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Zambia's population (1961-2008).

This article is about the "demographic features of the "population of "Zambia, including "population density, "ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and others aspects of the population.

Contents

Ethnic groups[edit]

"Zambia's population comprises more than 70 "Bantu-speaking "ethnic groups. Some ethnic groups are small, and only two have enough people to constitute at least 10% of the population. The majority of Zambians are "subsistence farmers, but the country is also fairly "urbanised, with 42% of the population being "city residents. The predominant "religion is a blend of traditional beliefs and "Christianity.

"Expatriates, mostly "British or "South African, as well as some white Zambian citizens (about 40,000), live mainly in "Lusaka and in the "Copperbelt in northern Zambia, where they are either employed in "mines, financial and related activities or retired. Zambia also has a small but economically important "Asian population, most of whom are "Indians.

2000 census[edit]

African: 99.5% (includes Bemba, Tonga, Chewa, Lozi, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Ngoni, Lala, Kaonde, Lunda, and other African groups)
Other: 0.5% (includes Europeans, Asians, and Americans)

(2000 Census)

Population[edit]

According to the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects[1] the total population of Zambia is 16,591,390 in 2016, compared to only 2 340 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 46.4%, 50.6% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.1% was 65 years or older.[2]

Total population (x 1000)[3] Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 2 340 44.9 52.3 2.7
1955 2 653 44.7 52.7 2.6
1960 3 045 44.9 52.6 2.5
1965 3 537 45.2 52.2 2.6
1970 4 139 46.4 50.9 2.7
1975 4 900 47.0 50.3 2.7
1980 5 775 47.3 49.9 2.8
1985 6 785 46.6 50.6 2.8
1990 7 860 45.8 51.4 2.8
1995 8 919 45.3 51.8 2.9
2000 10 202 45.3 51.8 2.9
2005 11 462 45.9 51.0 3.0
2010 13 089 46.4 50.6 3.1

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Zambia not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [2]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 117 000 54 000 63 000 46.8 21.7 25.1 6.75 148
1955-1960 136 000 57 000 78 000 47.6 20.1 27.5 6.90 137
1960-1965 160 000 62 000 98 000 48.6 18.8 29.8 7.15 127
1965-1970 189 000 68 000 121 000 49.3 17.7 31.6 7.40 118
1970-1975 219 000 72 000 147 000 48.5 16.0 32.5 7.43 107
1975-1980 254 000 79 000 174 000 47.5 14.9 32.6 7.38 100
1980-1985 283 000 91 000 192 000 45.1 14.4 30.6 6.95 99
1985-1990 322 000 113 000 209 000 44.0 15.4 28.6 6.66 103
1990-1995 365 000 151 000 214 000 43.5 18.0 25.5 6.30 107
1995-2000 427 000 187 000 240 000 44.6 19.6 25.1 6.20 105
2000-2005 480 000 212 000 269 000 44.4 19.6 24.8 6.10 103
2005-2010 547 000 204 000 342 000 44.5 16.7 27.9 6.20 95
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deaths [4]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2010 13 092 666 442 998 164 385 278 613 35,4 13,1 22,2

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted TFR) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR) :[5] [6]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Wanted TFR) (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Wanted TFR) (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Wanted TFR) (Rural)
1992 45 6,5 (5,4) 44 5,8 (4,7) 46 7,1 (6,2)
1996 45,2 6,08 (5,2) 43,7 5,08 (4,1) 46,1 6,86 (6,1)
2001-2002 43,3 5,9 (4,9) 36,7 4,3 (3,4) 47,0 6,9 (5,8)
2007 43,6 6,2 (5,2) 36,3 4,3 (3,6) 47,5 7,5 (6,3)
2013-2014 37,2 5,3 (4,5) 32,2 3,7 (3,3) 40,3 6,6 (5,6)

Fertility data as of 2013-2014 (DHS Program):[7]

Province Total fertility rate Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant Mean number of children ever born to women age 40-49
Central 5.9 8.1 6.8
Copperbelt 4.0 7.6 5.5
Eastern 5.8 8.7 6.9
Luapula 6.4 11.4 6.6
Lusaka 3.7 7.7 5.1
Muchinga 6.3 10.3 7.2
Northern 6.6 10.4 7.6
North Western 6.2 9.2 6.7
Southern 6.2 9.2 6.9
Western 5.6 8.1 6.0

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the "CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Median age[edit]

total: 17.2 years
male: 17.1 years
female: 17.3 years (2010 est.)
total: 16.46 years
male: 16.26 years
female: 16.67 years (2005 est.)
total: 16.5 years
male: 16.4 years
female: 16.6 years (2002)

Sex ratio[edit]

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 52.03 years
male: 50.81 years
female: 53.28 years (2010 est.)
total population: 39.7 years
male: 39.43 years
female: 39.98 years (2005 est.)
total population:37.24 years
male:37.08 years
female:37.41 years (2000 est.)

HIV/AIDS[edit]

adult prevalence rate

15.2% (2007 est.)
16.5% (2003 est.)
21.5% (2001 est.)

people living with HIV/AIDS

1.1 million (2007 est.)
920,000 (2003 est.)
1.2 million (2001 est.)

deaths

56,000 (2007 est.)
89,000 (2003 est.)
120,000 (2001 est.)

Nationality[edit]

noun:Zambian(s)
adjective:Zambian

Religions[8][edit]

Languages[8][edit]

English (official), major vernaculars - "Bemba, "Kaonde, "Lozi, "Lunda, "Luvale, "Nyanja, "Tonga, and about 70 other indigenous languages ("Ambo - "Aushi - "Bisa - "Chikunda - "Cishinga - "Chokwe - "Gova - "Ila - "Inamwanga - "Iwa - "Kabende - "Kosa - "Kunda - "Kwandi - "Kwandu - "Kwangwa - "Lala - "Lamba - "Lenje - "Leya - "Lima - "Liyuwa - "Luano - "Lucazi - "Lumbu - "Lundwe - "Lungu - "Lunda - "Makoma - "Mambwe - "Mashasha - "Mashi - "Mbowe - "Mbukushu - "Mbumi - "Mbunda - "Mbwela - "Mukulu - "Mulonga - "Ndembu - "Ng'umbo - "Nkoya - "Nsenga - "Nyengo - "Nyiha - "Sala - "Seba - "Senga - "Shanjo - "Shila - "Simaa - "Soli - "Subiya - "Swaka - "Tabwa - "Tambo - "Toka - "Totela - "Tumbuka - "Twa - "Unga - "Wandya - "Yombe)

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write English

total population: 80.6%
male: 86.8%
female: 74.8% (2003 est.)
total population: 78.2%
male: 85.6%
female: 71.3% (1995 est.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). "United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "2015 Revision of World Population Prospects". Esa.un.org. Archived from the original on 2011-05-06. Retrieved 2016-08-09. 
  3. ^ De Wulf, Martin. "Zambia 2015". Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100. 
  4. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Unstats.un.org. Retrieved 2016-08-09. 
  5. ^ "Cambodia - Demographic and Health Survey 2010". Microdata.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2016-08-09. 
  6. ^ "National Health Survey 1998" (PDF). Dhsprogram.com. Retrieved 2016-08-09. 
  7. ^ "Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14" (PDF). Dhsprogram.com. Retrieved 7 November 2017. 
  8. ^ a b "Africa :: ZAMBIA". CIA The World Factbook. 
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