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Main article: "1961 Ndola United Nations DC-6 crash
Flight path of Hammarskjöld's aircraft (pink line) and the decoy (black line), September 1961
Hammarskjöld's grave in "Uppsala

In September 1961, Hammarskjöld learned about fighting between "non-combatant" UN forces and "Moise Tshombe's "Katangese troops. Hammarskjöld was en route to negotiate a "cease-fire on 18 September when his "Douglas DC-6 airliner "SE-BDY crashed with no survivors near "Ndola, "Northern Rhodesia (now "Zambia). Hammarskjöld and 15 others perished in the crash, whose circumstances are still unclear. There is some evidence that suggests the plane was shot down.[12][13][14]

Göran Björkdahl (a Swedish aid worker) wrote in 2011 that he believed Dag Hammarskjöld's death was a murder committed, in part, to benefit mining companies like "Union Minière, after Hammarskjöld had made the UN intervene in the Katanga crisis. Björkdahl based his assertion on interviews with witnesses of the plane crash, near the border of the DRC with Zambia, and on archival documents.[15][16] Former U.S. President "Harry Truman commented that Hammarskjöld "was on the point of getting something done when they killed him. Notice that I said 'when they killed him'."[17]

On 16 March 2015, United Nations Secretary-General "Ban Ki-moon appointed members to an Independent Panel of Experts which would examine new information related to Hammarskjöld's death. The three-member panel, led by "Mohamed Chande Othman, the chief justice of "Tanzania, also included Kerryn Macaulay (Australia's representative to ICAO) and Henrik Larsen (a ballistics expert from the Danish National Police).[18] The panel's 99-page report, released 6 July 2015, assigned "moderate" value to nine new eyewitness accounts and transcripts of radio transmissions. Those accounts suggested that Hammarskjöld's plane was already on fire as it landed, and that other jet aircraft and intelligence agents were nearby.[19]

Spirituality and Markings[edit]

In 1953, soon after his appointment as United Nations Secretary-General, Hammarskjöld was interviewed on radio by "Edward R. Murrow. In this talk Hammarskjöld declared: "But the explanation of how man should live a life of active social service in full harmony with himself as a member of the community of spirit, I found in the writings of those great medieval mystics ["Meister Eckhart and "Jan van Ruysbroek] for whom 'self-surrender' had been the way to self-realization, and who in 'singleness of mind' and 'inwardness' had found strength to say yes to every demand which the needs of their neighbours made them face, and to say yes also to every fate life had in store for them when they followed the call of duty as they understood it."[20]

Hammarskjöld's only book, "Vägmärken (Markings), was published in 1963. A collection of his diary reflections, the book starts in 1925, when he was 20 years old, and ends the month before his death in 1961.[21] This diary was found in his New York house, after his death, along with an undated letter addressed to then Swedish Permanent Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs, Leif Belfrage. In this letter, Hammarskjöld wrote: "These entries provide the only true 'profile' that can be drawn ... If you find them worth publishing, you have my permission to do so". The foreword is written by "W.H. Auden, a friend of Hammarskjöld's.[22]

Markings was described by the late theologian, Henry P. Van Dusen, as "the noblest self-disclosure of spiritual struggle and triumph, perhaps the greatest testament of personal faith written ... in the heat of professional life and amidst the most exacting responsibilities for "world peace and order."[23] Hammarskjöld wrote, for example, "We are not permitted to choose the frame of our destiny. But what we put into it is ours. He who wills adventure will experience it – according to the measure of his courage. He who wills sacrifice will be sacrificed – according to the measure of his purity of heart."[24]

Markings is characterised by Hammarskjöld's intermingling of prose and "haiku poetry in a manner exemplified by the 17th-century Japanese poet "Basho in his "Narrow Roads to the Deep North.[25] In his foreword to Markings, the English poet "W. H. Auden quotes Hammarskjöld as stating: "In our age, the road to holiness necessarily passes through the world of action."[26]

The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America commemorates the life of Hammarskjöld as a renewer of society, on the anniversary of his death, 18 September.["citation needed]




People's views[edit]

Eponymous structures[edit]


Other commemorations[edit]

