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Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union
Съезд Советов Советского Союза
 "Soviet Union
""Coat of arms or logo
Established 30 December 1922
Disbanded 5 December 1936
Preceded by

Congresses of Soviet republics

Succeeded by "Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union
Chairman of the Presidium of the Congress
"Indirect elections

The Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union ("Russian: Съезд Советов Советского Союза), was the supreme governing body in the "Soviet Union since the formation of the USSR (30 December 1922) and until adoption of the "1936 Soviet Constitution.[1] It is not the same as the "All-Russian Congress of Soviets which governed the "Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic


Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union was composed of representatives from the councils of all the Soviet republics on the following standards: from the City Council - 1 member from 25 thousand voters, from provincial (regional, territorial) and Republican congresses - 1 member from the 125 thousand residents. Delegates to the All-Union Congress were elected at the provincial (regional, territorial) autonomous republican "congresses of the Soviets, or (if republic did not have provincial (and then provincial, regional) congresses) - directly at the Congress of Soviets of the union republic.


The exclusive jurisdiction of the Congress of Soviets consists of:

Congress of the Soviets shall determine the general direction of all public bodies, elect a "Central Executive Committee of the USSR, responsible to Congress accountable to it.

The only chairman of the Presidium of the Congress was "Mikhail Kalinin.


  1. ^ David A. Law, Russian Civilization, New York: Arno Press, 1975, p. 145, 161, 178, 286.
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