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"Declare Independence"
""Bjorkdeclare-200.jpg
"Single by "Björk
from the album "Volta
Released 1 January 2008
Format
"Genre
Length 4:13
"Label "One Little Indian
"Songwriter(s)
"Producer(s)
  • Björk
  • Mark Bell
"Björk singles chronology
""Innocence"
(2007)
"Declare Independence"
(2008)
""Wanderlust"
(2008)
""Innocence"
(2007)
"Declare Independence"
(2008)
""Wanderlust"
(2008)

"Declare Independence" is a song written and recorded by "Icelandic singer "Björk. The track was released as the third single from her seventh full-length studio album, "Volta. The single was released on 1 January 2008. Björk's dedication of the song to various independence causes at live performances of the song in "Shanghai and "Tokyo have caused controversy.[4][5]

Contents

Background[edit]

"Declare Independence" was originally an instrumental track by British musician and frequent musical collaborator "Mark Bell, performed at his live shows as early as November 2006.[6] Björk later added her vocals and brass arrangement on top.[7] The lyrics are dedicated to the "Faroe Islands and "Greenland, islands which currently are constituent nations within the kingdom Denmark, as Björk's home country of Iceland had been.[8][9][10]

"Declare Independence" was originally meant to be released as the second single from Volta in August 2007, but due to the worldwide success of the album Björk had to perform more international promotion work than her label "One Little Indian had originally planned, meaning that the previously-planned video shoot for "Declare Independence" with "Michel Gondry in "London could not take place.[11] The deadline for the music video contest for ""Innocence", then slated as the third single, was then brought forward a month to 10 June 2007 so as to provide a finished video able to coincide with a July 2007 release originally planned for "Declare Independence". The limited edition "multiformat" box set consists of a sticker-sealed fold-out box with five colored nesting boxes containing two 12" vinyl singles, a CD and a music video DVD in colored paper sleeves. A digital release accompanied the physical release on the same date.[12]

Music video[edit]

Background and development[edit]

The "military-themed "performance video was directed by French director "Michel Gondry. It is his seventh video with Björk, and the first since 1997's ""Bachelorette". In a press conference on 22 March 2007, Gondry stated that he would be shooting a video with Björk for an upcoming single, and though he did not specifically state which song it would be for, described his treatment as being for a ""punk" song.[13][14] Later confirmation of the video being for "Declare Independence" was made in an article on "Monsters and Critics on 8 May 2007.[15] The video shoot was originally going to take place in August 2007 in London (as was the projected single release)[11] but it was eventually rescheduled to 11 October 2007 in "New York City.[16] The finished video was premiered on "AOL on 6 December 2007.[17] A "making-of was made available on 29 November 2007.[18] The video was premiered exclusively on "Channel 4 in the UK on 13 December 2007.[19] The video is also available on the DVD compilation "Michel Gondry 2: More Videos (Before and After DVD 1).

Synopsis[edit]

The video opens with Mark Bell standing on a wall suspended above Björk, playing a "loom-shaped "bass guitar. The strings from this guitar thread themselves through Björk's megaphone, the helmets of several foot soldiers and then up through a pulley system before returning to the guitar. As the song progresses, the strings are spraypainted with several colours as they pass through the loop. When the beat begins, the foot soldiers jump along to the beat, triggering a platform switch that raises a large white banner that loops around the installation. The banner is then painted by five other people in jumpsuits when it reaches the top. A trickle of green paint streaks down the camera's lens at the end of the video as the machine begins to grind to a halt. All the people in the video including Björk wear jumpsuits with the flags of "Greenland and the "Faroe Islands on their shoulders.[20]

Controversies[edit]

""
""
Björk performing at the "Radio City Music Hall in "New York City.

Björk has used live performances of "Declare Independence" to declare political support for various causes, often to some controversy. At two concerts in "Tokyo, she showed her support for "Kosovo's declaration of independence. When her upcoming performance at the 2008 Serbian "EXIT Festival was cancelled,[5][21] Björk suggested that "Maybe a Serb attended my concert [in Tokyo] and called home, and therefore the concert in Novi Sad was cancelled."[22][23] The organizer behind the EXIT Festival denied that Björk's cancellation from the festival was because of her song dedication to Kosovo; that it was actually their inability to guarantee the safety of her fans.[24] Björk's management maintained that the cancellation was because of the dedication,[25] claiming that they had received an email from EXIT Festival saying that they would only allow the concert to go ahead if Björk's management "denied that Björk has ever [dedicated the song to Kosovo]".[26] On 7 March 2008, EXIT festival organiser Bojan Boscovic changed his position and told NME that Björk has an "open invitation" to play at the festival.[27] Björk's dedicating of "Declare Independence" to the "Faroe Islands caused some minor controversy in the country.[8][10]

