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Charles the Younger
"King of the Franks
with "Charlemagne
"Coronation 25 December 800
Predecessor Charlemagne
as sole king
Successor Charlemagne
as sole king
"Dukes of Maine
Reign 790–811
Predecessor "Grifo
Successor "Louis the German
"Ruler of Bohemia
Reign 806–811
Predecessor "Lech
Successor "Louis the Pious
Born c. 772
Died 4 December 811 (aged 39)
"Dynasty "Carolingian
Father "Charlemagne
Mother "Hildegard of Swabia

Charles the Younger or Charles of Ingelheim (c. 772 – 4 December 811) was a member of the "Carolingian dynasty, the second son of "Charlemagne and the first by his second wife, "Hildegard of Swabia[1] and brother of "Louis the Pious and "Pepin Carloman. When Charlemagne divided his empire among his sons, his son Charles was designated "King of the Franks.


His eldest half-brother, "Pippin the Hunchback, had been sent to the monastery of "Prüm in 792 after having been involved in a rebellion against their father, Charlemagne.[2] Of his younger brothers, "Carloman (renamed "Pippin) and "Louis the Pious, were appointed sub-kings of "Italy and "Aquitaine.[3]

Charles was mostly preoccupied with the Bretons, whose border he shared and who rebelled on at least two occasions and were easily put down, but he was also sent against the Saxons on multiple occasions. Charles' father outlived him, however, and the entire kingdom thus went to his younger brother Louis the Pious, Pippin also having died.

Around 789, it was suggested by Charlemagne that Charles the Younger should be married to "Offa's daughter "Ælfflæd. Offa insisted that the marriage could only go ahead if Charlemagne's daughter Bertha was married to Offa's son "Ecgfrith. Charlemagne took offence, broke off contact, and closed his ports to English traders.[4] Eventually, normal relations were reestablished and the ports were reopened. Just a few years later, in 796, Charlemagne and Offa concluded the first commercial treaty known in English history.

His father associated Charles in the government of "Francia and "Saxony, "Neustria in 790, and installed him as ruler of the ducatus Cenomannicus (corresponding to the later "Duchy of Maine).[5] Charles was crowned "King of the Franks at Rome 25 December, 800, the same day his father was crowned Emperor.

He killed "Sorbian duke "Miliduch and Slavic "Knez, Nussito (Nessyta) near modern-day "Weißenfels in a "Frankish campaign in 806.[6]

On 4 December 811, in "Bavaria, Charles had a stroke and died. He left no children. In the "Matter of France, Charles is fictionalized as "Charlot.





  1. ^ Himiltrude, by whom Charlemagne had a son, "Pepin the Hunchback, was a concubine or common law wife. See Riche, Pierre, The Carolingians, p.86 ("Although he already had a son by his concubine, Himiltrude..."); Chamberlin, Russell, The Emperor Charlemagne, p.61: "he made the first of those confusing sexual relationships which was something more than concubinage, less than marriage...the Franks called it friedelehe, and it could perhaps be compared with the English system of common-law wife or husband..."
  2. ^ Roger Collins (1998). Charlemagne. University of Toronto Press. pp. 125–. "ISBN "978-0-8020-8218-3. 
  3. ^ Matthias Becher (2003). Charlemagne. Yale University Press. pp. 127–. "ISBN "978-0-300-10758-6. 
  4. ^ Natalie Fryde; Dirk Reitz (2009). Walls, Ramparts, and Lines of Demarcation: Selected Studies from Antiquity to Modern Times. LIT Verlag Münster. pp. 41–. "ISBN "978-3-8258-9478-8. 
  5. ^ "Counts of Maine". Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  6. ^ Vickers, Robert H. (1894). History of Bohemia. Chicago: C. H. Sergel Company. p. 48. 
Charles the Younger
Cadet branch of the 772
Born: April 773 Died: 4 December 811
Regnal titles
Preceded by
as sole king
"King of the Franks
with "Charlemagne (800–811)
Succeeded by
as sole king
Preceded by
"Dukes of Maine
Succeeded by
"Louis the German
Preceded by
"Ruler of Bohemia
Succeeded by
"Louis the Pious
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