Powered by
Share this page on
Article provided by Wikipedia

Democratic National Committee
Founded 1848; 170 years ago (1848)[1][2]
Headquarters 430 South Capitol St SE,
"Washington, D.C. 20003
, "U.S.
Key people
"Tom Perez
Deputy Chair:
"Keith Ellison
Finance Chair:
"Henry R. Muñoz III
"Bill Derrough - Treasurer
"Jason Rae - Secretary
Michael Tyler
Website democrats.org

The Democratic National Committee (DNC) is the formal governing body for the "United States Democratic Party. The committee coordinates strategy to support Democratic Party candidates throughout the country for local, state, and national office. It organizes the "Democratic National Convention held every four years to nominate and confirm a candidate for "president, and to formulate the "party platform. While it provides support for party candidates, it does not have direct authority over elected officials.[3]

The DNC is composed of the chairs and vice-chairs of each state Democratic Party committee and more than 200 members elected by Democrats in all 50 states and the territories. Its chair is elected by the committee. It conducts fundraising to support its activities.[3]

The DNC was established at the "1848 Democratic National Convention.[1] The DNC's main counterpart is the "Republican National Committee.


Campaign role[edit]

The DNC is responsible for articulating and promoting the Democratic platform and coordinating party organizational activity. When the president is a Democrat, the party generally works closely with the president. In presidential elections it supervises the national convention and, both independently and in coordination with the presidential candidate, raises funds, commissions polls, and coordinates campaign strategy. Following the selection of a party nominee, the public funding laws permit the national party to coordinate certain expenditures with the nominee, but additional funds are spent on general, party-building activities.[4] There are state committees in every state, as well as local committees in most cities, wards, and towns (and, in most states, counties).

The chairperson of the DNC is elected by vote of members of the Democratic National Committee. The DNC is composed of the chairs and vice-chairs of each state Democratic Party's central committee, two hundred members apportioned among the states based on population and generally elected either on the ballot by primary voters or by the state Democratic Party committee, a number of elected officials serving in an "ex officio capacity, and a variety of representatives of major Democratic Party constituencies.

"Chicago delegation to the January 8, 1912 Democratic National Committee

The DNC establishes rules for the "caucuses and "primaries which choose delegates to the "Democratic National Convention, but the caucuses and primaries themselves are most often run not by the DNC but instead by each individual state. Primary elections, in particular, are invariably conducted by state governments according to their own laws. Political parties may choose to participate or not participate in a state's primary election, but no political party executives have any jurisdiction over the dates of primary elections, or how they are conducted.

Outside of the process of nominating a presidential candidate, the DNC's role in actually selecting candidates to run on the party ticket is minimal.

All DNC members are "superdelegates to the Democratic National Convention whose role can influence a close primary race. These delegates, officially described as "unpledged party leader and elected official delegates," fall into three categories based on other positions they hold:[5]

DNC fundraising[edit]

In the 2002 election cycle, the DNC and its affiliated committees (which include numerous local committees and committees formed to coordinate expenditures for specific districts or races) raised a total of US $162,062,084, 42% of which was "hard money. The largest contributor, with US $7,297,937 was the Saban Capital Group, founded in 2001 by "Haim Saban. "Fred Eychaner, the owner of "Newsweb Corporation, gave the second highest amount of money to the DNC and its affiliates, US $5,175,000. The third largest contributor was "Steve Bing of Shangri-La Entertainment, who gave US $4,758,000.[6]

In the 2006 election cycle, the DNC raised a total of US $37,939,887. The three largest contributors were investment bank "Goldman Sachs (US $225,600). University of California (US $121,980) and Pond North LLP (US $109,296).[7]

The DNC introduced a small-donor fund raising campaign, the Democracy Bonds program, set up by "Howard Dean in the summer of 2005.[8] There were only 31,000 "Democracy Bond donors by May 2006, off-pace from the goal of 1 million donors by 2008. The program no longer is in place.

In the 2016 election cycle, the DNC raised a total of US $75,945,536 as of July 21, 2016. The three largest contributors were hedge fund "Renaissance Technologies (US $677,850), Newsweb Corp (US $334,000) and "Total Wine (US $298,100).[9]

In June 2008, after Senator "Barack Obama became the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, Dean announced that the DNC, emulating the Obama campaign, would no longer accept donations from federal lobbyists.[10] In July 2015, during the 2016 election cycle, the DNC, led by Debbie Wasserman Schultz, reversed this policy.[11]

Current leadership[edit]

In addition, a National Advisory Board exists for purposes of fundraising and advising the executive. The present chair is "Elizabeth Frawley Bagley, former U.S. Ambassador to Portugal.

List of DNC Chairs[edit]

Officeholder Term State[19]
"Benjamin F. Hallett 1848–1852 "Massachusetts
"Robert Milligan McLane 1852–1856 "Maryland
"David Allen Smalley 1856–1860 "Vermont
"August Belmont 1860–1872 "New York
"Augustus Schell 1872–1876 "New York
"Abram Stevens Hewitt 1876–1877 "New York
"William H. Barnum 1877–1889 "Connecticut
"Calvin Stewart Brice 1889–1892 "Ohio
"William F. Harrity 1892–1896 "Pennsylvania
"James K. Jones 1896–1904 "Arkansas
"Thomas Taggart 1904–1908 "Indiana
"Norman E. Mack 1908–1912 "New York
"William F. McCombs 1912–1916 "New York
"Vance C. McCormick 1916–1919 "Pennsylvania
"Homer S. Cummings 1919–1920 "Connecticut
"George White 1920–1921 "Ohio
"Cordell Hull 1921–1924 "Tennessee
"Clem L. Shaver 1924–1928 "West Virginia
"John J. Raskob 1928–1932 "New York
"James A. Farley 1932–1940 "New York
"Edward J. Flynn 1940–1943 "New York
"Frank C. Walker 1943–1944 "Pennsylvania
"Robert E. Hannegan 1944–1947 "Missouri
"J. Howard McGrath 1947–1949 "Rhode Island
"William M. Boyle 1949–1951 "Missouri
"Frank E. McKinney 1951–1952 "Indiana
"Stephen Mitchell 1952–1955 "Illinois
"Paul M. Butler 1955–1960 "Indiana
"Henry M. Jackson 1960–1961 "Washington
"John Moran Bailey 1961–1968 "Connecticut
"Larry O'Brien 1968–1969 "Massachusetts
"Fred R. Harris 1969–1970 "Oklahoma
"Larry O'Brien 1970–1972 "Massachusetts
"Jean Westwood 1972 "Utah
"Robert S. Strauss 1972–1977 "Texas
"Kenneth M. Curtis 1977–1978 "Maine
"John C. White 1978–1981 "Texas
"Charles Manatt 1981–1985 "California
"Paul G. Kirk 1985–1989 "Massachusetts
"Ron Brown 1989–1993 "New York
"David Wilhelm 1993–1994 "Ohio
"Debra DeLee 1994–1995 "Massachusetts
"Chris Dodd1
"Donald Fowler
1995–1997 "Connecticut
"South Carolina
"Roy Romer1
"Steven Grossman
1997–1999 "Colorado
"Ed Rendell1
"Joe Andrew
1999–2001 "Pennsylvania
"Terry McAuliffe 2001–2005 "Virginia
"Howard Dean 2005–2009 "Vermont
"Tim Kaine 2009–2011 "Virginia
"Donna Brazile2 2011 "Louisiana
"Debbie Wasserman Schultz 2011–2016[20] "Florida
"Donna Brazile2 2016–2017 "Louisiana
"Tom Perez 2017–present "Maryland
1 — General Chair, served concurrently with National Chair (1995–2001)
2 — Interim Chair


List of DNC Deputy Chairs[edit]

