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"Chariot clock in "National Statuary Hall by Carlo Franzoni, 1819, depicting Clio, titled the Car of History.
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Clio: the Muse of History by "Artemsia Gentileschi.
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Clio by "Pierre Mignard.

In "Greek mythology, Clio ("/ˈkli./ or, more rarely, "/ˈkl./; "Greek: Κλειώ, Kleiṓ; "made famous" or "to make famous"), also spelled Kleio,[1] is the "muse of history,[2] or in a few mythological accounts, the muse of lyre playing.[3] Like all the muses, she is a daughter of "Zeus and the "Titaness "Mnemosyne. Along with her sisters, she was considered to dwell at either "Mount Helicon or "Mount Parnassos.[2] Other common locations for the Muses were "Pieria in "Thessaly, near to "Mount Olympus.[3] She had one son, "Hyacinth, with one of several kings, in various myths—with "Pierus or with king "Oebalus of "Sparta, or with king "Amyclas,[4] progenitor of the people of Amyclae, dwellers about Sparta. Some sources say she was also the mother of "Hymenaios.["citation needed] Other accounts credit her as the mother of "Linus, a poet who was buried at "Argos, although Linus has a number of differing parents depending upon the account, including several accounts in which he is the son of Clio's sisters "Urania or "Calliope.[5]

All of the Muses were considered to be the best practitioners of their fields, and any mortal challenging them in their sphere was destined to be defeated. They were often associated with "Apollo. The most common number of the Muses is 9, but the number is not always consistent in earlier mythologies.[3] "Hesiod is usually considered to have set their number, names, and spheres of interest in his poem "Theogony.[6]

Clio, sometimes referred to as "the Proclaimer", is often represented with an open scroll of parchment scroll or a set of tablets. The name is etymologically derived from the Greek root κλέω/κλείω (meaning "to recount," "to make famous,"[7] or "to celebrate").[8]

In her capacity as "the proclaimer, glorifier and celebrator of history, great deeds and accomplishments,"[9] Clio is the namesake of various modern brands, including the "Clio Awards for excellence in advertising. The "Cleo of Alpha Chi society at "Trinity College is named after the muse. 'Clio' also represents "history in some coined words in academic usage: "cliometrics, "cliodynamics.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Harvey, Paul (1984). "Clio/Kleio". The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (Revised 1984 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 110. "ISBN "0-19-281490-7. 
  2. ^ a b Leeming, David (2005). "Muses". The Oxford Companion to World Mythology. Oxford University Press. p. 274. "ISBN "978-0-19-515669-0. 
  3. ^ a b c Morford, Mark P. O.; Lenardon, Robert J. (1971). Classical Mythology. New York: David McKay Company. pp. 56–57. "ISBN "0-679-30028-7. 
  4. ^ "Pseudo-Apollodorus 3. 10.3; "Pausanias 3. 1.3, 19.4
  5. ^ Graves, Robert (1960). The Greek Myths. 2 (1960 revised ed.). London: Penguin. pp. 212–213. 
  6. ^ Schachter, Albert (1996). "Muses". In Hornblower, Simon; Spawforth, Antony. The Oxford Classical Dictionary (Third ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. p. 1002. "ISBN "0-19-866172-X. 
  7. ^ D. S. Levene, Damien P. Nelis (2002). Clio and the Poets: Augustan Poetry and the Traditions of Ancient Historiography. Brill Academic Publishers. "ISBN "90-04-11782-2. 
  8. ^ "Clio". November 2, 2011. Archived from the original on June 24, 2010. Retrieved October 4, 2013. 
  9. ^ Carder, Sheri: "Clio Awards" The Guide to United States popular culture, pages 180-181, "ISBN "978-0-87972-821-2

External links[edit]

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