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See also: "Institutions of the European Union

List of programmes[edit]

The EU promotes cultural development through numerous programmes such as:

List of awards[edit]

The EU promotes cultural development through the policy of awards:

List of non-EU cultural institutions, bodies and programmes[edit]

The following is a list of European institutions, bodies and programmes which may be thought to be related to the EU/EU policy, but are not:

Policies by sector[edit]

Arts and Culture[edit]

The "European Commission runs the EU's Culture Programme, which typically runs in 7 year intervals. The last Culture Programme was called "Culture 2000. For the next Culture Programme (2007-2013) was spent €400 million. Current program is called "Creative Europe" (2014-2020). [8]

Sports[edit]

Sport policies of the European Union

Sport is largely the domain of the member states, with the EU mostly playing an indirect role. Recently the EU launched an anti-doping convention. The role of the EU might increase in the future, if (for example) the "Treaty of Lisbon were to be ratified by all member states.[9] Other policies of the EU have affected sports, such as the freedom of employment which was at the core of the "Bosman ruling, which prohibited national football leagues from imposing quotas on foreign players with EU nationality.[10]

Languages[edit]

Languages of the European Union

The languages of the European Union are "languages used by people within the member states of the "European Union. They include the 23 official "languages of the European Union plus many others. EU policy is to encourage all its citizens to be "multilingual; specifically, it encourages them to be able to speak two languages in addition to their "mother tongue. The reason for this is not only to promote easier communication between Europeans, but also to encourage greater "tolerance and "respect for diversity. A number of EU funding programmes actively promote language learning and "linguistic diversity. The content of "educational systems remains the responsibility of individual Member States. Further information can be found at "language policy.[11]

Impact of cultural policies[edit]

European identity[edit]

Pan-European identity

Urban regeneration[edit]

Economic development[edit]

Economy of the European Union

Expansion of the European Union[edit]

Enlargement of the European Union

Criticisms[edit]

Euroscepticism

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schindler, Joerg Michael. "Culture, Politics and Europe: en route to Culture-Related Impact Assessment" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ "European Commission - Culture". Ec.europa.eu. 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  3. ^ "Cultural heritage as a vehicle of cultural identity". philatelism.com. 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 
  4. ^ "Compendium: Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe". Culturalpolicies.net. 1949-05-05. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  5. ^ Bozoki, Andras. "Cultural Policy and Politics in the European Union" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  6. ^ "European Commission Website". Ec.europa.eu. 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  7. ^ "EU Prize for Literature website". Euprizeliterature.eu. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  8. ^ "European Commission Website". Ec.europa.eu. 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2013-07-24. 
  9. ^ Goldirova, Renata (2007-07-11). "Brussels' first-ever move into sport area set to spark controversy". EU Observer. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 
  10. ^ Fordyce, Tom (2007-07-11). "10 years since Bosman". BBC News. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 
  11. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/education/policies/lang/policy/index_en.html

External links[edit]

Gielen, P. (2015) No Culture, No Europe. On the Foundation of Politics. Valiz: Amsterdam.

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