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"As she talks, her lips breathe spring roses: I was Chloris, who am now called Flora." "Ovid

In "Greek mythology, the name Chloris ("/ˈklɔːrɪs/; Greek Χλωρίς Khlōris, from χλωρός khlōros, meaning "greenish-yellow", "pale green", "pale", "pallid", or "fresh") appears in a variety of contexts. Some clearly refer to different characters; other stories may refer to the same Chloris, but disagree on details.


Chloris, the Nymph[edit]

Chloris was a "Nymph who was associated with spring, flowers and new growth, believed to have dwelt in the "Elysian Fields. Myths had it that she was abducted by "Zephyrus, the god of the west wind (which, as Ovid himself points out, was a parallel to the story of his brother "Boreas and "Oreithyia), who transformed her into a deity known as "Flora after they were married. Together, they have a son, named "Karpos. She was also thought to have been responsible for the transformations of "Adonis, "Attis, "Crocus, "Hyacinthus and "Narcissus into flowers.[1][2]

Chloris, wife of Neleus[edit]

Chloris is the daughter of a different "Amphion (himself son of "Iasus, king of "Orchomenus)[3] by ""Persephone, daughter of "Minyas" ["sic].[4] Chloris was said to have married "Neleus and become queen in "Pylos. It is, however, not always clear whether she or the above Chloris is mentioned in this role.

Chloris and Zephyr had twelve sons including "Nestor, "Alastor and "Chromius - named in Book 11 of the Odyssey - a daughter "Pero. Chloris also gave birth to "Periclymenus while married to Neleus, though by some accounts Periclymenus's father was "Poseidon (who was himself Neleus's father as well). Poseidon gave Periclymenus the ability to transform into any animal. Other children include Taurus, Asterius, Pylaon, Deimachus, "Eurybius, Phrasius, Eurymenes, Evagoras and Epilaus (or Epileon).[5] Some say that Chloris was mother only of three of Neleus' sons (Nestor, Periclymenus and Chromius), whereas the rest were his children by different women,[6] but other accounts explicitly disagree with the statement.[7]

"Odysseus is said to have encountered Chloris on his journey to "Hades.[8] Pausanias describes a painting by "Polygnotus of Chloris among other notable women in the underworld, leaning against the knees of her friend "Thyia.[9]

Chloris, the Niobid[edit]

"Meliboea was one of "Niobe and "Amphion's fourteen children (the "Niobids), and the only one (or one of two) spared when "Artemis and "Apollo killed the Niobids in retribution for Niobe's insult to their mother "Leto, bragging that she had many children and Leto had only two. Meliboea was so frightened by the ordeal, she turned permanently pale, changing her name to Chloris ("pale one").[10][11][12] Pausanias mentioned a statue of Chloris near the sanctuary of "Leto in "Argos.[13] In another version, she is a daughter of "Teiresias.[14]

Chloris, mother of Mopsus[edit]

Chloris, daughter of "Orchomenus,[15] married the seer "Ampyx (son of "Elatus), with whom she had a child "Mopsus who also became a renowned seer and would later join the "Argonauts.[16][17] The "Argonautica Orphica calls her by a different name, "Aregonis.[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ovid, "Fasti, 5. 195 ff
  2. ^ Theoi.com - Chloris
  3. ^ "Homer, Odyssey, 11. 284: "the youngest daughter"; "Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9. 36. 8; cf. also "Strabo, Geography, 8. 3. 19
  4. ^ "Scholia on Odyssey, 11. 281, citing "Pherecydes
  5. ^ "Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 1. 9. 9
  6. ^ Aristarchus in "scholia on "Iliad, 11. 692; "Scholia on "Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 152 — apparently following Odyssey 11. 285, where only Nestor, Chromius and Periclymenus are enumerated
  7. ^ Bibliotheca 1. 9. 9; "Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 68. 6; "Hyginus, Fabulae, 10
  8. ^ "Homer's "Odyssey, 11, 281-296
  9. ^ "Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 29. 5
  10. ^ "Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca, 3. 5. 6, referring to "Telesilla
  11. ^ "Hyginus, Fabulae, 9-10
  12. ^ "Tzetzes, Chiliades, 4. 422
  13. ^ "Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 21. 9
  14. ^ "Scholia on "Pindar, Nemean Ode 9. 57; in scholia on "Euripides, "Phoenician Women, 834 were mentioned the names of her mother (Xanthe?), herself and her two siblings, but the text is badly corrupt.
  15. ^ "Tzetzes on "Lycophron, 881
  16. ^ "Scholia on "Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 65
  17. ^ "Hyginus, Fabulae, 14
  18. ^ Argonautica Orphica, 126

External links[edit]

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