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Remains of Cannae.

Cannae (now Canne della Battaglia) is an ancient village of the "Apulia region of south east "Italy. It is a "frazione (civil parish) of the "comune (municipality) of "Barletta, a former bishopric and presently a Latin Catholic "titular see.

Contents

Geography[edit]

It is situated near the river "Aufidus (the modern "Ofanto), on a hill on the right (i.e., south) bank, 9.6 kilometers (6 mi) southwest from its mouth, and 9 km southwest from "Barletta.

History[edit]

It is primarily known for the "Battle of Cannae, in which the numerically superior "Roman army suffered a disastrous defeat by "Hannibal in 216 BC (see "Punic Wars). There is a considerable controversy as to whether the battle took place on the right or the left bank of the river.

In later times the place became a municipium, and remains of an unimportant Roman town still exist upon the hill known as Monte di Canne. In the "Middle Ages, probably after the destruction of "Canosa di Puglia in the 9th century, it became a "bishopric (see below), and again saw military action in the "second battle of Cannae, twelve centuries after the more famous one (1018). The town was wrecked in 1083 by "Robert Guiscard, who left only the cathedral and bishop's residence,[1] and was ultimately destroyed in 1276.

Ecclesiastical History[edit]

A bishopric was established in 900 as Diocese of Canne (Curiate Italian) / Cannæ (Latin) / Cannen(sis) (Latin adjectve), without direct precursor, "suffragan of the Metropolitan "Archdiocese of Bari.

Saint "Roger of Cannae (c. 1060 - 1138) was the most notable of the bishops.[2][3]

In 1355, its bishop Raynaldus and the University of Barletta petitioned to move the diocesan see to the town of "Barletta, but in Rome the archbishop of Trani successfully opposed such intrusion on his jurisdiction.

"Pope Martin V issued a "papal bulla on 11 December 1424 to merge the bishopric of Canne into Trani, but it seems to have been ignored. Instead, in 1455, Canne was united aeque principaliter (in personal union) with the 'crusader see in exile' "Archdiocese of Nazareth (in Barletta).

On 1818.06.27 it was suppressed, according to the "concordat with king Ferdinando I of Naples, by "Pius VII's "papal bulla De utiliori, its territory being merged into the Metropolitan "Archdiocese of Trani.[4] and the diocese of Cannae is today listed by the "Catholic Church as a "titular see.[5]

Residential Bishops[edit]

(all "Latin Rite)

Suffragan Bishops of Canne
incomplete, especially at first
From 1455, Canne was united aeque principaliter (in personal union) with the 'crusader see in exile' "Archdiocese of Nazareth in Barletta (viz.), hence its Archbishops were always Bishop of Canne (although the first incumbent's initial see was Canne) : see there.

Titular see[edit]

In 1966 the diocese was nominally restored as Titular See of Canne (Italian) / Cannæ (Latin) / Cannen(sis) (Latin adjective).

It has had the following incumbents, of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank, with an archiepiscopal exception :

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia
  2. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, pp. 865-866
  3. ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 162; vol. 2, p. 117
  4. ^ Bolla De utiliori, in Bullarii romani continuatio, Vol. XV, Rome 1853, pp. 56-61
  5. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 "ISBN "978-88-209-9070-1), p. 857

Sources and external links[edit]

Bibliography

"Coordinates: 41°17′47″N 16°09′06″E / 41.29639°N 16.15167°E / 41.29639; 16.15167

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