Officeholder Term State
Ben Johnson[21] 2003–2005 "Maryland
"Mike Honda 2003–2005 "California
"Susan W. Turnbull 2003–2005 "Maryland
"Keith Ellison 2017–present "Minnesota



The Chinagate was an alleged effort by the "People's Republic of China to influence domestic American politics prior to and during the "Clinton administration and also involved the fund-raising practices of the administration itself.[22][23][24]

Illegal fund raising[edit]

In 2002, the "Federal Election Commission fined the Democratic National Committee $115,000 for its part in "fundraising violations in 1996.[25]

DNC Hacking[edit]

"Debbie Wasserman Schultz served as DNC chair from 2011 to 2016.

"Cyber attacks and "hacks were claimed by or attributed to various individual and groups such as:


On July 22, 2016 "Wikileaks released approximately 20,000 DNC emails.[36] Critics claimed that the Committee unequally favored "Hillary Clinton and acted in support of her nomination while opposing the candidacy of her primary challenger "Bernie Sanders. "Donna Brazile corroborated these allegations in an excerpt of her book published by Politico in November 2017, and also claimed that the Clinton campaign bought control of the DNC.[37] The leaked emails spanned sixteen months, terminating in May 2016.[38] The hack was claimed by the "hacker "Guccifer 2.0, but several "cybersecurity firms believe this assertion is false.[39]

The WikiLeaks releases led to the resignations of Chairperson Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Communications Director Luis Miranda, Chief Financial Officer Brad Marshall and Chief Executive Amy Dacey.[40]


The Democratic Party's national committee has existed since 1848.[41] During the "1848 Democratic National Convention, a resolution was passed creating the Democratic National Committee, composed of thirty members, one person per state, chosen by the states' delegations, and chaired by "Benjamin F. Hallett.[42]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Party History. Retrieved February 17, 2007. Archived November 4, 2006, at the "Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Smith, Melissa M.; Williams, Glenda C.; Powell, Larry; Copeland, Gary A. (2010). Campaign Finance Reform: The Political Shell Game. Lexington Books. p. 14. "ISBN "9780739145678. Retrieved 26 October 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Democrats.org". 
  4. ^ "Public Funding of Presidential Elections". "Federal Election Commission. February 2005. Retrieved October 29, 2006. 
  5. ^ "Delegate Selection Materials For the 2016 Democratic National Convention" (PDF). December 15, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Top Contributors 2002 Election Cycle DNC: OpenSecrets". www.opensecrets.org. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  7. ^ "Top Contributors DNC 2006 Cycle". www.opensecrets.org. Center for Responsive Politics. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  8. ^ 2006 Democracy Bonds. Retrieved on August 2, 2007. Archived August 13, 2007, at the "Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "Top Contributors DNC 2016 Election". www.opensecrets.org. Center for Responsive Politics. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  10. ^ Rhee, Foon (June 5, 2008). "DNC bars Washington lobbyist money". "The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on July 15, 2008. 
  11. ^ Smilowitz, Elliot (July 24, 2015). "DNC to allow lobbyist money to fund conventions". "The Hill. Retrieved August 2, 2016. 
  12. ^ David Weigel (February 25, 2017). "Thomas Perez elected the first Latino leader of Democratic Party". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 25, 2017. 
  13. ^ Allison Sherry (February 25, 2017). "Ellison loses bid to lead Democrats, will stay in Congress". Minneapolis Star Tribune. Retrieved February 25, 2017. 
  14. ^ a b Democratic National Committee (January 22, 2013). "Democratic National Committee Elects New Officers at Meeting in Washington Today". www.democrats.org. Archived from the original on February 2, 2013. Retrieved January 25, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Democratic Party on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-02-27. 
  16. ^ "Rep. Grace Meng Elected DNC Vice Chairwoman". Roll Call. 2016-07-29. Retrieved 2016-07-29. 
  17. ^ "Democratic Party on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-02-26. 
  18. ^ "Democratic Party on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved 2017-02-26. 
  19. ^ Lawrence Kestenbaum. "A Database of Historic Cemeteries". The Political Graveyard web site. Retrieved December 29, 2010. 
  20. ^ Joshua Cohen (2011-05-04). "Breaking News: Debbie Wasserman Schultz Elected DNC Chair". Democrats.org. Archived from the original on August 2, 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-20. 
  21. ^ "Ben Johnson | The HistoryMakers". www.thehistorymakers.com. Retrieved 2017-03-20. 
  22. ^ "Fund-raiser Charlie Trie pleads guilty under plea agreement". CNN. May 21, 1999. Archived from the original on August 5, 2006. 
  23. ^ "New Clinton Scandal Mirrors 'Chinagate,' Say Analysts". CNSNews.com. July 7, 2008.
  24. ^ "Chinagate and the Clintons". The American Spectator. October 6, 2016.
  25. ^ "DNC fined for illegal 1996 fund raising", CNN.com, September 23, 2002. Archived May 14, 2008, at the "Wayback Machine.
  26. ^ a b Nakashima, Ellem (14 June 2016). "Russian government hackers penetrated DNC, stole opposition research on Trump". The Washington Post. Washington D C. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  27. ^ "'Lone Hacker' Claims Responsibility for Cyber Attack on Democrats". NBC News. 2016-06-16. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  28. ^ a b Sanger, David E. and Rick Corasaniti (14 June 2016). "D.N.C. Says Russian Hackers Penetrated Its Files, Including Dossier on Donald Trump". "The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved 24 July 2016. 
  29. ^ Uchill, Joe (2016-07-13). "Guccifer 2.0 releases new DNC docs". The Hill. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  30. ^ Joe, Uchill (2016-07-18). "New Guccifer 2.0 dump highlights 'wobbly Dems' on Iran deal". The Hill. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  31. ^ Ross, Chuck (2016-07-22). "Wikileaks Releases Nearly 20,000 Hacked DNC Emails". The Daily Caller. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  32. ^ Mackey, Robert (2016-07-26). "If Russian Intelligence Did Hack the DNC, the NSA Would Know, Snowden Says". The Intercept. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  33. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: WikiLeaks' Julian Assange on Releasing DNC Emails That Ousted Debbie Wasserman Schultz". "Democracy Now!. 2016-07-25. Retrieved 2016-07-27. 
  34. ^ Alperovitch, Dmitri (15 June 2016). "Bears in the Midst: Intrusion into the Democratic National Committee". From The Front Lines. "CrowdStrike, Inc. Retrieved 22 July 2016. 
  35. ^ Sanger, David E.; Schmitt, Eric (July 26, 2016). "Spy Agency Consensus Grows That Russia Hacked D.N.C." New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2016. 
  36. ^ "WikiLeaks - Search the DNC email database". wikileaks.org. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 3 August 2016. 
  37. ^ Brazile, Donna (November 2, 2017). "Inside Hillary Clinton's Secret Takeover of the DNC". "Politico. Retrieved November 4, 2017. 
  38. ^ Uchill, Joe (2016-07-22). "WikiLeaks posts 20,000 DNC emails". thehill.com. "The Hill. Retrieved 2016-07-23. 
  39. ^ "Guccifer 2.0 Claims Responsibility for WikiLeaks DNC Email Dump". "Motherboard Vice. Retrieved August 2, 2016. 
  40. ^ Top Democratic National Committee officials resign in wake of email breach, "Washington Post, Abby Phillip & Katie Zezima, August 2, 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  41. ^ Macy, Jesse (1914). "Committees, Party". In "McLaughlin, Andrew Cunningham; "Bushnell Hart, Albert. Cyclopedia of American Government. 1. pp. 361–363. 
  42. ^ Edwin Howe, Joseph (1919). The Democratic National Committee, 1830-1876. "University of Wisconsin-Madison. 

External links[edit]

) ) WikipediaAudio is not affiliated with Wikipedia or the WikiMedia Foundation.