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Buskerud fylke
"County
""County Council in Drammen
County Council in Drammen
""Coat of arms of Buskerud fylke
Coat of arms
""Buskerud within Norway
Buskerud within Norway
Coordinates: 60°30′00″N 09°30′00″E / 60.50000°N 9.50000°E / 60.50000; 9.50000"Coordinates: 60°30′00″N 09°30′00″E / 60.50000°N 9.50000°E / 60.50000; 9.50000
Country "Norway
"County Buskerud
"Region "Østlandet
County ID "NO-06
Administrative centre "Drammen
Government
 • "Governor "Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl
  "Arbeiderpartiet
  (1999–present)
 • "County mayor Morten Eriksrød
  "Conservative Party
  (2011–present)
Area
 • Total 14,908 km2 (5,756 sq mi)
 • Land 13,794 km2 (5,326 sq mi)
Area rank #12 in Norway, 4.53% of Norway's land area
Population (2014)
 • Total 271,252
 • Rank 8 (5.29% of country)
 • Density 18/km2 (50/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 6.7 %
"Demonym(s) Buskerudfolk
"Time zone "CET ("UTC+01)
 • Summer ("DST) "CEST ("UTC+02)
"Official language form "Neutral
Income (per capita) 155,400 "NOK
"GDP (per capita) 227,626 "NOK (2001)
"GDP national rank 7 (3.57% of country)
Website www.bfk.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Buskerud (Urban East Norwegian pronunciation: "[²bʉskərʉːd] (""About this sound listen)) is a "county in "Norway, bordering "Akershus, "Oslo, "Oppland, "Sogn og Fjordane, "Hordaland, "Telemark and "Vestfold. The county extends from the "Oslofjord and "Drammensfjorden in the southeast to "Hardangervidda mountain range in the northwest. The county administration is located in "Drammen.[1] Together with "Akershus and "Østfold, Buskerud will form the new, larger county "Viken, from 1 January 2020.[2]

Contents

Etymology[edit]

The county is named after the old manor "Buskerud ("Old Norse: Biskupsruð) located on the west side of the "Drammen River in "Åmot, "Modum municipality. The first element is the genitive case of biskup, 'bishop' (referring to the "Bishop of Hamar), the last element is ruð n 'clearing, farm'. The farm was one of the largest in Buskerud, and the original name of the farm (before it became a benefice) was probably Modum. At the time of the "Reformation (c. 1536–39) the farm became property of the Crown at which time the farm then served as the residence of the king's bailiffs until 1668.[3][4][5]

Geography[edit]

""
""
Map of Buskerud County

Buskerud extends from "Hurum at the "Oslofjord to the Halling mountains and "Hardanger. The county is conventionally divided into traditional districts. These are "Hallingdal, "Numedal, "Ringerike, Lower Buskerud, which was originally part of "Vestfold, and Western "Vingulmark.

"Hallingdal consists of "Flå, "Nes, "Gol, "Hemsedal, "Ål and "Hol.[6] "Numedal consists of "Flesberg, "Rollag and "Nore og Uvdal.[7] "Ringerike consists of "Hole, "Krødsherad, "Modum, "Ringerike and "Sigdal. Western "Vingulmark consists of "Hurum and "Røyken.[8][9] Lower Buskerud consists of "Drammen, "Hurum, "Kongsberg, "Lier, "Nedre Eiker, "Røyken and "Øvre Eiker. The district is merged from parts that belonged to "Vestfold and "Vingulmark.[10]

Buskerud's western part is a mountainous plateau with forested valleys and high, grassy pastures; its eastern part contains a lowland basin with many lakes and streams. "Tyrifjorden and "Krøderen are the biggest lakes. "Numedalslågen, the third longest river in Norway, starting in "Hordaland, runs through Buskerud unto Vestfold where it reaches the sea, while river "Begna sweeps into lake "Sperillen.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1951 156,220 —    
1961 168,351 +7.8%
1971 198,852 +18.1%
1981 214,571 +7.9%
1991 225,261 +5.0%
2001 238,833 +6.0%
2011 261,110 +9.3%
2021? 300,142 +14.9%
2031? 332,808 +10.9%
Source: Statistics Norway.[11]
Religion in Buskerud[12][13]
religion percent
"Christianity
83.01%
"Islam
3.14%
"Buddhism
0.31%
Other
13.54%

Buskerud was separated from "Akershus as an "amt of its own in 1685, but the amt was smaller than today. It then consisted of the present districts "Eiker, "Hallingdal, and "Ringerike. The area of the present municipalities of "Flesberg, "Hurum, "Kongsberg, "Lier, "Nore og Uvdal, "Rollag and "Røyken were transferred from Akershus amt to Buskerud amt in 1760. The name Buskeruds amt was changed to Buskerud fylke in 1919. The municipality of "Skoger was transferred from "Vestfold to Buskerud in 1964.[14]

