See more Crius articles on AOD.
Share this page on
Article provided by Wikipedia
[pageid] => 79940
In "Greek mythology, Crius , Kreios or Krios ("Ancient Greek: Κρεῖος, Κριός) was one of the "Titans in the list given in "Hesiod's "Theogony, a son of "Uranus and "Gaia.
The least individualized among the Titans  he was overthrown in the "Titanomachy. "M. L. West has suggested how Hesiod filled out the complement of Titans from the core group—adding three figures from the archaic tradition of "Delphi, "Coeus, and "Phoibe, whose name "Apollo assumed with the oracle, and "Themis. Among possible further interpolations among the Titans was Crius, whose interest for Hesiod was as the father of "Perses and grandfather of "Hecate, for whom Hesiod was, according to West, an "enthusiastic evangelist".
Although "krios" was also the ancient Greek word for "ram", the Titan's "chthonic position in the "Underworld means no classical association with "Aries, the "Ram" of the "zodiac, is ordinarily made. Aries is the first visible constellation in the sky at the spring season, marking the start of the new year in the ancient Greek calendar.
Consorting with "Eurybia, daughter of Earth ("Gaia) and Sea ("Pontus), he fathered "Astraios and "Pallas as well as Perses. The joining of Astraios with "Eos, the Dawn, brought forth "Eosphoros, the other Stars and the "Winds.
Joined to fill out lists of Titans to form a total that made a match with the "Twelve Olympians, Crius was inexorably involved in the ten-year-long war between the Olympian gods and Titans, the "Titanomachy, though without any specific part to play. When the war was lost, Crius was banished along with the others to the lower level of "Hades called "Tartarus.
- ^ Etymology uncertain: traditionally considered a variation of κρῑός "ram"; the word κρεῖος was also extant in Ancient Greek but only in the sense of "type of mussel" .
- ^ "About the other siblings of Kronos no close inquiry is called for," observes Friedrich Solmsen, in discussing "The Two Near Eastern Sources of Hesiod", Hermes 117.4 (1989:413–422) p. 419. "They prove useful for Hesiod to head his pedigrees of the gods", adding in a note "On "Koios and Kreios we have to admit abysmal ignorance."
- ^ M.L. West, "Hesiod's Titans," The Journal of Hellenic Studies 105 (1985), pp. 174–175.
- ^ "Hesiod, "Theogony 132–138, 337–411, 453–520, 901–906, 915–920; Caldwell, pp. 8–11, tables 11–14.
- ^ Although usually the daughter of Hyperion and Theia, as in "Hesiod, "Theogony 371–374, in the "Homeric Hymn to Hermes (4), 99–100, Selene is instead made the daughter of Pallas the son of Megamedes.
- ^ According to "Hesiod, "Theogony 507–511, Clymene, one of the "Oceanids, the daughters of "Oceanus and "Tethys, at "Hesiod, "Theogony 351, was the mother by Iapetus of Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus, and Epimetheus, while according to "Apollodorus, 1.2.3, another Oceanid, Asia was their mother by Iapetus.
- ^ According to "Plato, "Critias, 113d–114a, Atlas was the son of "Poseidon and the mortal "Cleito.
- ^ In "Aeschylus, "Prometheus Bound 18, 211, 873 (Sommerstein, pp. 444–445 n. 2, 446–447 n. 24, 538–539 n. 113) Prometheus is made to be the son of "Themis.
- ^ About.com's Ancient/Classical History section; "Hesiod, "Theogony 617-643: "So they, with bitter wrath, were fighting continually with one another at that time for ten full years, and the hard strife had no close or end for either side..."