Parlacen was born as a parliamentary body emulating the Federal Republic of Central America, with Costa Rica an observer. It evolved from the "Contadora Group, a project launched during the 1980s to deal with "civil wars in "El Salvador, "Guatemala and "Nicaragua. Although the Contadora Group was dissolved in 1986, the concept of Central American integration is implicitly referenced in several countries' constitutions. The "Esquipulas Peace Agreement (among other acts) agreed to the creation of a Central American Parliament composed of 20–22 directly-elected deputies from each country. "Costa Rica has not ratified the agreement, and is not represented in the Parlacen. Parlacen is seen by some (including former President of Honduras "Ricardo Maduro) as a "white elephant.
Central American Court of Justice
The CCJ's mission is to promote peace in the region and the unity of its member states. The Court has jurisdiction to hear cases:
- Between member states
- Between a member state and a non-member state accepting the court's jurisdiction
- Between states and a resident of a member state
- Concerning the integration process between SICA and member states (or persons)
The court may offer consultation to the region's supreme courts. In 2005 it ruled that Nicaraguan congressional reforms (which removed control of water, energy and telecommunications from President "Enrique Bolaños) were "legally inapplicable".["citation needed] As of July 2005, the CCJ had made 70 resolutions since hearing its first case in 1994.
- Central American Bank for Economic Integration (Banco Centroamericano de Integración Económica, BCIE)
- Central American Common Market (CACM; Mercado Común Centroamericano, MCCA)
- Central American Court of Justice (CCJ)
- "Central American Parliament (Parlamento Centroamericano, PARLACEN)
- Board of Parliament
- President's Summit
- Comité Consultivo (CC-SICA)
- Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs
- Executive Committee (CE-SICA)
- Vice President's Summit
- Secretariat General (SG-SICA)
- "Latin American Integration Association
- "Central America-4 Border Control Agreement
- "Central America-4 passport
- United Nations list of observing international organizations
- Central American Integration System: representation in New York
- "Central American Defense Council - Some Problems and Achievements". Lieutenant Colonel Laun C. Smith, JR. Retrieved 2006-05-22.
- General Treaty on Central American Economic Integration between Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua signed at Managua, on 13 December 1960 Archived March 4, 2009, at the "Wayback Machine.
- Sistema de Integración Centroamericano News (in Spanish)
- Bulmer-Thomas, Victor and A. Douglas Kincaid. Central America 2020: Towards a New Regional Development Model. USAID. EU Commission. 2000
- América Central
- Alexander Aizenstatd. Reflejos del Derecho Comunitario Europeo en las decisiones de la Corte Centroamericana de Justicia. Revista General de Derecho Europeo No. 25 (2011)
- Central American Bank for Economic Integration
- Official website of the CCJ (Spanish language)
- History of the CACJ from WorldCourts
- CACJ history page from PICT
- "The EU's relations with Central America". The EU's Official Website. Archived from the original on 2006-06-22. Retrieved 2006-06-19.
- "Hudson, Manley O. (June 1943). "Chapter 3. The Central American Court of Justice". The Permanent Court of International Justice 1920-1942 (A Treatise). New York: "The Macmillan Company. pp 42–70 Sections 39-62.
- Ishmael, Odeen (July 2007). Guyana Journal (2007-07): Advancing Integration Between Caricom and Central America
- Kimitch, Rebecca (July 15, 2005). Commission Studies Impeachment, Tico Times.