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The number of deaths in the "Ukrainian crisis has climbed into the thousands since it started in late November 2013, with most of them occurring during the "War in Donbass.

Contents

Euromaidan[edit]

During the events of the "Euromaidan protests in Kiev from 21 November 2013 through 23 February 2014, a total of 110–123 protesters and 18 police officers were killed in street clashes in the Ukrainian capital.[1][2][3] In addition, one more participant of the Euromaidan was stabbed to death in clashes with pro-Russian activists on 13 March 2014, in "Donetsk.[4]

Crimean crisis[edit]

During the "Russian annexation of Crimea from 23 February through 19 March 2014, six people were killed. The dead included: three protesters (two pro-Russian and one pro-Ukrainian),[5][6][7][8] two soldiers[9] and one Crimean SDF trooper.[10] The two Ukrainian soldiers who were killed are regularly included in the military death toll from the War in Donbass.[11] On 10 August 2016, Russia accused the "Special Forces of Ukraine of conducting a raid near the Crimean town of "Armyansk which killed two Russian servicemen. The government of Ukraine dismissed the report as a provocation.[12]

Odessa clashes and Kharkiv bombing[edit]

Between 26 January and 27 December 2014, "sporadic clashes occurred in the city of Odessa. The deadliest of these were the "2 May 2014 Odessa clashes when 48 protesters were killed[13] (46 pro-Russian and 2 pro-Ukrainian).[14][15] In addition, one person was killed in a bomb explosion in "Odessa on 27 December 2014. The same day, another man was killed in a bombing in the city of "Kherson. Both men were identified as the bombers in both explosions.[16] Later, in 2015, on 22 February, "a bomb exploded during a rally in "Kharkiv leaving four people dead,[17] including a policeman.[18]

War in Donbass[edit]

The overall number of documented deaths in the "War in Donbass, which started on 6 April 2014, has been put at 10,225, according to the UN body the Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine (HRMMU).[19]

Total deaths[edit]

Breakdown Casualties Time period Source
TOTAL 10,225 killed 6 April 2014 – 15 August 2017 HRMMU[19]
Civilians 2,803 killed ("306 foreign) 6 April 2014 – 15 August 2017 HRMMU[19]
"UAF, "NGU and "volunteer forces 3,880 killed[note 1] 6 April 2014 – 24 October 2017 Museum of Military History[11][20]
"DPR and LPR forces 3,542–4,044 killed 6 April 2014 – 1 November 2017 Various sources[21][22]
"Russian Armed Forces 400–500 killed[note 2] 6 April 2014 – 10 March 2015 "U.S. State Department[23]

Initially, the number of Ukrainian military casualties varied widely due to the Ukrainian Army drastically understating its casualties,[24] as reported by medics, activists and soldiers on the ground, as well as at least one lawmaker.[24][25][26][27][28] Several medical officials reported they were overstretched due to the drastic number of casualties.[24] Eventually, the "Ukrainian Defense Ministry said that the numbers recorded by the National Museum of Military History were the official ones, although still incomplete,[29] with 3,880 deaths (3,730 identified and 150 unidentified) catalogued by 24 October 2017.[11][20]

Deaths by regions[edit]

The following table does not include the 298 deaths from the shootdown of "Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 or the deaths of Ukrainian servicemen, which are listed separately.

Region Casualties Time period Source
"Donetsk region 2,420 civilians and rebels killed[30] 6 April 2014 – 15 February 2015 OCHA
"Luhansk region 1,185 civilians and rebels killed[note 3][30] 1 May 2014 – 15 February 2015 OCHA
"Donetsk region 4,521 civilians and rebels killed[34] 6 April 2014 – 5 October 2017 "DPR

Missing and captured[edit]

At the beginning of June 2015, the Donetsk region’s prosecutors reported 1,592 civilians had gone missing in government-controlled areas, of which 208 had been located.[35] At the same time, a report by the United Nations stated 1,331–1,460 people were missing, including at least 378 soldiers and 216 civilians. 345 unidentified bodies, of mostly soldiers, were also confirmed to be held at morgues in the "Dnipropetrovsk Oblast or buried.[36] In all, as of late October, 774 people were missing according to the government,[37] including 271 soldiers.[38] By late July 2017, the number of confirmed missing on the Ukrainian side was 411,[39] including at least 360 civilians.[40] The separatists also reported 433 missing on their side by mid-December 2016.[41]