The area Ringerike may once have been a small kingdom. During the 10th century, Norway's kings "Olaf Tryggvason and "Olaf Haraldsson grew up at Bønsnes in Ringerike. In the valley of "Numedal, "silver has been mined in "Kongsberg from the 17th century until discontinued in 1957. Weapons industry had been developed in Kongsberg from 1814, and various high tech industry companies now represent the town's major employers. At "Modum there was also "Blaafarveværket, a "cobalt "pigment production works ("Blue Colour Works).[15]

Economy[edit]

""
""
Winter in "Blefjell

Today, agriculture, lumber, wood-pulp mills and other related industries are the county's main economic activities; ample hydroelectric power is produced by the rivers Begna (Begnaelva) and Rands (Randselva) . Buskerud has also a large forested area. Substantial income is derived from high tech industries located in Kongsberg. Other significant income comes from the cabin areas in northern Buskerud.[16][17]

Coat of arms[edit]

Buskerud's coat of arms were adopted in April 1966. It features a blue bear whose colours are symbolic of the "blue colour works. The silver background of Buskerud's coat of arms represents the "silver industry in Kongsberg.

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd gen.)
in Buskerud by country of origin in 2017
[18]
Nationality Population (2017)
 "Poland 8,259
 "Turkey 2,975
 "Lithuania 2,961
 "Iraq 2,293
 "Afghanistan 1,928
 "Somalia 1,874
 "Sweden 1,842
 "India 1,662
 "Pakistan 1,641
 "Denmark 1,638
 "Kosovo 1,499
 "Germany 1,482
 "Iran 1,327
 "Eritrea 1,211
 "Bosnia-Herzegovina 1,206
 "Vietnam 1,193
 "Thailand 1,095
 "Syria 1,043
 "Russia 1,040
 "Philippines 956

Notable people from Buskerud[edit]

Sports figures[edit]

Other (Musician, TV-Star, TV-Hosts)[edit]

Municipalities[edit]

""
""
Municipalities in Buskerud
Rank Name Inhabitants[19] Area km2
1 ""Drammen kommune "Drammen 62,566 136
2 ""Ringerike kommune "Ringerike 28,806 1,437
3 ""Kongsberg kommune "Kongsberg 24,714 761
4 ""Lier kommune "Lier 23,267 283
5 ""Nedre Eiker kommune "Nedre Eiker 22,687 116
6 ""Røyken kommune "Røyken 18,894 112
7 ""Øvre Eiker kommune "Øvre Eiker 16,616 421
8 ""Modum kommune "Modum 12,911 468
9 ""Hurum kommune "Hurum 9,045 156
10 ""Hole kommune "Hole 5,976 135
11 ""Ål kommune "Ål 4,672 1,083
12 ""Gol kommune "Gol 4,479 517
13 ""Hol kommune "Hol 4,422 1,669
14 ""Sigdal kommune "Sigdal 3,514 813
15 ""Nes kommune "Nes 3,420 776
16 ""Flesberg kommune "Flesberg 2,578 542
17 ""Nore og Uvdal kommune "Nore og Uvdal 2,514 2,281
18 ""Krødsherad kommune "Krødsherad 2,117 341
19 ""Hemsedal kommune "Hemsedal 2,087 715
20 ""Rollag kommune "Rollag 1,390 484
21 ""Flå kommune "Flå 998 674
Total ""Buskerud Fylke Buskerud 257,673 12,336

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Buskerud". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  2. ^ "Prop. 84 S". "Norwegian Government. Retrieved 22 January 2018. 
  3. ^ Einar Sørensen. "Buskerud gård på Modum". historieboka. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  4. ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Buskerud hovedgård". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Buskerud, Modum herad". Matrikkelutkastet av 1950. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  6. ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Hallingdal". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  7. ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Numedal". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  8. ^ Per G. Norseng. "Vestfold – gammelt navn". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  9. ^ Svein Askheim. "Vingulmark". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  10. ^ Munch, Peter Andreas (1849). Historisk-geographisk beskrivelse over kongeriget Norge (Noregsveldi) i middelalderen. W. Gram. pp. 5–7. 
  11. ^ Projected population - Statistics Norway
  12. ^ Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
  13. ^ Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010 Archived November 2, 2011, at the "Wayback Machine.
  14. ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Ringerike, Hallingdal, Eiker og Buskeruds amt". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  15. ^ Ingolf Jarle Rui. "Modum Blaafarveværk". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  16. ^ Geir Thorsnæs. "Begna". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  17. ^ Asbjørn Vinjar. "Randselva". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved February 5, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Retrieved 3 August 2017. 
  19. ^ Statistisk Sentralbyrå (1 January 2010). "www.ssb.no". 

External links[edit]

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