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Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats
Hrvatska narodna stranka - Liberalni demokrati
President "Ivan Vrdoljak
Secretary-General Srećko Ferenčak
Vice Presidents Srđan Gjurković
Founder "Savka Dabčević-Kučar
Founded 13 October 1990 (1990-10-13)
Headquarters "Zagreb, "Croatia
Membership (2013) 45,005[1]
"Ideology "Liberalism[2]
"Social liberalism[2]
"Pro-Europeanism
"Political position "Centre to "centre-left
National affiliation "People's Coalition
(2010–2017)
"European affiliation "Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
International affiliation "Liberal International (observer)
"European Parliament group "Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colors      "Gold, "Orange
"Sabor
5 / 151
"European Parliament
0 / 11
"County Prefects
1 / 21
"Mayors
5 / 128
Website
Official website

The Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats ("Croatian: Hrvatska narodna stranka – Liberalni demokrati or HNS – LD) is a "liberal[2] "political party in "Croatia.

As of April 2015 HNS forms a parliamentary club with 5 members in the "Croatian Parliament, making them the fourth largest party in Croatia in terms of parliament representation.[3] HNS is an observing member of the "Liberal International and a full member of the "Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party. Since 17 December 2017 the party's leader is "Ivan Vrdoljak.

Contents

Origins[edit]

The "People's Party in Croatia was originally formed in 1841, during the period of Croatian "romantic nationalism. The Croatian People's Party describes the events of the "Illyrian movement since 1835 as its history.[4]["clarification needed]

During "Communism in the "second Yugoslavia, the liberal leaders of the "League of Communists of Croatia were "Savka Dabčević-Kučar and "Miko Tripalo, who participated in the "Croatian Spring of 1971.

Modern party[edit]

The modern Croatian People's Party was formed in late 1990 by members of the "Coalition of People's Accord ("Croatian: Koalicija narodnog sporazuma) which had participated on the "first multi-party election of 1990, led by Savka Dabčević-Kučar, Miko Tripalo, Dragutin Haramija and others.

The HNS remained a small opposition party. In the "1992 election they won 6.7% of the vote and attained 6 seats in the "Croatian Parliament. In 1994, construction entrepreneur "Radimir Čačić became party chairman. In the "1995 election they won 2 seats as part of an election alliance.

In the "January 2000 election they formed a four-party coalition with "HSS, "LS and "IDS, which together won 25 seats in the "Parliament, two of whom were HNS representatives. As a result, the party participated in the 2000–2003 government of "Ivica Račan through the minister of public works, construction and reconstruction Radimir Čačić. A few weeks later, the coalition's candidate and HNS member "Stjepan Mesić was "elected "President of the Republic.

Also in 2000, HNS elected a new party chair, sociologist "Vesna Pusić.

In the "November 2003 elections, their alliance with the "Alliance of Primorje-Gorski Kotar and the "Slavonia-Baranja Croatian Party won 8% of the vote and 11 out of 151 seats, 10 of them HNS representatives. However, despite significantly improved results, the party moved to the opposition.

A second element of today's People's Party, the "Party of Liberal Democrats or Libra, originated in time of the Račan government when in 2002 "Dražen Budiša, the leader of the "Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS), pulled out of the coalition. Ten members of parliament from Budiša's party, led by "Jozo Radoš, refused to bring down the government and instead split from the HSLS, forming Libra, the Party of Liberal Democrats. That party won 3 seats in the 2003 election. On 6 February 2005, most of the 1,250 representatives of HNS on its seventh convention voted to merge with Libra as the Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats. The total number of parliamentary seats for the party increased to 13.

In the "November 2007 elections the party ran on its own and got around 7% of the vote and 7 seats in the "Croatian Sabor. It remained in the opposition. Since then, two representatives in Sabor, Dragutin Lesar and Zlatko Horvat, left the party.

In April 2008 Radimir Čačić was elected as party chair after defeating Dragutin Lesar, and then again in March 2012.