As of mid-March 2015, according to the "Security Service of Ukraine (SBU), 1,553 separatists had been released from captivity during prisoner exchanges between the two sides.[42] Subsequently, Ukraine released another 322 people by late February 2016,[43][44][45][46] while by September, 1,598 security forces members and 1,484 civilians had been released by the rebels. The rebels continued to hold 111 prisoners,[47] including 64 soldiers.[48] The number was updated to 108, including 61 soldiers, in November.[40] 1,110 separatist fighters and supporters, including 743 civilians, were also reportedly being held by Ukrainian forces as of late March 2016.[49] The figure of separatist prisoners was updated to 816, including 287–646 civilians, in December.[50][41] At the end of May 2015, the Ukrainian commander of Donetsk airport, Oleg Kuzminykh, who was captured during "the battle for the complex, was released.[51]

By late March 2017, 3,136 prisoners were released overall by the rebels, while 118 remained in their captivity,[52] including at least 61 soldiers.[53] The number of Ukrainian prisoners increased to 152 by the beginning of November,[54] including 74 soldiers.[55]

Foreign fighters[edit]

Foreign volunteers have been involved in the conflict fighting on both sides. The NGO Cargo 200 reported that they documented the deaths of 1,168 Russian citizens while fighting as part of the rebel forces.[21] The "United States Department of State estimated 400–500 of these were regular Russian soldiers.[23] Two Kyrgyz and one Georgian have also been killed fighting on the separatist side.[56][57] Additionally, at least 174 foreign-born Ukrainian citizens and 13 foreigners died on the Ukrainian side.[58][59] One of those killed was the former Chechen rebel commander "Isa Munayev.[60]

In late August 2015, according to a reported leak by a Russian news site, Business Life (Delovaya Zhizn), 2,000 Russian soldiers had been killed in Ukraine by 1 February 2015.[61][62]

Foreign civilians[edit]