Memorial at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City



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  2. ^ "Next U.N. secretary general - The Japan Times".  This article names Kofi Annan as the other one.
  3. ^ "How Not to Select the Best UN Secretary-General". 28 October 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Linnér S (2007). "Dag Hammarskjöld and the Congo crisis, 1960–61" (PDF). "Uppsala University. p. Page 28. 
  5. ^ a b Sze, Szeming (December 1986). Working for the United Nations: 1948-1968 (Digital ed.). Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh. p. 20. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
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  10. ^ [1] Archived 22 October 2006 at the "Wayback Machine.
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  12. ^ Borger, Julian (17 August 2011). "Dag Hammarskjöld: evidence suggests UN chief's plane was shot down". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  13. ^ Borger, Julian (4 April 2014). "Dag Hammarskjöld's plane may have been shot down, ambassador warned". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  14. ^ Susan Williams, Who Killed Hammarskjold? 2011, Hurst Publishers, 2014, Oxford University Press
  15. ^ Bjorkdahl, Goran (17 August 2011). "Dag Hammarskjöld: I have no doubt Dag Hammarskjold's plane was brought down". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  16. ^ Bjorkdahl, Goran (February 2013). "EYEWITNESSES: The Hammarskjold Plane Crash. International Peacekeeping, Vol.20, No.1, February 2013,pp.98-115". Taylor & Francis. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  17. ^ Jamie Doward, "Spy messages could finally solve mystery of UN chief’s death crash", "The Guardian 13 December 2014.
  18. ^ "UN announces members of panel probing new information on Dag Hammarskjöld death". UN News Centre. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  19. ^ Associated Press (6 July 2015). "Panel: Possible Aerial Attack on Hammarskjold Plane in 1961". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved 6 July 2015.  Over the years, there have been multiple claims that the plane was shot down, and that Hammarskjöld was actually killed in an assassination plot involving some combination of the CIA, a Belgian Mining Company, a South African paramilitary unit, and British intelligence, because he was pushing for the Congo’s independence, which would have hurt the interests of any of those forces. Adding fuel to the theories was a copy of a secret government document that surfaced in South Africa 18 years ago, which suggested that the CIA, MI5, and the South African government were in on Hammarskjöld ’s death. They presented statements from CIA director Allen Dulles, saying “Dag is becoming troublesome … and should be removed.”
  20. ^ Henry P Van Dusen. Dag Hammarskjold: A Biographical Interpretation of Markings Faber and Faber London 1967 p 47.
  21. ^ Hartman, Thom (3 March 2005). Markings - the spiritual diary of Dag Hammarskjöld. BuzzFlash.
  22. ^ Auden, with Leif Sjoberg, translated the book into English. Hammarskjold, Dag (1964). Markings. New York: Ballantine Books. 
  23. ^ Henry P Van Dusen. Dag Hammarskjold: A Biographical Interpretation of Markings Faber and Faber London 1967 p 5
  24. ^ Dag Hammarskjold: Markings Leif Sjoberg and WH Auden (trans) Faber and Faber London 1964 p 63.
  25. ^ Dag Hammarskjold: Markings Leif Sjoberg and WH Auden (trans) Faber and Faber London 1964 p149
  26. ^ WH Auden Foreword to Dag Hammarskjold: Markings Leif Sjoberg and WH Auden (trans) Faber and Faber London 1964 p 23.
  27. ^ Carleton Through the Years. Accessed 2011-03-31
  28. ^ Mary Cherif; Nathalie Leroy; Anna Banchieri; Armando Da Silva. "Dag Hammarskjöld: The Un Years". Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  29. ^ "UPI Audio: Year (1961) in Review". UPI. 2013-08-22. Retrieved 2013-09-10. 
  30. ^ TIME magazine
  31. ^ "Other people's faith in you, their pastor | The Christian Century". The Christian Century. Retrieved 2016-05-28. 
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  36. ^ "Convening thinkers and doers: Sweden's Dag Hammarskjold Foundation". 25 November 1975. Retrieved 2011-09-19. 
  37. ^ "United Nations Security Council Verbatim Report 3802. S/PV/3802 22 July 1997. Retrieved 2007-08-21.
  38. ^ "Colgate University : P-CON Fellowships and Awards". Retrieved 2011-09-19. ["dead link]
  39. ^ Mary Cherif; Nathalie Leroy; Anna Banchieri; Armando Da Silva. "Selection of stamps commemorating the life of Dag Hammarskjöld". Retrieved 2013-09-10. 
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  41. ^ "Sweden's New Bank Notes". unknown. Retrieved 2015-01-08. 

External links[edit]

Cultural offices
Preceded by
"Hjalmar Hammarskjöld
"Swedish Academy,
"Seat No.17

Succeeded by
"Erik Lindegren
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
"Norway "Trygve Lie
"United Nations Secretary-General
Succeeded by
"Myanmar "U Thant
) )