The China containment policy is a political term referring to a claimed goal of "U.S. foreign policy to diminish "the economic and political growth of the "People’s Republic of China. The term harkens back to the U.S. "containment policy against communist countries during the "Cold War. Whilst rejected by experts within China, including the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and experts at the Peking University the theory is popular with Chinese netizens.
The theory asserts that the United States needs a weak, divided China to continue its "hegemony in Asia. This is accomplished by the United States establishing military, economic, and diplomatic ties with countries adjacent to China's borders, frustrating China's own attempts at alliance-building and economic partnership. The presence of American military in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan; recently strengthened ties with "South Korea and "Japan; efforts to improve relations with "India and "Vietnam; and the Obama administration's 2012 "Pivot to Asia Strategy for increased American involvement in the Pacific have been pointed to as evidence of a containment policy. The United States has officially claimed they have no China containment policy and that they "want China to succeed and prosper."
The US 2006 Quadrennial Defense Review Report states that China has "the greatest potential of any nation to militarily compete with the US and field disruptive military technologies that over time offset traditional US advantages." The document continues by stating that China must be more open in reporting its military expenditures and refrain from "locking up" energy supplies by continuing to obtain energy contracts with disreputable regimes in "Africa and "Central Asia. The policy assumes that measures should be taken against China to prevent it from seeking hegemony in the "Asia-Pacific region and/or worldwide.
Supporters of Chinese containment or increased American involvement in "East Asia have cited the United States as a counterbalance to the excesses of Chinese expansion. Countries in territorial disputes with China, such as in the "South China Sea and the "Senkaku Islands, have complained about harassment in the disputed areas. Some experts have suggested that China may leverage their economic strength in such disputes, one example being the sudden restriction on Chinese imports of Filipino bananas during tensions over the "Scarborough Shoal.
It is assumed that it was established or reconfirmed during Bush’s visit to India in March 2006. The media speculated about "India–United States relations having the US India to contain China. Indian officials publicly denied the claims.
Condoleezza Rice’s visit to "Australia in March 2006 for the "trilateral security forum" with the Japanese foreign minister "Taro Aso and his Australian counterpart "Alexander Downer. (See "Japan–United States relations and "Australia–United States relations) Labeled by the Asian media["quantify] as a "little "NATO against China" or the new "triple alliance", or "the axis of democracy" by the "Economist.
In May 2007, the four nations signed a strategic military partnership agreement, the "Quadrilateral Security Dialogue.
The three nations held their first trilateral meeting in Dec 2011.
The three nations held their first trilateral meeting in June 2015.
Australia has a growing dependency on China’s market. Its mining industry is booming owing to Chinese demand. During the second Bush Administration, ahead of the visit by Condoleezza Rice and her warning about China becoming a "negative force" the Australian "Foreign Affairs Minister, Alexander Downer, warned that Australia does not agree with a policy of containment of China. Rice clarified that the U.S. is not advocating a containment policy.
China is India's largest trading partner. George W. Bush’s visit to India was seen in part as an attempt to boost bilateral trade and to expand US influence, by offering India important nuclear technology. China is the US's fifth-largest trading partner in terms of exports, but India ranks only twenty-fourth.
China has overtaken the US as Japan’s largest trading partner.