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|Diocese of Rome
Dioecesis Urbis seu Romana
Diocesi di Roma
|Area||881 km2 (340 sq mi)|
|(as of 2013)
|"Sui iuris church||"Latin Church|
|Cathedral||"Archbasilica of St. John Lateran|
|Patron saint||"Saint Peter
"Saint Catherine of Siena
"Saint Philip Neri
"Saint Lawrence of Rome
(Current officeholder: "Francis)
|Emeritus Bishops||"Benedict XVI (as Pope, and thus Metropolitan and Bishop of the Diocese)
"Camillo Ruini (Cardinal Vicar Emeritus for the Vicariate of Rome)
"Agostino Vallini (Cardinal Vicar Emeritus for the Vicariate of Rome)
"Enzo Dieci (Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus)
Paolino Schiavon (Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus)
|Source: "Annuario Pontificio 2012|
The Diocese of Rome ("Latin: Dioecesis Urbis seu Romana, "Italian: Diocesi di Roma) is a "diocese of the "Catholic Church in "Rome. The Bishop of Rome is the "Pope, the Supreme "Pontiff and head of the Catholic Church. As the "Holy See, the papacy is a sovereign entity with diplomatic relations, and civil jurisdiction over the "Vatican City State located geographically within Rome. The Diocese of Rome is the "metropolitan diocese of the Province of Rome, an "ecclesiastical province in "Italy. The Catholic Church teaches that the first Bishop of Rome was "Saint Peter in the first century. The incumbent since 13 March 2013 is "Pope Francis.
Historically, many Rome-born men, as well as others born elsewhere on the "Italian Peninsula have served as Bishops of Rome. Since 1900, however, there has been only one Rome-born Bishop of Rome, "Pius XII (1939–1958). In addition, non-Italians have served as Bishops of Rome since "John Paul II was elected Pope in 1978. In earlier centuries, in any case, many non-Romans and non-Italians have been Pope.
Due to its significance as central point of reference within the Catholic Church, it is sometimes referred to as The Holy Roman Church, as is the case for instance with "Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, and other such diocese-related titles and terms. This naming tradition is part of a wider context of "nomenclature, of which notably also external habits have been derived, such as the adjective "Roman Catholic, occurring since the "Protestant Reformation.
The best-known title, that of "Pope", does not appear in the official list, but is commonly used in the titles of documents, and appears, in abbreviated form, in the signatures of the Popes.
The best evidence available for the origins of the Church in Rome is "Saint Paul's "Epistle to the Romans. This indicates that the church was established probably by the early 40s CE. "Saint Peter became associated with this church sometime between the year 58 and the early 60s.
According to one historian:
The final years of the first century and the early years of the second constitute the "postapostolic" period, as reflected in the extrabiblical writings of Clement of Rome and Ignatius of Antioch. By now the church at Rome was exercising a pastoral care that extended beyond its own community, having replaced Jerusalem as the practical center of the growing universal Church. Appeals were made to Peter and Paul, with whom the Roman church was most closely identified.
The city of Rome has grown beyond the boundaries of the diocese. Notable parts of the city belong to the dioceses of "Ostia and "Porto-Santa Rufina. Ostia is administered together with the Vicariate of the City and thus included in the statistics given below, while Porto is instead administered by its own "diocesan bishop.
Unless the bishop of a diocese reserves some acts to himself, vicars general have by law within a diocese the power to undertake all administrative acts that pertain to the bishop except those that in law require a special mandate of the bishop.
The diocese covers a territory of 881 square kilometres (340 sq mi) of which 0.44 square kilometres (0.17 sq mi) is in the Vatican City State. The diocese has 1,219 diocesan priests of its own, while 2,331 priests of other dioceses, 5,072 "religious priests and 140 "Opus Dei priests reside in its territory, as do 2,266 women religious. In 2004, they ministered to an estimated 2,454,000 "faithful, who made up 88% of the population of the territory.
There remains the titular "Suburbicarian See of Ostia, held, in addition to his previous suburbicarian see, by the Cardinal Bishop elected to be the "Dean of the College of Cardinals. The Diocese of Ostia was merged with the Diocese of Rome in 1962, and is now administered by a Vicar General, in tight cooperation with the Vicar General for Rome. It was also diminished to contain only the cathedral parish of Ostia (Sant'Aurea in Ostia Antica), which, however, in 2012 was divided into two parishes, who together form the present diocese of Ostia.
Other Italian dioceses having Rome as their "metropolitan see: