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The Iran Sanctions Enabling Act (H.R. 1327) was introduced in "US Congress by Reps. "Barney Frank (D-MA) and "Mark Kirk (R-IL). It passed 414-6. The legislation aims to protects fund managers who divest from such companies from potential lawsuits, thereby facilitating state efforts to divest from the Islamist regime.
The Israeli newspaper Haaretz describes the origin of the efforts in 2007:
Various Israeli sources and the "pro-Israel lobby, the "American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), are also contributing to the efforts, particularly through specific legislation in various American states where pension funds hold stock in firms invested in Iran.
According to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, the AIPAC has made the campaign for disinvestment from Iran a major policy goal for 2009. The JTA wrote that the H.R. 1327 disinvestment bill is "strongly backed by AIPAC" and the its introduction to Congress during the yearly AIPAC conference was "no coincidence" because "having 6,000 conference-goers press for their passage next Tuesday [during the AIPAC conference] is bound to give them a turbo boost."