"Freedom of assembly in the "Russian Federation is granted by Art. 31 of the "Constitution adopted in 1993:
Citizens of the Russian Federation shall have the right to gather peacefully, without weapons, and to hold meetings, rallies, demonstrations, marches and "pickets.
Demonstrations and protests are further regulated by the Federal Law of the Russian Federation No.54-FZ "On Meetings, Rallies, Demonstrations, Marches and Pickets". If the assembly in public is expected to involve more than one participant, its organisers are obliged to notify executive or local self-government authorities of the upcoming event few days in advance in writing. However, legislation does not foresee an authorisation procedure, hence the authorities have no right to prohibit an assembly or change its place unless it threatens the security of participants or is planned to take place near hazardous facilities, important "railways, "viaducts, "pipelines, "high voltage electric power lines, "prisons, "courts, presidential residences or in the border control zone. The right to gather can also be restricted in close proximity of cultural and historical monuments.
Public demonstrations are rare in "Singapore, where it is illegal to hold cause-related events without a valid licence from the authorities. Such laws include the Public Entertainment and Meetings Act and the Public Order Act.
Under the "Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 and the "Terrorism Act 2006, there are areas designated as 'protected sites' where people are not allowed to go. Previously, these were military bases and nuclear power stations, but the law is changing to include other, generally political areas, such as "Downing Street, the "Palace of Westminster, and the headquarters of "MI5 and "MI6. Previously, "trespassers to these areas could not be arrested if they had not committed another crime and agreed to be escorted out, but this will change following amendments to the law.
"Human rights groups fear the powers could hinder peaceful protest. "Nick Clegg, the then "Liberal Democrat home affairs spokesman, said: "I am not aware of vast troops of trespassers wanting to invade MI5 or MI6, still less running the gauntlet of security checks in "Whitehall and Westminster to make a point. It's a sledgehammer to crack a nut." "Liberty, the "civil liberties pressure group, said the measure was "excessive".
The "First Amendment of the United States Constitution specifically allows peaceful demonstrations and the "freedom of assembly as part of a measure to facilitate the redress of such grievances. "Amendment I: Congress shall make no law ... abridging ... the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances."
A growing trend in the "United States has been the implementation of ""free speech zones," or fenced-in areas which are often far-removed from the event which is being protested; critics of free-speech zones argue that they go against the First Amendment of the "United States Constitution by their very nature, and that they lessen the impact the demonstration might otherwise have had. In many areas it is required to get permission from the government to hold a demonstration.
|""||Wikiquote has quotations related to: Demonstration (protest)|
|""||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Demonstrations.|
- "Civil resistance
- "Crowd control
- "Fare strike
- "List of uprisings led by women
- "Nonviolent resistance
- "Right to protest
- "Oxford English Dictionary
- Eric Hobsbawm (2003). Interesting Times: A Twentieth-Century Life. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 73.
- Analysis: Iran Sends Terror-Group Supporters To Arafat's Funeral Procession "...state-organized rallies..."
- Why Washington and Tehran are headed for a showdown "The Hedge Fund Journal 16 April 200
- Global News, No. GL99-072 China News Digest June 3, 1989
- Cubans ponder life without Fidel The "Washington Times 2 August 2006
- "Democracy in the Former Soviet Union: 1991-2004" Archived September 27, 2007, at the "Wayback Machine. Power and Interest News Report 28 December 2004
- Nicolás Pizzi (2012-07-29). "Militancia todo terreno: Sacan a presos de la cárcel para actos del kirchnerismo" [All-terrain militants: Prisoners are taken out of jail to take part in Kirchnerist demonstrations] (in Spanish). Clarín. Retrieved July 29, 2012.
- "Adam Roberts and "Timothy Garton Ash (eds.), Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, Oxford University Press, 2009, especially at pp. 14-20. Includes chapters by specialists on the various movements.
- Stratfor (2004) Radical, Anarchist Groups Pose Their Own Threat published by "Stratfor, June 4, 2004 quote:
Another common tactic is to infiltrate legitimate demonstrations in the attempt to stir widespread violence and rioting, seen most recently in a spring anti-Iraq war gathering in Vancouver, Canada. This has become so commonplace that sources within activist organizations have told STRATFOR they police their own demonstrations to prevent infiltration by fringe groups.
- Belyaeva et al. (2007) Guidelines on Freedom of Peaceful Assembly, published by OSCE's "Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights. Alternative version, Sections § 7-8, 156-162
- Bryan, Dominic The Anthropology of Ritual: Monitoring and Stewarding Demonstrations in Northern Ireland, Anthropology in Action, Volume 13, Numbers 1-2, January 2006, pp.22-31(10)
- Chapter 2 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation
- Morris, Steven, "New powers against trespassers at key sites", "The Guardian, 24 March 2007. Retrieved on 23 June 2007.
- Brown, Colin, "No-go Britain: Royal Family and ministers protected from protesters by new laws", "The Independent, 4 June 2007. Retrieved on 23 June 2007.
- "America's Founding Documents". 30 October 2015.
- Controlling Public Protest: First Amendment Implications An article about restrictions that may legally be imposed on public protests, by Daniel L. Schofield, S.J.D., published in the November 1994 issue of the "FBI's "Law Enforcement Bulletin.