312 foreign civilians have died: 298 passengers and crew of "Malaysia Airlines Flight 17,[63] 11 Russian journalists,[21] an Italian journalist,[64][65] one Russian civilian in cross-border shelling[66] and a Lithuanian diplomat.[67]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The number of Ukrainian soldiers killed includes the deaths of two servicemen during the "Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.
  2. ^ The deaths of the Russian soldiers have not been confirmed by their government and have possibly been included in the toll of dead rebel fighters.
  3. ^ Out of the 1,185 civilians and rebels killed in the Luhansk region by 15 February 2015,[30] 456 were civilians who died by 29 October.[31] In addition, 526 of the civilians and rebels died in "Luhansk city alone by 11 September,[32] of which 300 were confirmed as civilians by 31 August.[33]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kozlenko, Svetlana; Heintz, Jim (20 February 2015). "Troubled Ukraine Marks Year Since Protest Bloodbath in Kiev". ABC News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 21 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "The crisis in Ukraine". theday.co.uk. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Andrew Wilson (October 2014). "The High Stakes of the Ukraine Crisis" (PDF). currenthistory.com. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "Moscow uses death of protester to argue for 'protection' of ethnic Russians in Ukraine". Telegraph.co.uk. 14 March 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  5. ^ "Two die in rallies outside Crimean parliament, says ex-head of Mejlis". "Kyiv Post. 26 February 2014. Archived from the original on 26 February 2014. Retrieved 27 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Finley, JC (27 February 2014). "Unrest in Crimea leaves 2 dead; government buildings seized". United Press International. Retrieved 9 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Погибший крымский татарин шел в военкомат, захваченный "дружинниками" [Deceased Crimean Tatar was captured by "vigilantes" on the way to the military enlistment office] (in Russian). LB.ua. 17 March 2014. Archived from the original on 18 March 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  8. ^ Зверски убитого крымского татарина звали Решат Аметов. Трое малолетних детей осиротели. [The brutally killed Crimean Tatar was named Resat Ametov. Three young children were left orphaned.] (in Russian). censor.net.ua. 18 March 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Russian marine kills Ukraine navy officer in Crimea, says ministry". Reuters. 7 April 2014. Archived from the original on 8 April 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  10. ^ Saul, Heather; Sengupta, Kim (19 March 2014). "Ukraine crisis: Pro-Russian troops storm naval base as Clinton warns of 'aggression' from Putin". "The Independent. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c Shapovalenko, Herman; Yevhen Vorokh; Yuriy Hirchenko. Книга пам'яті загиблих [Memorial Book to the Fallen]. memorybook.org.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  12. ^ "Putin accuses Ukraine of 'terror' over alleged Crimea raid". The Telegraph. 
  13. ^ Gutman, Roy (24 May 2014). "As Ukrainians vote, legacy of Odessa fire that killed 48 has port city on edge". mcclatchydc.com. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  14. ^ "Accountability for killings in Ukraine from January 2014 to May 2016" (PDF). UN OHCHR. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved 1 May 2017. 
  15. ^ "There was heroism and cruelty on both sides': the truth behind one of Ukraine's deadliest days". The Guardian. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2017. 
  16. ^ Miller, Christopher (28 December 2014). "Two dead after Ukraine rocked by series of blasts". Mashable. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  17. ^ "Kharkiv terrorist attack claims fourth victim - 18-year-old student". Unian. 24 February 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  18. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Deadly bomb blast hits rally in Kharkiv". BBC News. 22 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  19. ^ a b c "Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights - Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine - 16 May to 15 August 2017" (PDF). OHCHR. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2017. 
  20. ^ a b The Museum of Military History also lists separately 150 currently unidentified soldiers who were killed: 74 at Krasnopolye cemetery,[1] 65 at Kushugum cemetery[2] and 11 at Starobilsk cemetery.[3]
  21. ^ a b c "Проект «Груз-200 из Украины в Россию»". Retrieved 1 November 2017. 
  22. ^ Based on the overall death toll and number of civilians killed provided by the UN, as well as the confirmed number of deaths among soldiers per the Museum of Military History
  23. ^ a b "Nuland Claims 400-500 Russian Soldiers Killed in Eastern Ukraine". Sputnik News. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  24. ^ a b c Vlasova, Anastasia; Maxim Tucker (25 January 2015). "Ukraine hides devastating losses as Russia-backed fighters surge forward". KyivPost. Archived from the original on 24 January 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  25. ^ Kim, Lucian (4 November 2014). "The Battle of Ilovaisk: Details of a Massacre Inside Rebel-Held Eastern Ukraine". Newsweek. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  26. ^ "Ukraine crisis: A mood of relief, anger and mutiny prevails among retreating troops". The Independent. 19 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2015. 
  27. ^ "At least 300 Ukrainian soldiers were killed during hostilities in Mariupol, Donetsk airport and near Debaltseve in 2015 - Butusov". EN.Censor.net. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  28. ^ "As fighting in east escalates, confusion over number of casualties". kyivpost.com. 14 June 2016. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016. 
