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In "Greek mythology, Coeus ("Ancient Greek: Κοῖος, Koios, "query, questioning") was one of the "Titans, the giant sons and daughters of "Uranus (Heaven) and "Gaia (Earth). His equivalent in "Latin poetry—though he scarcely makes an appearance in "Roman mythology—was Polus, the embodiment of the celestial axis around which the heavens revolve.
Like most of the Titans he played no active part in "Greek religion—he appears only in lists of Titans—but was primarily important for his descendants. With his sister, "shining" "Phoebe, Coeus fathered "Leto and "Asteria. Leto copulated with "Zeus (the son of fellow Titans "Cronus and "Rhea) and bore "Artemis and "Apollo.
Given that Phoebe symbolized prophetic wisdom just as Coeus represented rational intelligence, the couple may have possibly functioned together as the primal font of all knowledge in the cosmos. Along with the other Titans, Coeus was overthrown by Zeus and the other "Olympians in the "Titanomachy. Afterwards, he and all his brothers were imprisoned in "Tartarus by Zeus. Coeus, later overcome with madness, broke free from his bonds and attempted to escape his imprisonment, but was repelled by "Cerberus.
- ^ "Ovid in "Metamorphoses (VI.185) alludes to Coeus' obscure nature: ""Latona, that Titaness whom Coeus sired, whoever he may be." (nescio quoque audete satam Titanida Coeo): M. L. West, in "Hesiod's Titans" (The Journal of Hellenic Studies 105 [1985:174–175]) remarks that Phoibe's "consort Koios is an even more obscure quantity. Perhaps he too had originally to with "Delphic divination", and he suspects that Phoebe, Koios and "Themis were Delphic additions to the list of Titanes, drawn from various archaic sources.
- ^ Specifically in the surviving epitome of "Hyginus' Preface to the Fabulae; the name of Coeus is repeated in the list of "Gigantes.
- ^ Such as "Hesiod, "Theogony 133; "Pseudo-Apollodorus, "Bibliotheke 1.2–1.3; "Diodorus Siculus, 5.66.1.
- ^ Hesiod included among his descendents "Hekate, daughter of Asteriē, as "Apostolos N. Athanassakis, noted, correcting the "OCD, noted (Athanassakis, "Hekate Is Not the Daughter of Koios and Phoibe" The Classical World 71.2 [October 1977:127]); R. Renehan expanded the note in "Hekate, H. J. Rose, and C. M. Bowra", The Classical World, 73.5 (February 1980:302–304).
- ^ "Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollo, 61; in the "Orphic Hymn to Leto she is Leto Koiantes, "Leto, daughter of Koios".
- ^ Hesiod, Theogony 404 ff; Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke 1.8.
- ^ Valerius Flaccus, "Argonautica" 3. 224 ff
- ^ "Hesiod, "Theogony 132–138, 337–411, 453–520, 901–906, 915–920; Caldwell, pp. 8–11, tables 11–14.
- ^ Although usually the daughter of Hyperion and Theia, as in "Hesiod, "Theogony 371–374, in the "Homeric Hymn to Hermes (4), 99–100, Selene is instead made the daughter of Pallas the son of Megamedes.
- ^ According to "Hesiod, "Theogony 507–511, Clymene, one of the "Oceanids, the daughters of "Oceanus and "Tethys, at "Hesiod, "Theogony 351, was the mother by Iapetus of Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus, and Epimetheus, while according to "Apollodorus, 1.2.3, another Oceanid, Asia was their mother by Iapetus.
- ^ According to "Plato, "Critias, 113d–114a, Atlas was the son of "Poseidon and the mortal "Cleito.
- ^ In "Aeschylus, "Prometheus Bound 18, 211, 873 (Sommerstein, pp. 444–445 n. 2, 446–447 n. 24, 538–539 n. 113) Prometheus is made to be the son of "Themis.