Day Time Pay TV Free TV
Friday 20:30 "Eurosport 2 Xtra (1 match) "ZDF (only 1st,17th and 18th matchday)
Saturday 15:30 "Sky Sport Bundesliga (5 matches)
Saturday 18:30 "Sky Sport Bundesliga (1 match)
Sunday 13:30 "Eurosport 2 Xtra (1 match only 5 times a season)
Sunday 15:30 "Sky Sport Bundesliga(1 match)
Sunday 18:00 "Sky Sport Bundesliga (1 match)
Monday 20:30 "Eurosport 2 Xtra (1 match only 5 times a season)

VHF radio: ARD radios (selected matches or simulcast on Saturday)
Internet radio: free for Amazon Prime subscriber (every single match or simulcast)
club radios are only available over internet/audio stream


The Bundesliga is broadcast on TV in over 200 countries

The Bundesliga is broadcast on TV in over 200 countries. In October 2013, "21st Century Fox, via the "Fox Sports, "Fox International Channels, and "Sky plc divisions, acquired television and digital rights to the Bundesliga in 80 territories, including North America and Asia (outside of India and Oceania) for five years, and selected European territories for two years, beginning in the 2015–16 season. CEO "James Murdoch explained that the deal was designed to "leverage our unrivaled global portfolio of sports channels to bolster the Bundesliga brand in every corner of the globe."[34][35]

As a result of this partnership, "Fox Sports replaced "GOL TV as United States rightsholder beginning in the 2015–16 season. Matches are broadcast by "Fox Sports 1, "Fox Sports 2, "Fox Sports Networks and "Fox Soccer Plus. Spanish-language telecasts air on "Fox Deportes. Matches stream online for subscribers to these channels on participating providers via "Fox Sports Go, and are also available through the subscription service Fox Soccer 2Go.[36][37] In Canada, broadcast rights were sub-licensed to "Sportsnet and "Sportsnet World.[38]

In the United Kingdom and in Ireland, the Bundesliga is broadcast live on "BT Sport. "ITV4 broadcasts delayed highlights the following Monday. This arrangement lasts through the 2017 season. In Spain, the Bundesliga is broadcast live on "Movistar+.[39]

In 2015, digital TV operator "StarTimes acquired exclusive television rights for Sub-Saharan Africa for 5 years starting from 2015-2016 season.[40]


In total, 43 clubs have won the German championship, including titles won before the Bundesliga's inception and those in the "East German Oberliga. The record champions are "Bayern Munich with 27 titles,[41] ahead of "BFC Dynamo Berlin with 10 (all in East Germany) and "1. FC Nürnberg with 9.

The following 12 clubs have won the Bundesliga: "Bayern Munich (26 titles), "Borussia Mönchengladbach and "Borussia Dortmund (5), "Werder Bremen (4), "Hamburger SV and "VfB Stuttgart (3), "1. FC Köln and "FC Kaiserslautern (2), "TSV 1860 Munich, "Eintracht Braunschweig, "1. FC Nürnberg and "VfL Wolfsburg (1). No club from former East Germany or Berlin has won the Bundesliga.

Season Bundesliga Champion[42] Season Bundesliga Champion Season Bundesliga Champion Season Bundesliga Champion
"63–64 "1. FC Köln "77–78 "1. FC Köln "91–92 "VfB Stuttgart "05–06 "Bayern Munich
"64–65 "Werder Bremen "78–79 "Hamburger SV "92–93 "Werder Bremen "06–07 "VfB Stuttgart
"65–66 "1860 Munich "79–80 "Bayern Munich "93–94 "Bayern Munich "07–08 "Bayern Munich
"66–67 "Eintracht Braunschweig "80–81 "Bayern Munich "94–95 "Borussia Dortmund "08–09 "VfL Wolfsburg
"67–68 "1. FC Nürnberg "81–82 "Hamburger SV "95–96 "Borussia Dortmund "09–10 "Bayern Munich
"68–69 "Bayern Munich "82–83 "Hamburger SV "96–97 "Bayern Munich "10–11 "Borussia Dortmund
"69–70 "Borussia Mönchengladbach "83–84 "VfB Stuttgart "97–98 "1. FC Kaiserslautern "11–12 "Borussia Dortmund
"70–71 "Borussia Mönchengladbach "84–85 "Bayern Munich "98–99 "Bayern Munich "12–13 "Bayern Munich
"71–72 "Bayern Munich "85–86 "Bayern Munich "99–00 "Bayern Munich "13–14 "Bayern Munich
"72–73 "Bayern Munich "86–87 "Bayern Munich "00–01 "Bayern Munich "14–15 "Bayern Munich
"73–74 "Bayern Munich "87–88 "Werder Bremen "01–02 "Borussia Dortmund "15–16 "Bayern Munich
"74–75 "Borussia Mönchengladbach "88–89 "Bayern Munich "02–03 "Bayern Munich "16–17 "Bayern Munich
"75–76 "Borussia Mönchengladbach "89–90 "Bayern Munich "03–04 "Werder Bremen
"76–77 "Borussia Mönchengladbach "90–91 "1. FC Kaiserslautern "04–05 "Bayern Munich


"Oliver Kahn won eight Bundesliga championships

In 2004, the honour of "Verdiente Meistervereine" (roughly “distinguished champion clubs”) was introduced, following a custom first practised in Italy[43] to recognize sides that have won multiple championships or other honours by the display of "gold stars on their team badges and jerseys. Each country's usage is unique and in Germany the practice is to award one star for three titles, two stars for five titles, three stars for 10 titles, and four stars for 20 titles.