Chairpersons of the party[edit]

# Name In office
1. "Savka Dabčević-Kučar 1990-1995
2. "Radimir Čačić 1995-2000
3. "Vesna Pusić 2000-2008
4. "Radimir Čačić 2008-2013
5. "Vesna Pusić 2013-2016
6. "Ivan Vrdoljak 2016-2017
"Predrag Štromar 2017 (Acting)
6. "Ivan Vrdoljak 2017-

Election history[edit]

Legislative[edit]

The following is a summary of the party's results in legislative elections for the "Croatian parliament. The "Total votes" and "Percentage" columns include sums of votes won by pre-election coalitions HNS had been part of. After "preferential votes were added to the electoral system, the votes column also includes the statistic of the total number of such votes received by candidates of HNS on coalition lists. The "Total seats" column includes sums of seats won by HNS in election constituencies plus representatives of ethnic minorities affiliated with HNS.

Election In coalition with Votes won Percentage Seats won Change Government
(Coalition totals) (HNS only)
"1992 (August) None 176,214 6.67
6 / 138
Steady Opposition
"1995 (October) "HSS–"IDS–"HKDU–"SBHS 441,390 18.26
2 / 127
Decrease 4 Opposition
"2000 (January) "HSS–"IDS–"LS–"ASH 432,527 14.70
2 / 151
Steady Government
"2003 (November) "PGS–"SBHS 198,781 8.00
10 / 151
Increase 8 Opposition
"2007 (November) None 168,440 6.80
7 / 153
Decrease 3 Opposition
"2011 (December) "SDP–IDS–HSU 958,312 40.00
14 / 151
Increase 7 Government
"2015 (November) "SDP–HSU–HL–AHSS–ZS 744,507 (84,002[5]) 32.31
9 / 151
Decrease 5 Opposition
"2016 (September) "SDP–HSU–HSS 636,960[6] (84,581)[7] 33.47
9 / 151
Steady Opposition (until June 2017)
Government (since June 2017)

European Parliament[edit]

Election In coalition with Votes won
(Coalition totals)
Percentage Total seats won
(HNS only)
Change
"April 2013 "SDP–HSU 237,778 32,07%
0 / 12
Steady
"May 2014 "SDP–HSU-IDS-SDSS 275,904 29,93%
1 / 11
Increase 1

Presidential[edit]

The following is a list of presidential candidates who were endorsed by HNS in elections for "President of Croatia.

Election Candidate First round result Second round result
Votes Rank Votes Result
"1992 (Aug) "Savka Dabčević-Kučar (HNS) 6.0% Third
"1997 (Jun) "Vlado Gotovac (HSLS) 17.6% Third
"2000 (Jan–Feb) "Stjepan Mesić (HNS) 41.1% First 56.0% Won
"2005 (Jan) "Stjepan Mesić (Ind.) 48.9% First 65.9% Won
"2009–10 (Dec–Jan) "Vesna Pusić (HNS) 7.3% Fifth
"2014–15 (Dec–Jan) "Ivo Josipović (Ind.) 38.5% First 49.3% Runner-up

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "HNS Vesne Pusić ima više članova od Milanovićeva SDP-a". "Večernji list (in Croatian). 10 October 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Nordsieck, Wolfram (2016). "Croatia". Parties and Elections in Europe. 
  3. ^ http://www.sabor.hr/Default.aspx?sec=5160
  4. ^ "Povijest - 19 stoljeće" [History - 19th century]. hns.hr (in Croatian). Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats. Archived from the original on 2015-01-04. Retrieved 2015-01-04. 
  5. ^ Suzana Barilar (13 November 2015). "Preferencijalni glasovi". "Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 
  6. ^ "Uživo-rezultati izbora", index.hr, 12.9.2016.
  7. ^ "Posavec: Za HNS je glasalo 127 tisuća ljudi, zaradili smo 11 mandata". Faktograf. 16 September 2016. 

External links[edit]

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