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( => ( => ( => Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo [pageid] => 49053 ) =>
"The Most Reverend
Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo
  • Apostolic Administrator Emeritus of "Díli
  • Titular Bishop of Lorium
""Bishop Carlos Belo
See Lorium (Titular See)
Appointed 21 March 1988
Predecessor Ennio Appignanesi
Orders
Ordination 26 July 1980
Consecration 19 June 1988
by Archbishop Francesco Canalini
Personal details
Born (1948-02-03) 3 February 1948 (age 69)
"Baucau, "Portuguese Timor
Nationality East Timorese
Denomination Catholic
Parents
  • Domingos Vaz Filipe
  • Ermelinda Baptista Filipe
Styles of
Carlos Ximenes Belo
""Mitre (plain).svg
"Reference style "The Most Reverend
Spoken style "Your Excellency
Religious style "Monsignor

Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo "SDB, "GCL (born 3 February 1948) is an "East Timorese Roman Catholic bishop. Along with "José Ramos-Horta, he received the 1996 "Nobel Peace Prize for work "towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor."

Contents

Early life and religious vocation[edit]

The fifth child of Domingos Vaz Filipe and Ermelinda Baptista Filipe, Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo was born in the village of Wailakama, near Vemasse, on the north coast of "East Timor. His father, a schoolteacher, died two years later. His childhood years were spent in Catholic schools at "Baucau and Ossu, before he proceeded to the Dare minor seminary outside "Dili, from which he graduated in 1968. From 1969 until 1981, apart from periods of practical training (1974–1976) in East Timor and in "Macau, he was in "Portugal and "Rome where, having become a member of the "Salesian Society, he studied philosophy and theology before being ordained a priest in 1980.

Returning to East Timor in July 1981 he became a teacher for 20 months, then director for two months, at the Salesian College at Fatumaca.

Pastoral leadership[edit]

On the resignation of "Martinho da Costa Lopes in 1983, Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo was appointed Apostolic Administrator of the "Dili diocese, becoming head of the East Timor church and directly responsible to the Pope. On 6 February 1989, he was consecrated titular Bishop of Lorium.[1]

Father Belo was the choice of the Vatican's Pro "Nuncio in "Jakarta and the "Indonesian leaders because of his supposed submissiveness, but he was not the choice of the Timorese priests who did not attend his inauguration. However within only five months of his assuming office, he protested vehemently, in a sermon in the cathedral, against the brutalities of the Kraras massacre (1983) and condemned the many Indonesian arrests. The church was the only institution capable of communicating with the outside world, so with this in mind the new Apostolic Administrator started writing letters and building up overseas contacts, in spite of the isolation arising from the opposition of the Indonesians and the disinterest of most of the world.

In February 1989 he wrote to the President of Portugal, the Pope, and the UN Secretary-General, calling for a UN referendum on the future of East Timor and for international help for the East Timorese, who were "dying as a people and a nation", but when the UN letter became public in April, he became even more of a target of the Indonesians. This precariousness increased when Bishop Belo gave sanctuary in his own home, as he did on various occasions, to youths escaping the "Santa Cruz massacre (1991), and endeavoured to expose the numbers of victims killed.

Bishop Belo's labours on behalf of the East Timorese and in pursuit of peace and reconciliation were internationally recognised when, along with "José Ramos-Horta, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in December 1996. Bishop Belo capitalised upon this honour through meetings with "Bill Clinton of the United States and "Nelson Mandela of South Africa. In 1995, he also won the "John Humphrey Freedom Award from the Canadian human rights group "Rights & Democracy.[2]

Resignation as Apostolic Administrator and new pastoral activity[edit]

In the aftermath of East Timorese independence on 20 May 2002, the pressure of events and the ongoing stress he endured began to show their effects on Bishop Belo's health. "Pope John Paul II accepted his resignation as "Apostolic Administrator of Dili on 26 November 2002.

Following his resignation Bishop Belo travelled to Portugal for medical treatment. By the beginning of 2004, there were repeated calls for him to return to East Timor and to run for the office of president. However, in May 2004 he told Portuguese state-run television "RTP, that he would not allow his name to be put up for nomination. "I have decided to leave politics to politicians," he stated. One month later, on 7 June 2004, Pascuál Chavez, rector major of the Salesian Society, announced from Rome that Bishop Belo, returned to health, would take up a new assignment. In agreement with the "Holy See, he would go to "Mozambique as a missionary, and live as a member of the Salesian Society in that country.

In a statement released on 8 June, Bishop Belo said that, following two meetings in 2003 and in 2004 with the Prefect of the "Congregation for the Evangelisation of Peoples, he would go on a mission to the Diocese of "Maputo, the capital of Mozambique, as he had wanted to since his youth.["citation needed] He started in July 2004; the same year he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate from "CEU Cardinal Herrera University.

In February 2011 Belo received the Prize for Lusophonic Personality of the Year, given by MIL: Movimento Internacional Lusófono in the Lisbon Academy of Sciences.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fernandes, C. The Independence of East Timor. Sussex Academic Press 2011.
  2. ^ "John Humphrey Freedom Award 2009". Rights & Democracy. 2010. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2011. 

Primary sources[edit]

Studies[edit]

"Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
"Martinho da Costa Lopes
"Apostolic Administrator of Díli
1988–2002
Succeeded by
"Basílio do Nascimento
) )