The former East German side "Dynamo Berlin laid claim to the three stars of a 10-time champion. They petitioned the league to have their "DDR-Oberliga titles recognized, but received no reply. Dynamo eventually took matters into their own hands and emblazoned their jerseys with three stars. This caused some debate given what may be the tainted nature of their championships under the patronage of East Germany's secret police, the "Stasi. The issue also affects other former East German and pre-Bundesliga champions. In November 2005, the DFB allowed "all former champions to display a single star inscribed with the number of titles, including all German men's titles since 1903, "women's titles since 1974 and East German titles.[44]

The DFB format only applies to teams playing below the Bundesliga (below the top two divisions), since the DFL conventions apply in the Bundesliga. BFC Dynamo Berlin have not followed this guideline and continue to wear three stars, rather than a single star inscribed with the number 10. "Greuther Fürth unofficially display three (silver) stars for pre-war titles in spite of being in the "Bundesliga second division. These stars are a permanent part of their crest. However, Fürth has to leave the stars out on their jersey.

Since June 2010, the following clubs have been officially allowed to wear stars while playing in the Bundesliga. The number in parentheses is for Bundesliga titles won.

In addition, a system of one star designation was adopted for use. This system is intended to take into account not only Bundesliga titles but also other (now defunct) national championships. As of July 2014, the following clubs are allowed to wear one star while playing outside the Bundesliga. The number in parentheses is for total league championships won over the course of German football history, and would be displayed within the star. Some teams listed here had different names while winning their respective championships, these names are also noted in parentheses.

* currently member of 1. Bundesliga
** currently member of 2. Bundesliga
*** currently member of 3. Liga

Logo history[edit]

For the first time in 1996, the Bundesliga was given its own logo to distinguish itself. Six years later, the logo was revamped into a portrait orientation, which was used until 2010. A new logo was announced for the "2010–11 season in order to modernise the brand logo for all media platforms.[45] To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Bundesliga, a special logo was developed for the "2012–13 season, featuring a "50" and "1963–2013".[46] Following the season, the 2010 logo was restored. In December 2016, it was announced that a new logo would be used for the 2017–18 season, modified slightly for digitisation requirements, featuring a matte look.[47]



As of 1 June 2016

Top Ten Players With Most Appearances[48]
Player Period Club(s) Games
1 "Germany "Karl-Heinz Körbel 1972–1991 "Eintracht Frankfurt 602
2 "Germany "Manfred Kaltz 1971–1991 "Hamburger SV 581
3 "Germany "Oliver Kahn 1987–2008 "Karlsruher SC, "Bayern Munich 557
4 "Germany "Klaus Fichtel 1965–1988 "Schalke 04, "Werder Bremen 552
5 "Germany "Miroslav Votava 1976–1996 "Borussia Dortmund, "Werder Bremen 546
6 "Germany "Klaus Fischer 1968–1988 "1860 Munich, "Schalke 04, "1. FC Köln, "VfL Bochum 535
7 "Germany "Eike Immel 1978–1995 "Borussia Dortmund, "VfB Stuttgart 534
8 "Germany "Willi Neuberger 1966–1983 "Borussia Dortmund, "Werder Bremen, "Eintracht Frankfurt 520
9 "Germany "Michael Lameck 1972–1988 "VfL Bochum 518
10 "Germany "Uli Stein 1978–1997 "Arminia Bielefeld, "Hamburger SV, "Eintracht Frankfurt 512

Top scorers[edit]

As of 10 February 2018
Top ten goalscorers[49]
Player Period Club(s) Goals
1 "Germany "Gerd Müller 1965–1979 "Bayern Munich 365 (Ø 0.85)
2 "Germany "Klaus Fischer 1968–1988 "1860 Munich, "Schalke 04, "1. FC Köln, "VfL Bochum 268 (Ø 0.50)
3 "Germany "Jupp Heynckes 1965–1978 "Borussia Mönchengladbach, "Hannover 96 220 (Ø 0.60)
4 "Germany "Manfred Burgsmüller 1969–1990 "Rot-Weiss Essen, "Borussia Dortmund, "1. FC Nürnberg, "Werder Bremen 213 (Ø 0.48)
5 "Peru "Claudio Pizarro 1999–present "Werder Bremen, "Bayern Munich, "1. FC Köln 191 (Ø 0.44)
6 "Germany "Ulf Kirsten 1990–2003 "Bayer Leverkusen 182 (Ø 0.52)
7 "Germany "Stefan Kuntz 1983–1999 "VfL Bochum, "Bayer Uerdingen, "1. FC Kaiserslautern, "Arminia Bielefeld 179 (Ø 0.40)
8 "Germany "Dieter Müller 1973–1986 "1. FC Köln, "VfB Stuttgart, "1.FC Saarbrücken 177 (Ø 0.58)
"Germany "Klaus Allofs 1975–1993 "Fortuna Düsseldorf, "1. FC Köln, "Werder Bremen 177 (Ø 0.42)
10 "Poland "Robert Lewandowski 2010-present "Borussia Dortmund, "Bayern Munich 170 (Ø 0.69)

See also[edit]


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  44. ^ "6 Durchführungsbestimmungen" [6 Implementing regulations] (PDF) (in German). p. 52. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 May 2013. 
  45. ^ "Bundesliga mit neuem Markenauftritt zur Saison 2010/2011" [Bundesliga with a new brand image for the 2010–11 season]. Bundesliga (in German). Deutsche Fußball Liga. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  46. ^ "DFL und adidas feiern 50 Jahre Bundesliga: Neues Logo und neuer Ball zum Jubiläum" [DFL and adidas celebrate 50 years of the Bundesliga: New logo and new ball for the anniversary]. Bundesliga (in German). Deutsche Fußball Liga. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
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External links[edit]

"" Media related to Fußball-Bundesliga (Germany) at Wikimedia Commons

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