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A darknet (or dark net) is a portion of routed, allocated IP space not running any services. Traffic arriving to such IP dark space is undesired since it has no active hosts.
The term dark net has been mistakenly conflated with the Dark web which is an "overlay network that can be accessed only with specific software, configurations, or authorization, often using non-standard "communication protocols and "ports. Dark web types are "friend-to-friend networks (usually used for "file sharing with a "peer-to-peer connection) and "privacy networks such as "Tor.
The reciprocal term for an encrypted darknet is "clearnet or "surface web when referring to search engine indexable content.
As of 2015interchangeably with the "dark web due to the quantity of "hidden services on "Tor's darknet. The term is often inaccurately used interchangeably with the "deep web due to Tor's history as a platform that could not be search-indexed. Mixing uses of both these terms has been described as inaccurate, with some commentators recommending the terms be used in distinct fashions.
, "The Darknet" is often used "
"Darknet" was coined in the 1970s to designate networks isolated from "ARPANET (which evolved into the "Internet), for security purposes. Darknet addresses could receive data from ARPANET but did not appear in the network lists and would not answer "pings or other inquiries.
The term gained public acceptance following publication of "The Darknet and the Future of "Content Distribution", a 2002 paper by "Peter Biddle, Paul England, Marcus Peinado, and Bryan Willman, four employees of "Microsoft who argued the presence of the darknet was the primary hindrance to the development of workable "digital rights management (DRM) technologies and made "copyright infringement inevitable.
Journalist "J. D. Lasica, in his 2005 book Darknet: Hollywood's War Against the Digital Generation, described the darknet's reach encompassing file sharing networks. Subsequently, in 2014, journalist "Jamie Bartlett in his book The Dark Net used it to describe a range of underground and emergent "subcultures, including "camgirls, "cryptoanarchists, "darknet drug markets, "self harm communities, "social media racists, and "transhumanists.
Darknets in general may be used for various reasons, such as:
All darknets require specific software installed or network configurations made to access them, such as "Tor, which can be accessed via a customised browser from "Vidalia (aka the Tor browser bundle), or alternatively via a "proxy configured to perform the same function.
No longer supported
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