At a concert in "Shanghai on 2 March 2008, Björk shouted "Tibet, Tibet!" three times followed by "Raise your flag!" four times during the finale performance of "Declare Independence".[4][28] Immediately there was an "uneasy atmosphere" and fans left the venue quickly,[29] and "internet forums such as "Tianya fielded many negative comments on her statement.[30] "China's Ministry of Culture issued a statement denouncing Björk's outburst,[31] and warned that she would be banned from future appearances in China if she repeated such behavior.[32] In an interview, Björk said that she did not "[plan] a trip to China with the purpose of... propaganda" and that Chinese officials "sensationalized" her performance.[33][34] On 17 July 2008, the Chinese Ministry of Culture announced that artistic groups who "threaten national unity" or "whip up ethnic hatred" among other things during live events would be banned from performing. Fans of "Oasis and "Bob Dylan, who had previously performed in "Tibetan Freedom Concerts, blamed the new regulations for their subsequent denials of permission to perform in Chinese venues.[35]

On October 2017, after the referendum for independence that took place in Catalonia, Björk dedicated the song to Catalonia on Twitter.[36]

Live performances[edit]

On 8 June 2007 (recorded on 5 June 2007), Björk performed, along with her tour musicians, on the UK television show "Later... with Jools Holland for the fifth time in her solo career.[37] She performed ""Earth Intruders", ""The Anchor Song", and "Declare Independence". Björk's set at "Glastonbury Festival was broadcast on "BBC Four (and later on "BBC Two) on 22 June 2007, with "Declare Independence" being the last song of the concert.

Björk performed the song on every show of the worldwide "Volta Tour, usually as the very last song of the concert. The live performances make heavy use of the "ReacTable, an "electro-acoustic music instrument with a tabletop "Tangible User Interface. Musician Damian Taylor plays the ReacTable live on stage, and is often joined on the instrument by the support bands when "Declare Independence" is played. During the Australian leg of her tour, as part of the 2008 "Big Day Out, the song was dedicated to the "Aboriginal people of Australia.

In the "Biophilia Tour, the song was played using the instrumental base of the song (eliminating brass and beats, being the latter played live onstage by "Manu Delago) and featuring the "Tesla coil as a new instrument. On 12 August 2012 in Helsinki, Finland, Björk dedicated the song to "Pussy Riot.

Björk also performed the song at the end of her set in "Toronto on 16 July 2013, and dedicated it to "Trayvon Martin.[38]

Track listings and formats[edit]

12" vinyl 1

Side A. "Declare Independence" ("Ghostigital 12" mix)
Side B. "Declare Independence" ("Mark Stent mix)

12" vinyl 2

Side C. "Declare Independence" ("Matthew Herbert 12" mix)
Side D. "Declare Independence" (Mark Stent instrumental)

CD

  1. "Declare Independence" (Mark Stent mix)
  2. "Declare Independence" (Ghostigital In Deep End dance 12" remix)
  3. "Declare Independence" (Matthew Herbert 12" mix)
  4. "Declare Independence" (Mark Stent instrumental)

DVD

  1. "Declare Independence" — Music video

Digital EP

  1. "Declare Independence" (Mark Stent mix)
  2. "Declare Independence" (Ghostigital In Deep End dance remix 12")
  3. "Declare Independence" (Matthew Herbert 12")
  4. "Declare Independence" (Mark Stent instrumental)

Charts[edit]

Chart Peak
position
France Singles Top 100[39] 67
Italian Singles Chart[40] 19

Versions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pitchfork: Album Reviews: Björk: Volta". "Pitchfork. 2007-05-08. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
  2. ^ "Bjork - Volta - Review - Stylus Magazine" Archived 2007-05-09 at the "Wayback Machine.. "Stylus Magazine. 2007-05-07. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
  3. ^ http://www.stereogum.com/1266692/bjork-albums-from-worst-to-best/franchises/counting-down/attachment/volta/
  4. ^ a b "Bjork makes 'free Tibet' gesture". BBC News. 2008-03-04. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  5. ^ a b "Bjork Serbian gig cancelled over her pro-Kosovan stance". 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  6. ^ 4um.bjork.com (2007). "bjork.com/\/\unity - Declare Independence without vocals/instrumental". Retrieved 2007-12-24. 
  7. ^ "brooklynvegan: An interview with Björk". Brooklyn Vegan. 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  8. ^ a b Útvarp Føroya (Faroese Radio): Íslendska Björk ognar Føroyum og Grønlandi nýggjan sang (The Icelandic Björk dedicates new song to the Faroes and Greenland), 10 April 2007 (Faroese)
  9. ^ Iceland Review: Björk in concert in Iceland, 10 April 2007
  10. ^ a b Portal.fo: Bjørk upp í flaggstríðið? (Björk onto the Flag struggle?) Archived 2009-03-15 at the "Wayback Machine., 10 April 2007 (Faroese)
  11. ^ a b "bjork.com/\/\unity - Explanation from OLI about contest date change". 4um.bjork.com. 2007. Retrieved 2007-06-22. 
  12. ^ a b c d e bleep.com (2007). "BLEEP - High Quality Music Downloads from Bleep.com". Retrieved 2007-12-24. 
  13. ^ telerama.fr (2007). "telerama.fr : " J'ai toujours rêvé d'adapter une histoire sur un arbre de 5 km de haut "". Archived from the original on 2007-03-24. Retrieved 2007-04-03. 
  14. ^ bjork.fr (2007). "Michel Gondry, à nouveau de la partie ? - bjork fr - news, forum, concert 2007, Volta le nouvel album de Björk". Archived from the original on 2007-04-27. Retrieved 2007-04-03. 
  15. ^ music.monstersandcritics.com (2007). "Bjork's plays with others on 'Volta' - Music". Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  16. ^ 4um.bjork.com (2007). "bjork.com/\/\unity - Pictures from Declare Independence". Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  17. ^ bjork.fr (2007). "Declare Independence : clip en décembre + single en janvier - bjork.fr news, forum, photos, concert 2007 / 2008, Volta, Live Session Album". Archived from the original on 2007-11-10. Retrieved 2007-11-27. 
  18. ^ spinner.com (2007). "Bjork, The Making of... 'Declare Independence' - Video Exclusive - Spinner.com - Free MP3s, Interviews, Music News, Live Performances, Songs and Videos". Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  19. ^ 4um.bjork.com (2007). "bjork.com/\/\unity - C4 Video Exclusive". Retrieved 2007-12-24. 
  20. ^ spinner.com (2007). "Bjork, 'Declare Independence' - Video of the Day". 
  21. ^ 4um.bjork.com (2008). "bjork.com/\/\unity - K O S O V O". Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  22. ^ icelandreview.com (2008). "Iceland Review - Online". Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  23. ^ mbl.is (2008). "Mbl.is - Frétt - Hætt við tónleika vegna orða Bjarkar um Kosovo". Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  24. ^ "Bjork festival cancellation 'not due to politics'". NME. 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  25. ^ "Bjork management: Kosovo WAS behind Exit festival row". NME. 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  26. ^ "Pitchfork: Bjork Speaks Out About Kosovo Controversy". Pitchfork. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  27. ^ "EXIT festival boss: Bjork has 'open invitation' to play". NME. 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  28. ^ digitalspy.co.uk (2008). "Music - News - Bjork gig outburst draws criticism - Digital Spy". Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  29. ^ gigwise.com (2008). "GIGWISE, Bjork Angers Fans In China With 'Tibet' Call". Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  30. ^ Branigan, Tania (2008-03-04). "Bjork's Shanghai surprise: a cry of 'Tibet!'". "The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2008-03-04. 
  31. ^ eonline.com (2008). "E! News - China Tries to Cork Björk". Archived from the original on 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  32. ^ uk.news.launch.yahoo.com (2008). "Music News - The latest music news and gossip from Yahoo! Music UK & Ireland". Retrieved 2008-03-10. 
  33. ^ thelipster.com (2008). ""The Lipster - Features - LIPSTER WORLD EXCLUSIVE: Bjork's first interview about China, censorship and "Tibet, Tibet""". Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  34. ^ "Bjork speaks after Tibet controversy". 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-18. 
  35. ^ Walker, Peter (2010-04-04). "China blocks Bob Dylan gigs". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-04-05. 
  36. ^ björk (1 October 2017). "for catalonia". @bjork. Retrieved 2017-10-06. 
  37. ^ bjork.fr (2007). "Later with Jools Holland - bjork.fr news, forum, photos, concert 2007 / 2008, Volta, Live Session Album". Retrieved 2007-12-06. 
  38. ^ NME (2013). "Björk dedicates song to Trayvon Martin at Toronto show – watch". Retrieved 2013-08-22. 
  39. ^ "Björk - Declare Independence". lescharts.com. Retrieved 2012-02-13. 
  40. ^ "Italian Singles Chart". musicaedischi.it. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 

External links[edit]

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