  29. ^ "Ukrainian Defense Ministry says 1,750 confirmed military deaths in conflict up to February 2015". uatoday.tv. 23 March 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  30. ^ a b c "Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights" (PDF). unocha.org. 6 March 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  31. ^ "Over 450 civilians killed in Luhansk since May: health minister". FOCUS Information Agency. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  32. ^ Walker, Shaun (12 September 2014). "Despair in Luhansk as residents count the dead". Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 September 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  33. ^ "Ukraine: Rising Civilian Toll in Luhansk". Human Rights Watch. 1 September 2014. Archived from the original on 1 September 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  34. ^ "232 persons perish in AFU shelling since year's turn – DPR Ombudsman's Office". 9 October 2017. Retrieved 9 October 2017. 
  35. ^ "Over 1,500 people gone missing in Kiev-controlled area of Donbas in 2015 — report". TASS. 17 June 2015. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  36. ^ "Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine 16 February to 15 May 2015" (PDF). "OHCHR. May 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  37. ^ Зниклими безвісти в Донбасі вважаються 774 українця - СБУ [774 Ukrainians deemed to be missing in Donbass - SBU]. Ua-Pressa.com (in Ukrainian). 17 November 2015. Archived from the original on 18 November 2015. 
  38. ^ "Nearly 2,000 Ukrainian soldiers killed in east Ukraine conflict zone". 21 September 2015. Retrieved 21 September 2015. 
  39. ^ SBU names number of Ukrainian hostages in Russia, occupied Donbas
  40. ^ a b "108 people held hostage in occupied Donbas, 495 gone missing, - SBU". 24 November 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2016. 
  41. ^ a b 816 Donetsk residents still kept in Ukraine’s prisons — rignts ombudswoman
  42. ^ "Militants held in captivity 180 Ukrainian servicemen". Ukraine News: Information portal newspaper "Young Bukovynets". 16 March 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  43. ^ "More than 1,200 people held prisoner by Kiev — DPR human rights ombudsperson". TASS. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  44. ^ "157 Ukrainians in militant captivity - Ukrainian officials". 
  45. ^ "Ukraine, pro-Russian rebels swap 20 prisoners". dailystar.com.lb. AFP. 29 October 2015. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  46. ^ "Ukraine, LPR exchange prisoners in three-for-six format". TASS. 26 February 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016. 
  47. ^ "Ukraine's Security Service discloses number of released captives and those still held hostages". Ukraine Today. 23 September 2016. Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  48. ^ "Russian-backed militants hold 107 Ukrainians hostage, including 64 troops". uatoday.tv. 8 August 2016. Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  49. ^ "Human rights commissioner: DPR authorities lost contact with 200 prisoners held in Ukraine". TASS. 21 March 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  50. ^ "Ukraine frees two prisoners — DPR ombudsman". 12 August 2016. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  51. ^ "Ukrainian commander freed by Kremlin separatists". KyivPost. Archived from the original on 23 May 2015. 
  52. ^ За период агрессии РФ на Донбассе освобождены 3136 украинских заложников – Тандит
  53. ^ Ирина Геращенко: По состоянию на 15 декабря в плену у боевиков на Донбассе находятся 110 украинцев
  54. ^ ЗА ВРЕМЯ ВОЙНЫ В ПЛЕНУ ПОБЫВАЛИ БОЛЕЕ ТРЕХ ТЫСЯЧ УКРАИНЦЕВ, - СБУ
  55. ^ Prisoner Swap Between Ukraine, Pro-Russia Separatists Appears to Be Moving Closer
  56. ^ "Another Georgian Man Killed Fighting In Ukraine". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  57. ^ "Kyrgyz Mercenary Details Russian Military Role In Ukraine". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 19 April 2015. 
  58. ^ Shapovalenko, Herman; Yevhen Vorokh; Yuriy Hirchenko. Книга пам'яті загиблих [Memorial Book to the Fallen]. memorybook.org.ua (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  59. ^ "Іноземні громадяни, які полягли, захищаючи Україну". memorybook.org.ua. Книга пам'яті загиблих. Retrieved 2017-11-05. 
  60. ^ "Isa Munayev died in the battle for Debaltseve". info-news.eu. 2 February 2015. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2016. 
  61. ^ Segalov, Michael (26 August 2015). "The number of Russian troops killed or injured fighting in Ukraine seems to have been accidentally published". London: The Independent. Archived from the original on 26 August 2015. Retrieved 26 August 2015. 
  62. ^ Eremenko, Alexey (26 August 2015). "Russia's Classified Ukraine Crisis Death Toll Appears to Have Leaked". NBC News. Retrieved 6 July 2016. 
  63. ^ "Statement by Assistant Secretary-General for Human Rights Ivan Šimonović at the Human Rights Council Inter-active dialogue on Ukraine, 29 September 2015". OHCHR. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 29 September 2015. 
  64. ^ "Italian becomes first journalist killed in east Ukraine". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2017-02-04. 
  65. ^ "Confirmed: Italian journalist killed in Eastern Ukraine". RT International. Retrieved 2017-02-04. 
  66. ^ Demirjian, Karoun; Birnbaum, Michael (13 July 2014). "Russia warns Ukraine of 'irreversible consequences' after cross-border shelling". "The Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  67. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Lithuania envoy killed in Luhansk". BBC News. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
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