David Deutsch in 2015
|Born||David Elieser Deutsch
18 May 1953 
|Education||"William Ellis School|
|Alma mater||"Clare College, Cambridge (BA)
"Wolfson College, Oxford (PhD)
"Quantum information science
|Institutions||"University of Oxford
|"Thesis||Boundary effects in quantum field theory (1978)|
|Doctoral students||"Artur Ekert|
David Elieser Deutsch "FRS ("//; born 18 May 1953) is an Israeli-born British "physicist at the "University of Oxford. He is a Visiting Professor in the Department of Atomic and Laser Physics at the "Centre for Quantum Computation (CQC) in the "Clarendon Laboratory of the University of Oxford. He pioneered the field of "quantum computation by formulating a description for a "quantum Turing machine, as well as specifying an algorithm designed to run on a quantum computer. He is a proponent of the "many-worlds interpretation of "quantum mechanics.
Deutsch was born in "Haifa in Israel on 18 May 1953, the son of Oskar and Tikva Deutsch. He attended "William Ellis School in "Highgate, north London (then a "voluntary aided "grammar school) before reading "Natural Sciences at "Clare College, Cambridge and taking "Part III of the Mathematical Tripos. He went on to "Wolfson College, Oxford for his doctorate in "theoretical physics and wrote his thesis on "quantum field theory in "curved space-time supervised by "Dennis Sciama and "Philip Candelas.
His work on "quantum algorithms began with a ground-breaking 1985 paper, later expanded in 1992 along with "Richard Jozsa to produce the "Deutsch–Jozsa algorithm, one of the first examples of a quantum algorithm that is exponentially faster than any possible deterministic classical algorithm.
Together with Chiara Marletto, he published a paper in December 2014 entitled Constructor theory of information, that conjectures that information can be expressed solely in terms of which transformations of physical systems are possible and which are impossible. He is currently (since 2012) working on "constructor theory, an attempt at generalizing the quantum theory of computation to cover not just computation but all physical processes. His nomination for election as a "Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2008, his contributions were described as having... :
... laid the foundations of the quantum theory of computation, and has subsequently made or participated in many of the most important advances in the field, including the discovery of the first quantum algorithms, the theory of quantum logic gates and quantum computational networks, the first quantum error-correction scheme, and several fundamental quantum universality results. He has set the agenda for worldwide research efforts in this new, interdisciplinary field, made progress in understanding its philosophical implications (via a variant of the many-universes interpretation) and made it comprehensible to the general public, notably in his book The Fabric of Reality.
In his 1997 book The Fabric of Reality, Deutsch details his "Theory of Everything." It aims not at the reduction of everything to particle physics, but rather mutual support among "multiversal, computational, epistemological, and evolutionary principles. His theory of everything is somewhat "emergentist rather than "reductive. There are four strands to his theory:
Deutsch's second book, The Beginning of Infinity: Explanations that Transform the World, was published on 31 March 2011. In this book Deutsch views the "Enlightenment of the 18th century as near the beginning of a potentially unending sequence of purposeful knowledge creation. He examines the nature of "memes and how and why "creativity evolved in humans.
Deutsch was awarded the "Dirac Prize of the "Institute of Physics in 1998, and the Edge of Computation Science Prize in 2005. The Fabric of Reality was shortlisted for the "Rhone-Poulenc science book award in 1998. In 2017 he received the "Dirac Medal of the "International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP). He was elected a "Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2008.
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